Albanian parliamentary election, 2013

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Albanian parliamentary election, 2013
Albania
2009 ←
23 June 2013
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All 140 seats in the Assembly of the Republic of Albania
71 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Edi Rama2.jpg Msc 2006-Saturday, 16.00 - 18.00-Berisha.jpg
Leader Edi Rama Sali Berisha
Party PS PD
Alliance ASHE APMI
Last election 65 seats, 41.36%
(PS only)
46 seats, 30.63%
(PD only)
Seats won 83 (alliance) 57 (alliance)
Popular vote 993,904 (alliance) 680,677 (alliance)
Percentage 57.63% (alliance) 39.46% (alliance)

Prime Minister before election

Sali Berisha
PD

Elected Prime Minister

Edi Rama
PS

Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Parliamentary elections were held in Albania on 23 June 2013.[1] The result was a victory for the Alliance for a European Albania led by the Socialist Party and its leader, Edi Rama.[2] Incumbent Prime Minister Sali Berisha of the Democratic Party-led Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration conceded defeat on 26 June,[3] widely viewed as a sign of growing democratic maturity in Albania.[4]

Electoral system[edit]

The 140 members of Parliament were elected in twelve multi-member constituencies analogous to the country's twelve counties. Within the constituencies, seats are elected by closed list proportional representation, with an electoral threshold of 3% for parties and 5% for alliances.[5]

Seats are allocated to alliances using the d'Hondt system, then to political parties using the Sainte-Laguë method.[6]

Alliances[edit]

Prior to the election two major coalitions were formed, whilst four parties and two independent candidates ran alone.[7] In total there were 66 parties.

  • Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration (Aleanca për Punësim, Mirëqenie dhe Integrim) is a coalition of 25 centrist and center-right parties. It is led by the Prime Minister, Sali Berisha.
  • Alliance for a European Albania (Aleanca për Shqipërinë Europiane) is a big tent coalition containing 37 opposition parties that vary from far left to right-wing. It is led by the Leader of the Opposition, Edi Rama.

Opinion polls[edit]

Party Polling

Pollster Date PD PS AK LSI FRD PDIU PR PBDNJ PDK Others Participation
Kult[8] 8–14 December 2012 29.6% 36.5% 14.1% 4.7% 4.1% 71.0%
Gazeta Dita[9] 17–20 December 2012[note 1] 31.0% 37.1% 6.5% 6.6% 5.3%
AlbStat[10] 28 December 2012 31.4% 40.4% 15.2% 4.9% 4.9% 77.1%
AlbStat[11] 21–28 January 2013 31.2% 41.2% 15.0% 5.5% 5.5% 77.5%
Kult[12] 22–31 January 2013 30.1% 41.2% 14.9% 4.1% 4.1% 75%
Soros[13] February 2013 22.7% 19.6% 1,2% 1.0% 1.3% 1,0% 52,2%
Istituto Piepoli[14] May 2013 37.5% 42.5% 2.5% 5% 5% 6% 797
IPR Marketing[15] May/June 2013 38.5% 40% 2% 6.3% 3.7% 1.7% 0.5% 1% 1000
Istituto Piepoli[16] June 2013 38% 42.5% 2.5% 5.5% 3.5% 1000
  1. ^ Only in the municipality of Tirana

Coalition Polling

Pollster Date Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration (APMI) Alliance for a European Albania (ASHE) AK FRD Participation
Istituto Piepoli[14] May 2013 42.5% 50.5% 2.5% 5% 797
IPR Marketing[15] May/June 2013 43% 50% 2% 3.7% 1000
Istituto Piepoli[16] June 2013 42.5% 51% 2.5% 3.5% 1000

Seats Polling

Pollster Date APMI ASHE AK FRD Participation Total Seats
Istituto Piepoli[16] June 2013 66 73 0 1 1000 140

Online Polling

Pollster Date Alliance for Employment, Prosperity and Integration (APMI) Alliance for a European Albania (ASHE) AK FRD Participation
NOA Agency[17] May 2013 58.8% 41.2% 8177
Albeu[18] May 2013 42.5% 43.3% 8.5% 3.4% 20 886

Conduct[edit]

The Central Election Commission was criticised for not replacing three of the seven member committee who had resigned in April following a dispute between the government and the opposition.

On election day, a shootout occurred in Laç resulting in the death of the LSI activist Gjon Pjeter Gjoni and injuring the PD candidate Mhill Fufi.[19]

Results[edit]

Alliance Party Votes % Seats +/–
Alliance
for a
European
Albania
Socialist Party 713,407 41.36 65 0
Socialist Movement for Integration 180,470 10.46 16 +12
Unity for Human Rights Party 14,722 0,85 1 0
Social Democracy Party of Albania 11,891 0.69 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Albania 10,220 0.59 0 0
People's Alliance 8,927 0.52 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 7,993 0,46 1 New
Real Socialist Party 91 6,135 0.36 0 0
Democratic Party for Integration and Prosperity 4,550 0.26 0 New
National Arbnore Alliance 3,575 0.21 0 New
Moderated Socialist Party 3,119 0.18 0 New
G99 2,977 0.17 0 0
Law and Justice Party 2,489 0.14 0 0
Albanian Future Party 2,284 0.13 0 New
Party for the Defence of the Rights of the Emigrants 2,275 0.13 0 0
Albanian Social Labour Party 2,174 0.13 0 New
Green Party 2,084 0.12 0 0
Albanian Party of Democratic Reforms 1,371 0.08 0 0
Albanian Communist Party of 8 November 1,352 0,08 0 New
Party of the Liberal Right Thought 1,210 0.07 0 New
Democratic Movement for Change 1,159 0.07 0 New
Albanian Labour Party 955 0.06 0 New
Albanian Communist Party 901 0.05 0 New
Path of Freedom Party 808 0.05 0 0
Alliance for European Equality and Justice 728 0.04 0 New
Reorganised Albanian Labour Party 622 0,03 0 New
Albanian Homeland Party 555 0.03 0 New
Albanian National Reconciliation Party 545 0.03 0 New
National Unity Party 513 0.03 0 New
Albanian Movement for Justice 508 0.03 0 New
Albanian Republican Unon 489 0.03 0 New
Albanian Affairs Party 476 0.03 0 New
Party of Disabled People 459 0.03 0 New
Environmental Party 452 0.03 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 416 0.02 0 New
Albanian Workers Movement Party 316 0.02 0 New
New Tolerance Party 287 0.02 0 0
Total 993,904 57.63 83
Alliance for
Employment,
Prosperity
and
Integration
Democratic Party 528,373 30.63 50 –18
Republican Party 52,168 3.02 3 +2
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity 44,957 2.61 4 +3
Christian Democratic Party 13,288 0.77 0 0
Legality and Unity of the Right 6,089 0.35 0 0
Movement for National Development 5,429 0.31 0 0
National Front Party 4,868 0.28 0 0
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority 3,305 0.19 0 New
Liberal Democratic Union 2,681 0.16 0 0
Environmentalist Agrarian Party 2,640 0.15 0 0
Albanian Emigration Party 2,325 0.13 0 New
New Albania Movement 2,320 0.13 0 New
Democratic National Front Party 2,242 0.13 0 0
Democratic Alliance Party 1,384 0.08 0 0
Macedonian Alliance for European Integration 1,229 0.07 0 0
Albanian Christian Democratic Movement 1,190 0.07 0 New
Alliance for Democracy and Solidarity 1,065 0.06 0 0
New European Democracy Party 970 0.06 0 0
Time of Albania 770 0.04 0 New
Party of the Real Albanian Path 635 0.04 0 New
Conservative Party 633 0.04 0 0
Albanian Democratic Union Party 606 0.04 0 New
Party of Denied Rights 554 0.03 0 New
New Party of Denied Rights 550 0.03 0 0
Peoples Union of Albanian Retirees Party 406 0.02 0 New
Total 680,677 39.46 57
New Democratic Spirit 29,310 1.70 0 New
Red and Black Alliance 10,196 0.59 0 New
League for Justice and Progress 1,068 0.06 0 New
Christian Democratic People's Party of Albania 416 0.02 0 New
Independents 9,208 0.53 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 24,099
Total 1,748,898 100 140 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,271,885 53.52
Source: CEC, IFES

Aftermath[edit]

Main article: Rama Government

Early on election day both Sali Berisha and Edi Rama claimed victory.[19] On 25 June, Edi Rama gave his victory speech saying, "I will be your prime minister, but also your prime servant. The duty will be mine; the authority will be yours."[20] On 26 June, after vote counting was finally complete, the outgoing Prime Minister, Sali Berisha, publicly accepted the result, took responsibility for the loss, resigned from his functions in the Democratic Party, and wished his opponent well in his new duties.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Country Profile: Albania". IFES Election Guide. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Robinson, Matt (25 June 2013). "Albanians hand Socialists a landslide, wait on PM to concede". Reuters. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Berisha jep dorëheqjen". Top Channel. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  4. ^ Koleka, Benet (26 June 2013). "Albanian leader concedes defeat, soothes fears of poll dispute". Yahoo. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  5. ^ Election Profile IFES
  6. ^ Inter-Parliamentary Union. "IPU PARLINE database: ALBANIA (Kuvendi), Electoral system". ipu.org. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  7. ^ "Lista shumemërore". CEC. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  8. ^ "Zgjedhjet 2013, sondazhi i parë - Top Channel". top-channel.tv. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  9. ^ "Sondazhi në Tiranë, PS fiton 37.1% të votave, PD 31.0% të votave | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  10. ^ "Sondazh i “Albstat”: PS 40.4 për qind, gjithë opozita 60 për qind | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  11. ^ "Sondazhi i dytë i AlbStat: PD ka vetëm 31.2%, PS ka 41.2% të votave | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  12. ^ "SONDAZHI i dytë i Kult: PS merr 41%, PD merr 30% dhe AK është pranë 15% | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  13. ^ "Sondazhi i Soros për zgjedhjet: Fiton Partia Demokratike. Rritet numri i abstenuesve. | GAZETA REPUBLIKA". gazetarepublika.al. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  14. ^ a b "SONDAZHI i Piepolit: Koalicioni i majtë 50.5%, koalicioni i djathtë 42%. Në Tiranë diferenca shkon 12 pikë | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  15. ^ a b "time.al - Sondazhi i "IPR Marketing" e "Ora News", sot të dhënat në rang kombëtar dhe për Fierin - Na ndiqni ne, të ndiqni lajmet". time.ikub.al. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  16. ^ a b c "Sondazhi i Piepoli: E majta merr 73 mandate, e djathta 66 mandate, FRD 1 mandat | Gazeta Tema". gazetatema.net. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  17. ^ "NOA Lajme - Agjencia Kombëtare e Lajmeve". noa.al. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  18. ^ "Portali Albeu.com, Lajmet e fundit, sport, shqiperi, kosove, maqedoni -". albeu.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  19. ^ a b "Violence mars Albania's general election". Al Jazeera. 23 June 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  20. ^ "Rama: Unë, Kryeministri dhe kryeshërbëtori juaj". Top Channel. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013.