Albanian wine

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Albanian wine varieties in Albania

The wine of Albania is characterized by its unique sweetness and indigenous varieties. Albania produced an estimated 17,500 tonnes of wine in 2009.[1] During communism, the production area expanded to some 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres).[2]

History[edit]

Grape plants along a footpath in Lin, Albania

Antiquity[edit]

Albania has one of Europe's longest histories of viticulture.[2] Ancient Roman writer Pliny describes Albanian wine as "very sweet or luscious" and refers to it as "[taking] the third rank among all the wines".[3] Albanian families are traditionally known to grow grapes in their gardens for producing wine and Rakia.

Communism up to present[edit]

During the communist rule, almost all plantations were dedicated to export.[2] After the collapse of communism, many new wineries were opened by expats returning home from Italy and other countries.

Wine regions[edit]

Albania is divided into four wine producing regions:[2]

  • Western lowland,
  • Central hilly region
  • Eastern sub mountainous region
  • Highlands

Wineries[edit]

Sheshi i Zi native variety

Some of the most important wineries (Albanian: kantina) in Albania include Rilindja, Skenderbeu, Çobo, Luani, Bardha, Arberi, Sara, Vintage, Kardinal, and Kokomani.

Preferences[edit]

According to Nasse and Zigori (1968) the best native Albanian wine varieties are Debine (noir and blanche), Kallmet, Mereshnik, Mjaltez, Serine (rouge and blanche), Shesh i Bardhe, and Vlosh.[4] The best wine producing areas are around Berat, Korca, Tirana, Durres and between Lezha and Shkodra.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wine production (tons)". Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 28. Archived from the original on 20 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-18. 
  2. ^ a b c d http://www.winealbania.com Wine Albania Portal
  3. ^ The Laws of Fermentation and the Wines of the Ancients. Bronson Press. p. 41. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  4. ^ "The technology of wine making". Avi Pub. Co. p. 42. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 
  5. ^ Albania. Bradt. p. 42. Retrieved 2011-04-10. 

External links[edit]