Albanians in Serbia

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Albanians in Serbia
Shqiptarët në Serbi
Албанци у Србији
Odissea Bekim Fehmiu.jpg
Donika Nuhiu - charity concert in Macedonia.jpg
Total population
c. 60,000-80,000
61,467 (2002 census)
Regions with significant populations
 Serbia
Preševo 31,098
Bujanovac 23,681
Medveđa 3,832
Belgrade 1,492
Languages
Albanian
Religion
Islam (majority)
Bektashi and Atheism (minority)
Related ethnic groups
Other Albanians
Part of a series on
Albanians
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Nation
Communities
Balkans
Diaspora
Subgroups
Albanian culture
Albanian language
Dialects
Religion
History

An estimate of 60,000-80,000[1][2][3][4] Albanians live in Serbia out of whom majority live in the municipalities of Preševo (Albanian: Preshevë), Bujanovac (Albanian: Bujanoc), and part of the municipality of Medveđa (Albanian: Medvegjë). According to the results of the 2002 Census, there are 61,467 Albanians in Serbia. However, in 2011, most Albanians boycotted the census, which resulted in only 5,809 Albanians being recorded as living in Serbia.[5]

Geography[edit]

In the municipalities of Preševo and Bujanovac Albanians form the majority of population (89.1% in Preševo and 54.69% in Bujanovac according to the 2002 census). In the municipality of Medveđa, Albanians are second largest ethnic group (after Serbs), and their participation in this municipality was 28.67% in 1991 and 26.17% in 2002.[6] The region of Bujanovac and Preševo is widely known as the Preševo Valley (Serbian: Прешевска Долина, Preševska Dolina, Albanian: Lugina e Preshevës).

History[edit]

In 1992, the Albanians of southern Serbia organized a referendum in which they voted that Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac should join Kosovo.[citation needed] Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian guerilla organization, the Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac (in Albanian Ushtria Çlirimtare e Preshevës, Medvegjës dhe Bujanocit, UÇPMB), was operational in this region with a goal to secede these three municipalities from the FR Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo upon achieving independence. The activities attracted less international media interest than the related events of Kosovo and Macedonia.

Since then, the Albanian Coalition from Preševo Valley has gained representation in the National Assembly of Serbia where it holds two seats.

Culture[edit]

Education in Albanian is provided for primary and secondary schools. There may be some university-level courses provided in Albanian, in the capital of Serbia, Belgrade, but students mainly do their university degree in the University of Prishtina in Kosovo, in Macedonia, or in Albanian Universities.

The main religion of Albanians in this region is Islam. Prior to the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans, the population of the Presevo Valley was mostly Roman Catholic. There are still Catholic churches in the Karadak villages, located in Kosovo today.

Prominent Individuals[edit]

History and Politics[edit]

  • Riza Halimi - politician and former Mayor of Preševo municipality.
  • Jonuz Musliu - head of the UCPMB political wing.

Music and Entertainment[edit]

Sports[edit]

Belgrade[edit]

Belgrade, has an Albanian community. In the census of 1981, 8,212 Albanians were registered. In 1991 there lived only 4,985 Albanians in Belgrade. After the Kosovo War this number decreased to 1,492.

Year 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002
Albanians 1,137 3,262 8,262 6,978 8,212 4,985 1,492

Notable Albanians associated with Belgrade include: Faruk Begolli, Bekim Fehmiu, and Zana Nimani.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South Serbia Albanians Seek Community of Municipalities". Retrieved 17 July 2013. South Serbia is home to 50,000 or so Albanians. 
  2. ^ Partos, Gabriel (2 February 2001). "Presevo valley tension". BBC. Retrieved 14 January 2015. Initially, the guerrillas' publicly acknowledged objective was to protect the local ethnic Albanian population of some 70,000 people from the repressive actions of the Serb security forces. 
  3. ^ "The Presevo Valley of Southern Serbia alongside Kosovo The Case for Decentralisation and Minority Protection". Retrieved 24 October 2013. The total population of the Valley is around 86,000 inhabitants of whom around 57,000 are Albanians and the rest are Serbs and Roma 
  4. ^ "Yugoslavia: Serbia Offers Peace Plan For Presevo Valley". Retrieved 24 October 2013. The Serbian peace proposal calls for integrating the Presevo valley's 70,000 ethnic Albanian residents into mainstream Serbian political and social life. 
  5. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Ethnicity". Belgrade: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2015. 
  6. ^ Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 2003. ISBN 86-84433-00-9. 

External links[edit]