Johann Erich Thunmann in the 18th century was probably the first Albanologist. He supported the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians and also presented the Illyrian origin theory. Later on Gustav Meyer proved that Albanian was part of the Indo-European family.
The studies of Albanology were more institutionally supported in Albania starting in 1940 with the opening of the Royal Institute of the Albanian Studies, which had preceded the Academy of Sciences of Albania, opened in 1972. Meanwhile, during the 1960s, the Albanology Institute of Pristina was also founded in Kosovo, then part of Yugoslavia. The institute emerged from its core founded in 1953.
- Johann Erich Thunmann (1746-1778)
- Johann Georg von Hahn (1811–1869)
- Vinkentij Makušev (1837—1883)
- Gustav Meyer (1850–1900)
- Ludwig von Thallóczy (1854–1916)
- Theodor Ippen (1861–1935)
- Edith Durham (1863–1944)
- Carl Patsch (1865–1945)
- Nicolae Iorga (1871–1940)
- Gjergj Pekmezi (1872–1938)
- Norbert Jokl (1877–1942)
- Franz Nopcsa von Felső-Szilvás (1877–1933)
- Milan von Šufflay (1879–1931)
- Marie Amelie von Godin (1882–1956)
- Maximilian Lambertz (1882–1963)
- Margaret Hasluck (1885–1948)
- Giuseppe Valentini (1900–1979)
- Carlo Tagliavini (1903–1982)
- Stuart Edward Mann (1905–1986)
- Eqrem Çabej (1908–1980)
- Georg Stadtmüller (1909–1985)
- Namik Resuli (1908–1985)
- Georg Stadtmüller (1909—1985)
- Eric P. Hamp (*1920)
- Martin Camaj (1925–1992)
- Shaban Demiraj (*1920)
- Wilfried Fiedler (* 1933)
- Kaplan Burovich (* 1934)
- Xhevat Lloshi (* 1937)
- Peter Schubert (1938–2003; last ambassador from East Germany in Tirana)
- Robert Elsie (* 1950)
- Vladimir Orel (* 1952)
- Michael Schmidt-Neke (* 1956)
- Ardian Klosi (1957–2012)
- Marko Snoj (*1959)
- Joachim Matzinger (* 1968)
- Lucia Nadin
- Matteo Mandalà
- Elsie, Robert (19 March 2010). Historical Dictionary of Albania. Scarecrow Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-8108-7380-3. "Johann Erich Thunmann (1746—1778) of the University of Halle first disseminated the theory of the autochthony of the Albanians"
- Schwandner-Sievers, Stephanie; Fischer, Bernd Jürgen (2002). Albanian Identities: Myth and History. Indiana University Press. p. 75. ISBN 0-253-34189-2. "Although the first major exposition of the Illyrian theory, published by the German scholar Johann Thunmann in 1774..."
- Stipčević, Aleksandar (1977). The Illyrians: history and culture. Noyes Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-8155-5052-5. "The first one who clearly formulated the thesis of the Illyrian origin of the Albanians, was the German historian Johannes Thunmann in the eighteenth century."
- Philip Baldi (1983). An Introduction to the Indo-European Languages. SIU Press. pp. 87–88. ISBN 978-0-8093-1091-3. "In fact, Albanian was not established definitively Indo-European until the latter part of the nineteenth century, when certain structural and lexical correspondences that demonstrated the Indo-European character of the language were noted (especially by Gustav Meyer)"
- Spiro J. Shetuni (2011). Albanian Traditional Music: An Introduction, with Sheet Music and Lyrics for 48 Songs. McFarland. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7864-8630-4. "In the 1960s, the Albanology Institute of Prishtinë was founded in Kosovo."
- Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1. "The core of the present Albanological Institute was founded on 1 June 1953 with four staff members: Ilhami Nimani, Selman Riza,"