Albany (London)

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"The Albany" redirects here. For the theatre in Deptford, see The Albany Theatre. For other uses, see Albany (disambiguation).
The Albany
Albany Courtyard.JPG
The Albany in 2014
Albany (London) is located in Central London
Albany (London)
Location within Central London
Former names Melbourne House
Alternative names Albany
Etymology Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
General information
Type Residential apartment block
Location Piccadilly, London
Country United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°30′32″N 0°8′19″W / 51.50889°N 0.13861°W / 51.50889; -0.13861Coordinates: 51°30′32″N 0°8′19″W / 51.50889°N 0.13861°W / 51.50889; -0.13861
Current tenants Various
Construction started 1770
Completed 1774
Owner Various
Design and construction
Architect Sir William Chambers
Henry Holland
Listed Building – Grade I

The Albany, or simply Albany, is an apartment complex in Piccadilly, London.

Building[edit]

The Albany was built in 1770–74 by Sir William Chambers for Viscount Melbourne as Melbourne House. It is a three-storey mansion, seven bays (windows) wide, with a pair of service wings flanking a front courtyard. In 1791, Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany abandoned Dover House, Whitehall (now a government office), and took up residence. In 1802 the Duke gave up the house and it was converted by Henry Holland into 69 bachelor apartments (known as "sets"). This was achieved by subdividing the main block and the two service wings, and by adding two parallel sets of buildings running the length of the garden.

History[edit]

Since its conversion, the Albany has been a well-known and prestigious set of bachelor apartments in London. The residents have included such famous names as the poet Lord Byron and the future Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone, and numerous members of the aristocracy.

During World War 2, one of the buildings received significant damage from a German bomb, but was reconstructed after the war to appear as an exact replica.[1]

Residents no longer have to be bachelors, although children under the age of 14 are not permitted to live there.[2]

Ownership and governance[edit]

The apartments or "sets" are individually owned, with the owners known as "Proprietors"; a set that came up for sale in 2007 had an advertised guide price of £2 million.[3]

Around half the sets are owned by Peterhouse, a college of the University of Cambridge.[1] These were acquired by William Stone (1857–1958) during World War 2.[4] Stone, nicknamed the "Squire of Piccadilly", was a former scholar of Peterhouse, a bachelor and a life-long resident of the Albany.[5] He bequeathed 37 sets to the college,[5] along with other endowments.[4]

The Albany is governed by a Board of Trustees on behalf of the Proprietors. The annual rent of a set can be as much as £50,000 and prospective tenants are vetted by a committee before being allowed to take up residence.[2]

Name[edit]

Drawing by Thomas H. Shepherd, c.1830

The names "Albany" and "the Albany" have both been used. The rules adopted in 1804 laid down that "the Premises mentioned in the foregoing Articles shall be called Albany". Both names have been used in the 19th and 20th centuries. In a 1958 review of a book about the building, Peace in Piccadilly, The Times wrote, "Albany or the Albany? It has long been a snobbish test of intimate knowledge of the West End. If one was in use, a man could feel superior by using the other. When G. S. Street wrote The Ghosts of Piccadilly in 1907, he said that 'the Albany' was then 'universal', but that to the earliest tenants it was 'Albany'."[6]

In fiction[edit]

An early use of the building in fiction was the 1848 novel, The Bachelor of the Albany by Marmion Wilard Savage. Mr Fledgeby, a character in Charles Dickens' 1865 novel, Our Mutual Friend is described as living there. Several scenes from the book take place in his apartment.

In Oscar Wilde's 1895 play, The Importance of Being Ernest, the character John (Jack) Worthing has a set at the Albany (number B.4), where he lives while staying in London under the assumed name of Ernest. A. J. Raffles, the gentleman burglar created by E. W. Hornung lived at the Albany, as did Roger Sheringham, the amateur detective in the works of Anthony Berkeley Cox. In the 1949 film Kind Hearts and Coronets, Louis Mazzini takes a small set at Albany as he moves up the social ladder.

Tenants[edit]

The list below is based mainly on the much longer list in the Survey of London. Many tenants were in residence for only a short time, when they were quite young.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arthurs, William. "Philip Bobbitt on life in Albany". London Society Journal. London Society. Retrieved December 10, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Ingerfield, Mark (10 April 2004). "A cluster of salubrious solitudes". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Historic Albany set for sale". http://www.easier.com/. 16 August 2007. Retrieved December 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "The William Stone Society". Peterhouse College. Retrieved December 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Kloester, Jennifer (2011). Georgette Heyer Biography. Random House. p. 248. ISBN 1446473368. 
  6. ^ "Designed for Living", The Times, 26 June 1958, p. 13

External links[edit]