Three examples were ordered in November 1916, but only one was flown, which was tested with several types of propeller, but excessive vibration problems and limited performance increase precluded further development.
Though two D.IVs were destroyed after the Armistice, one was retained by the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fur Luftfahrt (German Aeronautical Experimental Institute) and in 1926 was modified for high altitude flight research. Changes included longer span, reinforced wings, revised empennage and a propeller specifically designed for operation at height, driven by a 119 kW (160 hp) Siemens-Halske Sh.IIIarotary engine. This aircraft, now designated the Albatros H.1, was never flown as it was judged to be structurally vulnerable. Its wingless fuselage and engine are on display at the Polish Aviation Museum at Crakow.