|Studio album by Vangelis|
|Recorded||Nemo Studios, London, 1976|
|Genre||Electronic, Progressive rock|
|Length||42:30 (9 Tracks)|
Albedo 0.39 is an album by the artist Vangelis, released in 1976. It is a concept album around space and space physics. Albedo 0.39 was the second album produced by Vangelis in Nemo Studios, London, which was his creative base until the late 1980s. It contrasts with his previous album, Heaven and Hell, which was classically inspired and choral, while Albedo 0.39 has blues and jazz overtones.
A planet's albedo is the proportion of the light it receives that is reflected back into space. The album title refers to the average albedo value of the planet Earth as it was in 1976. From the explanation on the back of the LP cover : "The reflecting power of a planet or other non-luminous body. A perfect reflector would have an Albedo of 100%. The Earth's Albedo is 39%, or 0.39".
Due to a variety of solar, atmospheric, electromagnetic, seasonal, and pollution issues, Earth's albedo value is in constant flux. See Sources, below, for data pertaining to the issue.
Vangelis plays all instruments. Although it is uncertain which synthesizers Vangelis employs on this album, other instruments include acoustic drums, bass, percussion, a xylophone, a gamelan (track 2) and recordings of the speaking clock (courtesy of Post Office communications) and the Apollo moon landing (courtesy of NASA). It appears Vangelis alternates synthesizer and acoustic basses on different tracks.
The only vocal is the narrative on the title track, which is uncredited. It was later revealed to be the voice of Vangelis' sound engineer, Keith Spencer-Allen.
"Pulstar" (possibly a portmanteau of "pulsar" and "star") was to be the most popular track, building on a synthesizer pulse sequence, a main line and various other synthesizer brass lines. It ends with a recording of the speaking clock.
"Freefall" builds on a gamelan sequence and a synthesizer line.
"Main sequence" is propelled by a pulsed synthesizer sequence, along which drums-based jazz track develops. It calms down and flows into the next song.
"Sword of Orion", built on an arpeggio chord, melody, and percussion.
On "Alpha", Vangelis employs a composing technique he would use extensively on later albums (e.g. Direct): a simple theme of a few bars is developed through increasingly complex instrumentation. Instruments include a slow synthesizer arpeggio, synthesizer mallet melody line, xylophone, percussion and (later) acoustic drums. It is a rather upbeat piece.
The "Nucleogenesis" suite is a collage that conveys a somewhat darker mood, employing a church organ, an organ synthesizer pulse, various lines of Vangelis' patent synthesizer brass, acoustic drums and basses. Although hard to classify, the pieces appear to hold a ground between classical, fusion and progressive rock.
The title track, "Albedo 0.39" is an atmospheric track building on waxing and waning synthesizer chords and arpeggios, while a voice, reputedly the album's engineer Keith Spencer-Allen, narrates various physical properties of the Earth, such as its mass, length of the year in various measurements, and, finally, its albedo.
All songs written and arranged by Vangelis
|5.||"Sword of Orion"||2:05|
|7.||"Nucleogenesis (Part One)"||6:15|
|8.||"Nucleogenesis (Part Two)"||5:50|
- Vangelis — synthesizers, keyboards, bass, drums
- Keith Spencer-Allen — engineer
The album reached number 18 in UK Album Charts
Appearances in other media
- "Pulstar" was used as the theme music for a children's BBC television programme, Horses Galore. It was also used as an early theme tune for ESPN's SportsCenter and ABS-CBN's news programs TV Patrol and The World Tonight. Some local newscasts used Pulstar as theme music, including WNEV in Boston, CBLT in Toronto and CBMT Newswatch in Montreal. Pulstar is also the name of an arcade shoot 'em-up published by SNK in 1995. In Brazil it appeared on a TV ad for the cigarette brand Advance, in a high-tech styled, three-minute long clip by director João Daniel Tikomiroff involving several cigarettes rolling and moving to make geometric shapes. It was an instantaneous success due to its vanguard look for the time.
- Excerpts from "Pulstar" and "Alpha" can be heard on episodes of Carl Sagan's documentary series Cosmos, along with several other Vangelis themes. "Alpha" was used over animation illustrating evolutionary theory, with the music's climax timed to coincide with the appearance and achievements of humans.
- An excerpt from "Pulstar" was used as the title track in the 2009 BBC documentary Micro Men.
- Excerpts from "Pulstar" and "Alpha" were used in the 1980 film Death of a Princess. Despite the controversy over the film that outraged the government of Saudi Arabia, two tracks of its music (namely, 'Pulstar' and 'Alpha') were used for a long time as background music for interludes on Saudi national TV.
- "Alpha" was used in the 1981 XXX movie American Desire.
- In Spain, "Pulstar" was used by Cadena COPE radio station as a ident of their news services.
- Album lyrics
- 'Vangelis Movements' Web page entry
- "Elsewhere" Web page entry
- "Inside the Synth lab" interview with Keith Spencer-Allen
- "Albedo" information — 1, 2, 3