Albert, 4th duc de Broglie

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Albert, duc de Broglie
Debrogli.jpg
34th Prime Minister of France
In office
24 May 1873 – 22 May 1874
Preceded by Jules Dufaure
Succeeded by Ernest Courtot de Cissey
39th Prime Minister of France
In office
17 May 1877 – 23 November 1877
Preceded by Jules Simon
Succeeded by Gaëtan de Rochebouët
Personal details
Born 13 June 1821
Died 19 January 1901(1901-01-19) (aged 79)
Political party Orléanist

Jacques-Victor-Albert, 4th duc de Broglie (French pronunciation: ​[albɛʁ dəˈbʁœj]; 13 June 1821 – 19 January 1901) was a French monarchist politician.

Biography[edit]

Albert de Broglie was born in Paris, France, the eldest son of Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, a liberal statesman of the July Monarchy,[1] and Albertine, baroness Staël von Holstein, the fourth child of Madame de Staël.[citation needed]

After a brief diplomatic career at Madrid and Rome, the revolution of 1848 caused Albert de Broglie to withdraw from public life and devote himself to literature. He had already published a translation of the religious system of Leibniz (1846). He now at once made his mark by his contributions to the Revue des deux mondes and the Orleanist and clerical organ Le Correspondant. These, and other contributions, brought him the succession to Lacordaire's seat in the Académie française in 1862, joining his father in this august society.[1]

In 1870 he succeeded his father as 4th duc de Broglie, having previously been known as prince de Broglie. In the following year he was elected to the National Assembly for the département of the Eure, and a few days later (on 19 February) was appointed ambassador in London.[2]

In March 1872, however, in consequence of criticisms of his negotiations concerning the commercial treaties between Britain and France, he resigned his post and took his seat in the Assembly, where he became the leading spirit of the monarchical campaign against President Thiers.[3]

On the replacement of the latter by Marshal Mac-Mahon, the duc de Broglie became President of the Council and Minister for Foreign Affairs (May 1873), but in the reconstruction of the ministry on 26 November, after the passing of the septennate, transferred himself to become the Minister of the Interior. His tenure of office was marked by an extreme conservatism, which roused the bitter hatred of the Republicans, while he alienated the Legitimist party by his friendly relations with the Bonapartists, and the Bonapartists by an attempt to effect a compromise between the rival claimants to the monarchy.[3]

The result was the fall of the cabinet on 16 May 1874. Three years later (on 16 May 1877) he was entrusted with the formation of a new cabinet, with the object of appealing to the country and securing a new chamber more favorable to the reactionaries than its predecessor had been. The result, however, was a decisive Republican majority. The duc de Broglie was defeated in his own district, and resigned office on 20 November. Defeated in 1885, he abandoned politics and reverted to his historical work, publishing a series of historical studies and biographies. He died in Paris on 19 January 1901, aged 79.[3]

1st Ministry (25 May – 26 November 1873)[edit]

2nd Ministry (26 November 1873 – 22 May 1874)[edit]

  • Duc de Broglie – President of the Council and Minister of the Interior
  • Louis Decazes – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • François Claude du Barail – Minister of War
  • Pierre Magne – Minister of Finance
  • Octave Depeyre – Minister of Justice
  • Charles Dompierre d'Hormoy – Minister of Marine and Colonies
  • Oscar Bardi de Fourtou – Minister of Public Instruction, Fine Arts, and Worship
  • Charles de Larcy – Minister of Public Works
  • Alfred Deseilligny – Minister of Agriculture and Commerce

3rd Ministry (17 May – 23 November 1877)[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

He edited:[3]

  • The Souvenirs of his father (1886, etc.)
  • The Mémoires de Talleyrand (1891, etc.)
  • Letters of the Duchess Albertine de Broglie (1896)

He published:[3]

  • Le Secret du roi, Correspondance secrète de Louis XV avec ses agents diplomatiques, 1752–1774 (1878)
  • Frédéric II et Marie Thérèse (1883)
  • Frédéric II et Louis XV (1885)
  • Marie Thérèse Impératrice (1888)
  • Le Père Lacordaire (1889)
  • Maurice de Saxe et le marquis d'Argenson (1891)
  • La Paix d'Aix-la-Chapelle (1892)
  • L'Alliance autrichienne (1895)
  • La Mission de M. de Gontaut-Biron à Berlin (1896)
  • Voltaire avant et pendant la Guerre de Sept Ans (1898)
  • Saint Ambroise (trans., Margaret Maitland in the series, The Saints) (1899)

Family[edit]

Portrait of Princesse Albert de Broglie, née Joséphine-Eléonore-Marie-Pauline de Galard de Brassac de Béarn (1853) by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres.

On 18 June 1845, Broglie married Joséphine-Eléonore-Marie-Pauline de Galard de Brassac de Béarn (1825–1860).[4]

They had the following children:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, p. 627.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911, pp. 627, 628.
  3. ^ a b c d e Chisholm 1911, p. 628.
  4. ^ Tinterow, Gary; Conisbee, Philip; Naef, Hans (1999). Portraits by Ingres: Image of an Epoch. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 447. ISBN 0-8109-6536-4

References[edit]

Attribution

Further reading[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Comte de Rémusat
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1873
Succeeded by
Louis Decazes
Preceded by
Charles Beulé
Minister of the Interior
1873–1874
Succeeded by
Oscar Bardi de Fourtou
Preceded by
Louis Martel
Minister of Justice
1877
Succeeded by
François Le Pelletier