Albert Avogadro

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Saint Albert Avogadro
4545 - Milano - S. Maria d. Carmine - Sant'Alberto - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto, 3-Jan-2008.jpg
Albert Avogadro. Madonna del Carmine, Milan.
Patriarch of Jerusalem
Born 1149
Parma, Italy
Died 14 September 1214
Akko (Acre), Palestine
Honored in
Roman Catholic Church
Feast 17 September

Saint Albert Avogadro, commonly known as St. Albert of Jerusalem, (1149 – 14 September 1214) was a Catholic canon lawyer who served as Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem from 1204 until his death.

Born in Parma, Italy, Albert was educated in theology and law and served as Bishop of Bobbio until 1184, when he was appointed as Bishop of Vercelli. He served the Papacy as a mediator and diplomat between Pope Clement III and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. He served as papal legate in 1199 and helped end the war between Parma and Piacenza, Italy.

In 1204 he was named Patriarch of Jerusalem by Pope Innocent III, whom he also served as papal legate in the Holy Land. As Patriarch he helped found the Carmelite Order around 1209, in particular by his composition of what came to be called the Carmelite Rule of St. Albert. This order was based on Mount Carmel, across the Bay of Haifa from Acre where he resided as Patriarch.[1] Additionally he mediated in disputes between the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus and between the Knights Templar and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. In 1214 he had been invited to the Fourth Lateran Council, but a disgruntled cleric assassinated him "in the Church of Saint John of Acre while he was part of the procession"[2] in Acre, Palestine on the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.

He was succeeded by Raoul of Merencourt.

St. Albert Avogadro is commemorated on 17 September in the Roman Catholic Church.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Soffred
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
1204–1214
Succeeded by
Raoul of Merencourt

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Online, "St. Albert of Jerusalem"
  2. ^ "Carmelite Calendar", at Sr. Helena of Mary, O.Carm, "St. Albert of Jerusalem, Law-Giver of Carmel"