Albert Calmes

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Albert Calmes, born 26 February 1881 in Paris and died 22 September 1967 in Luxembourg city, was a Luxembourgish economist and historian.

He was one of the first people to return to Luxembourg with a doctorate in economics. Previously he had taught at universities in Germany and Switzerland. He became a director of ARBED and received the title Ministre plénipotentiaire honoraire.

As a historian, he dealt primarily with the history of Luxembourg in the 19th century.

He was the father of Christian Calmes.

Works[edit]

  • Histoire contemporaine du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg in 5 volumes:
    • Vol. I - Naissance et débuts du Grand-Duché (1814-1830); Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1971 (new version of a previous work that was published in 1932 in Brussels; edited by Christian Calmes); 569 pages
    • Vol. II - Le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg dans la Révolution belge (1830-1839); Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1982 (new edition; 1st edition: Brussels, 1939); 423 pages
    • Vol. III - La restauration de Guillaume Ier, roi des Pays-Bas - L'ère Hassenpflug (1839-1840); Brussels (L'Édition universelle) and Luxembourg (Saint-Paul), 1947; 424 pages
    • Vol. IV - La création d'un État (1841-1847); Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1983 (new edition; 1st edition 1954); 473 pages
    • Vol. V - La Révolution de 1848 au Luxembourg; Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1982 (new edition; 1st edition 1957); 301 pages

Christian Calmes later continued this series with four volumes (Vol. 7, Vol. 8, Vol. 10 and Vol. 11). He also wrote a Vol. 12 (1815-1989). Volumes 6 and 9 were never written.

  • Au fil de l'histoire (3 volumes by Albert Calmes; series was continued by Christian Calmes) :
    • Vol. I - Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1968 (new edition 1979); 286 pages
    • Vol. II - Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1988 (3rd edition); 305 pages
    • Vol. III (with Christian Calmes)- Luxembourg, Saint-Paul, 1972 (2nd edition); 273 pages
  • Das Geldsystem des Grossherzogtums Luxemburg; Leipzig, 1907.
  • La comptabilité industrielle, Payot, Paris, 1922.
  • Der Zollanschluss des Grossherzogtums Luxemburg an Deutschland; 2 volumes, Luxembourg, Joseph Beffort, 1919 :
    • Vol. I - Der Eintritt Luxemburgs in den Deutschen Zollverein (1839 -1842);
    • Vol. II - Die Fortdauer des Anschlusses und seine Lösung (1842-1918).

Legacy[edit]

Rue Albert Calmes in Luxembourg city is named after him.

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bulletin d'information", Service Information et Presse, 31 July 1950, p. 26
  2. ^ Ordre de la Couronne de chêne 1960, Mémorial A, No. 17, 1960

Further reading[edit]

  • Jacques Maas, La révolution de 1848 n'a pas eu lieu - L'historiographie de tradition orangiste et l'oeuvre d'Albert Calmes; in: forum (Luxembourg), No. 185 (July 1998), p. 52-53.