8 July 1919|
Istanbul, Ottoman Empire
|Died||7 September 1971
|School||Continental philosophy, Philosophical pessimism, existentialism|
|Nihilism, ethics, politics, art, aesthetics, religion, literature|
Albert Caraco (8 July 1919 – 7 September 1971) was a French-Uruguayan philosopher, writer, essayist and poet of Turkish Jewish descent. He is known for his two major works, Post Mortem (1968) and posthumously published Bréviaire du chaos (1982). He is often compared to the philosophers and writers such as Emil Cioran, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Nicolás Gómez Dávila and Friedrich Nietzsche.
Albert Caraco was born Istanbul on 8 July 1919 to a Sephardi Jewish family. His family relocated in Vienna, Prague and later in Berlin, before settling in Paris. He attended to Lycée Janson de Sailly and graduated from Ecole des Hautes Etudes Commerciales in 1939. At the same year, Caraco and his family fled to South America due to Nazi threat and approaching World War II. His family received Uruguayan citizenship and converted to Catholicism. In early 1940s, Caraco published a series of poems and plays.
In 1946, Caraco returned to Paris, where he spent the rest of his life. Inspired by monastic discipline, he devoted himself to writing, although he renounced his Catholic faith. His mother's death in 1969, which was widely documented in his work, Post mortem, had a negative effect on his state. On 7 September 1971, following his father's death, he committed suicide. Most of his unreleased works were posthumously published by L’Age d’Homme publishing company.
- Le livre des combats de l’âme (1949)
- L’école des intransigeants. Rébellion pour l’ordre (1952)
- Le désirable et le sublime. Phénoménologie de l’Apocalypse (1953)
- Foi, valeur et besoin, Paris 1957;
- Apologie d’Israël, vol. 1: Plaidoyer pour les indéfendables (1957)
- Apologie d’Israël, vol. 2: La marche à travers les ruines (1957)
- Huit essais sur le mal (1963,1979)
- Le tombeau de l’histoire (1966,1976)
- Les races et les classes (1967)
- Post mortem (1968)
- La luxure et la mort: relations de l’ordre et de la sexualité (1968)
- L’ordre et le sexe (1970)
- Obéissance ou servitude? (1974)
- Ma confession, Lausanne (1975)
- L’homme de lettres: un art d’écrire (1975)
- Bréviaire du chaos (1982)
- Supplément à la "Psychopathia sexualis" (1983)
- Ecrits sur la religion (1984)
- Semainier de l’incertitude (1994)
- La luxure et la mort (2000)
- Mystère d'Israël (2004).
- "Albert Caraco biography". illusioncity.net. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- "Breviario del caos". Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- Caraco, Albert (1982). Le Bréviaire du Chaos. Lausanne: L’Age d’Homme. ISBN 2825109894.
- "Albert Caraco" (in French). Retrieved 29 May 2014.
- Nucéra, Louis (4 May 1984). "Les agonies d'un réprouvé" (in French). Le Monde.