|Albert H Friedlander|
|Born||Albert Hoschander Friedlander
May 10, 1927
|Occupation||Rabbi, teacher, humanitarian, author|
|Spouse(s)||Evelyn Friedlander (m. 1961–death)|
|Children||Three: Noam, Michal & Ariel|
|Awards||OBE in 2001 for Interfaith work, Cross of Merit in 1993 for Anglo-Jewish relations|
Early life and education
Albert Friedlander was born on 10 May 1927 in Berlin, the son of a textile broker, Alex Friedlander (d. 1956) and Sali Friedlander (d. 1965).
Friedlander and his family remained in Germany until 1939, spending Kristallnacht hiding in the home of Christian friends in the suburbs. The family sailed to Cuba, and were on the last boat allowed to land before the MS St. Louis was sent away. The three Friedlander children: Albert, his twin Charles, and their sister Dorrit, were sent to separate foster homes in Mississippi. Their parents had to remain in Cuba until their visa numbers came up in the quota system. Eventually the family was reunited in Vicksburg.
Friedlander graduated from Carr Central High School, Vicksburg in 1944 at the age of 16, and was accepted immediately by the University of Chicago. While studying at college, he was also gaining a reputation as a long-distance runner. He had been a champion in Mississippi, and was able to run the mile in 4 minutes 30 seconds. The U of C coach suggested that he try out for the 1948 Olympic team, but he decided to concentrate on his studies instead, having made up his mind to enter rabbinic school upon gaining his Bachelor's degree. At the age of 18 Friedlander graduated from college and entered Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati to begin his path to the rabbinate. He was ordained with the class of 1952. While still at rabbinical school, he was part of the first group of students that took part in the National Federation of Temple Youth camps in Wisconsin, and remained committed to NFTY throughout his career.
From 1956 to 1961 he served as Rabbi for Temple B'nai B'rith, a Reform synagogue founded in 1845 and located in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. During his tenure there he also served as a part-time faculty member for Wilkes College (now university). He then left for a position as advisor to Jewish students at Columbia University in New York City, where he gained a Ph. D in theology, writing on the work of Rabbi Leo Baeck. He also became very involved in the fight for civil rights, taking his students down to Memphis to march with Dr. Martin Luther King. In 1966, he moved with his family to London, to become the rabbi of Wembley Liberal Synagogue, and teach at the Leo Baeck College. In 1971 he was invited to follow Rabbi Harold Reinhart and serve the Westminster Synagogue in Knightsbridge, London. He remained there until his retirement, upon which he was created Rabbi Emeritus. In 1993 he was awarded the Bundesverdienstkreuz (the Order of Merit) from the German government and in 2001 he became the first overseas-born Rabbi to be awarded an OBE.
From 1975–1995 he was the Vice President for the World Union for Progressive Judaism. He was chairman of the British branch of the World Conference of Religions for Peace (1990–94), committed to the Three Faiths Forum, and a president of the Council of Christians and Jews. He was also a lecturer at the Leo Baeck College from 1967–71, before becoming Director of Studies 1971–1982 and then Dean from 1982–2004. Friedlander was involved in many interfaith dialogues, both nationally and internationally. He spent a particular amount of time in the land of his birth, as a guest professor at many German universities, as a speaker and teacher at the Evangelischen Kirchentage and Katholikentage; and appeared regularly in various German media.
He died on 8 July 2004 in London, and is buried in the West London cemetery at Hoop Lane, Golders Green, surrounded by friends and congregants.
- "Never Trust A God Over 30" (1967)
- Leo Baeck: Teacher Of Theresienstadt (1968), 1991, ISBN 0-87951-393-4
- Out Of The Whirlwind: A Reader Of Holocaust Literature (1968)
- The Six Days Of Destruction (with Elie Wiesel, 1988)
- A Thread Of Gold: Journeys Towards Reconciliation (1990)
- Riders Towards The Dawn: From Ultimate Suffering To Tempered Hope (1993)
- Independent obituary by Rabbi Lionel Blue
- Guardian obituary
- Guardian appreciation by Hella Pick
- The Times obituary
- European Judaism obituary by Rabbi Jonathan Magonet