Albert Gregory Meyer

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His Eminence
Albert Gregory Meyer
Cardinal Archbishop of Chicago
Albert Gregory Meyer.jpg
See Chicago
Installed September 19, 1958
Term ended April 9, 1965
Predecessor Samuel Stritch
Successor John Cody
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere
Orders
Ordination July 11, 1926
by Basilio Pompilj
Consecration April 11, 1946
by Moses E. Kiley
Created Cardinal December 14, 1959
by John XXIII
Rank Cardinal-Priest
Personal details
Born (1903-03-09)March 9, 1903
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Died April 9, 1965(1965-04-09) (aged 62)
Chicago, Illinois
Previous post
Motto ADVENIAT REGNUM TUUM
(THY KINGDOM COME)
Coat of arms {{{coat_of_arms_alt}}}
Styles of
Albert Meyer
Coat of arms of Albert Gregory Meyer.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See Chicago

Albert Gregory Meyer (March 9, 1903 – April 9, 1965) was an American clergyman of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Archbishop of Chicago from 1958 until his death in 1965, and was created a cardinal in 1959.

Early life and education[edit]

Albert Meyer was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, to Peter James and Mathilda (née Thelen) Meyer, who were German immigrants.[1] The fourth of five children, he had two brothers and two sisters; one sister became a nun.[2][3] As a child, Meyer would pretend to say Mass with a toy altar and a glass of water for the chalice of wine.[3]

He received his early education under the School Sisters of Notre Dame at the parochial school of St. Mary's Church.[2] After attending Marquette Academy for two years, he entered St. Francis Seminary.[1] In 1922, he was sent by Archbishop Sebastian Gebhard Messmer to continue his studies at the Pontifical North American College in Rome.[2]

Priesthood[edit]

On July 11, 1926, Meyer was ordained to the priesthood by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, at the church of Santa Maria sopra Minerva.[4] He then studied at the Pontifical Biblical Institute, from where he obtained a doctorate in Holy Scriptures in 1930.[1]

Upon returning to the United States, he served as a curate at St. Joseph's Church in Waukesha until 1931, when he became a professor at his alma mater of St. Francis Seminary.[2] He there taught religion, Greek, Latin, biblical archeology, dogmatic theology and Holy Scriptures.[1] When Aloisius Joseph Muench was named Bishop of Fargo, Meyer succeeded him as rector of St. Francis Seminary in 1937.[1] He was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate in 1938, and also served as a chaplain and adviser to the Serra Club.[2]

Bishop[edit]

On February 18, 1946, he was appointed the sixth Bishop of Superior by Pope Pius XII.[5] Meyer was consecrated on the following April 11 by Archbishop Moses E. Kiley, with Bishops Aloisius Joseph Muench and William Patrick O'Connor serving as co-consecrators, in the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist.

Bishop Meyer became the seventh Archbishop of Milwaukee on July 21, 1953.

He was installed as Archbishop of Chicago on November 16, 1958.[6] When Meyer visited the victims of the Our Lady of the Angels School fire with then Mayor Daley, he nearly collapsed with grief while visiting the hospital and morgue.

Views[edit]

Despite skepticism,[7] Meyer was created Cardinal Priest of S. Cecilia by Pope John XXIII in the consistory of December 14, 1959. He later participated at the first three sessions of the Second Vatican Council, from 1962 to 1964, and sat on its Board of Presidency. During the Council, Meyer showed himself to be of liberal tendencies[8][9][10] and was viewed as the chief intellectual among the participating American hierarchy.[11] The scholarly and often shy prelate supported religious liberty,[12] and strongly condemned racism, giving speeches alongside Martin Luther King, Jr. and warning his clergy "not to foster the flame of racial hatred".[11] Meyer was also one of the cardinal electors in the 1963 papal conclave, which selected Pope Paul VI. Meyer, an occasional fisher, once called fishing the "apostolic recreation", and was also known to attend a Milwaukee Braves baseball game.[13]

Death[edit]

He served as Archbishop of Chicago until his death from a heart attack after an operation to remove a malignant brain tumor in Mercy Hospital at age 62. He is buried in the cemetery of the University of Saint Mary of the Lake in Mundelein, Illinois.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Miranda, Salvador. "MEYER, Albert Gregory". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. [better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e Thornton, Francis. "Albert Cardinal Meyer". Our American Princes. 
  3. ^ a b "Stritch's Successor". TIME Magazine. October 6, 1958. 
  4. ^ "Albert Gregory Cardinal Meyer". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 
  5. ^ Diocese of Superior. Bishop Meyer (1946-1953).
  6. ^ Archdiocese of Milwaukee. Archbishop Albert Gregory Meyer
  7. ^ TIME Magazine. Pope's Progress December 1, 1958
  8. ^ TIME Magazine. The Council's Prospects September 14, 1962
  9. ^ TIME Magazine. Cum Magno Dolore October 23, 1964
  10. ^ TIME Magazine. The Pope Runs the Church November 27, 1964
  11. ^ a b Holy Name Cathedral Parish. Resurrection, Restore & Renew April 8, 2007[dead link]
  12. ^ TIME Magazine. The Right to Worship According to One's Conscience October 2, 1964
  13. ^ TIME Magazine. Stritch's Successor October 6, 1958

External links[edit]

Episcopal succession[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Samuel Stritch
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago.svg
Archbishop of Chicago

1958–1965
Succeeded by
John Cody
Vacant
Title last held by
Gaetano Cicognani
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere
1959 – 1965
Vacant
Title next held by
John Cody
Preceded by
Moses E. Kiley
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Milwaukee.svg
Archbishop of Milwaukee

1953–1958
Succeeded by
William Cousins
Preceded by
William Patrick O'Connor
CoA Roman Catholic Diocese of Superior.svg
Bishop of Superior

1946–1953
Succeeded by
Joseph John Annabring