Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Herzog Albrecht I.jpg
Albert I, lithography, 1840
Spouse(s) Elizabeth of Brabant
Adelheid of Montferrat
Noble family House of Welf
Father Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Matilda of Brandenburg
Born 1236
Died 1279

Albert the Tall (Latin: Albertus Longus, German: Albrecht der Große) (1236–1279), of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1252 to 1269 and the first ruler of the newly created Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1269 until his death.

Life[edit]

Albert I of Brunswick was the second son of Otto the Child, the first Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and his wife, Matilda of Brandenburg. When his father died in 1252, he was the oldest surviving son, and took over the rule of the duchy; later his younger brother John joined him. In 1267, the brothers agreed to divide the duchy, which happened in 1269. Albert partitioned the territory while John obtained the right to choose his part. He took the northern half including the region of Lüneburg and the city of Hanover, while Albert received the southern part, including Calenberg, Helmstedt, the Harz mountains and Göttingen. The City of Brunswick was to remain common property of the brothers.

Albert died on August 15, 1279 and is buried at Brunswick Cathedral. He was succeeded by his elder three sons, the younger three joined the Church.

Marriage and children[edit]

In 1254, Albert married Elizabeth of Brabant (1243 – October 9, 1261), the daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Sophie of Thuringia. They had no children [1]

After Elizabeth's death in 1261, Henry married Adelheid (Alessia) (1242 – February 6, 1284/85), daughter of Boniface II of Montferrat around 1263. They had the following children:

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chronica Principum Brunsvicensium, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 26.
Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 1236 Died: 15 August 1279
German nobility
Preceded by
Otto I
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
jointly with John

1252–1269
Partitioning among the rulers
Principality of Wolfenbüttel partitioned from the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

1269–1277
Succeeded by
Henry I, Albert II, and William I