Albert III, Duke of Austria

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For other people named Albert of Austria, see Albert of Austria (disambiguation).
Albert III
Albrecht Dritte Habsburg1.jpg
Albert III, Duke of Austria
Duke of Austria
Reign 1365 - 1395
Predecessor Rudolf IV the Founder
Successor Albert IV the Patient
Spouse Elisabeth of Bohemia
Beatrice of Nuremberg
Issue Albert IV, Duke of Austria
House House of Habsburg
Father Albert II of Austria
Mother Joanna of Pfirt
Born (1349-09-09)9 September 1349
Vienna
Died 29 August 1395(1395-08-29) (aged 45)
Schloss Laxenburg
Burial Stephansdom cathedral in Vienna

Albert III of Austria (9 September 1349 – 29 August 1395), known as Albert with the Pigtail (German: Herzog Albrecht III "mit dem Zopf"), was a duke of Austria and a member of the House of Habsburg.

Life[edit]

Albert III was born in Vienna, the third son of Duke Albert II of Austria and his wife Joanna of Pfirt. Even though his father had determined that the eldest son should be the sole successor, after his father's death in 1358, Albert later inherited the rule from his two older brothers Rudolf IV and Frederick III and later shared it with his younger brother Leopold III.

In 1377, Albert went on a crusade against the pagan Lithuanians and Samogitians.

After Rudolf's and Frederick's death without an heir, Albert and his remaining brother, Leopold III, entered, in 1379, into the Treaty of Neuberg to divide the Habsburg territories. Albert received Austria proper while Leopold ruled over Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Further Austria.

His government was beneficial to the realm, as he supported the arts and sciences. Albert was an apt scholar himself, particularly as a mathematician. He expanded the University of Vienna and attempted to refurbish Vienna.

Albert died in August 1395 at the castle Schloss Laxenburg. He is buried in the Ducal Crypt in the Stephansdom cathedral in Vienna.

Family and children[edit]

Albert III was married twice. The first marriage, after 19 March 1366, was with Elisabeth of Bohemia (1358-1373), daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor. This marriage was childless; his wife died at age fifteen. Secondly, he married Beatrix of Nuremberg, daughter of Frederick V of Nuremberg and Elisabeth of Meissen who gave him his only son, Albert IV, who succeeded him. Elisabeth of Meissen was descended from the Babenberg dukes of Austria.

Ancestry[edit]

Albert III, Duke of Austria
Born: 9 September 1349 Died: 29 August 1395
Preceded by
Rudolf IV
Duke of Austria
1365–1395
with Leopold III (1365-1379)
Succeeded by
Albert IV
Duke of Styria
1365–1379
with Leopold III
Succeeded by
Leopold III
Duke of Carinthia
1365–1379
with Leopold III
Count of Tyrol
1365–1379
with Leopold III
Preceded by
Leopold III
Count of Tyrol
1386–1395
Succeeded by
Leopold IV