Albert Jaegers

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Albert Jaegers
Albert-Jaegers.jpg
Albert Jaegers
Born (1868-03-28)March 28, 1868
Elberfeld, Germany
Died July 22, 1925(1925-07-22) (aged 57)
Known for sculpture

Albert Jaegers (March 28, 1868 – July 22, 1925) was an American sculptor.

Life[edit]

Jaegers was born on March 28, 1868, in Elberfeld, Germany. He moved with his family to Cincinnati, Ohio, as a boy. He apprenticed to his father as a wood carver, then studied at the Cincinnati Art Academy, and later in London, Paris, and Rome.[1]

In 1890, he married Matilda Holdt and launched his career as a sculptor.[1] He won competitions sponsored by the National Sculpture Society.[1]

He exhibited at the Pan-American Exposition (1901) and Louisiana Purchase Exposition (1904).[1] For the latter he was commissioned to create the statue representing Arkansas.[2]

"Military Instruction": Detail of the Steuben Monument, Lafayette Park, in President's Park, Washington D.C.

In 1906 he won the commission for the Steuben Monument in Washington, D.C. on the basis of the endorsement of his work at an early stage of the competition by Augustus Saint-Gaudens. His bronze sculptures included an eleven-foot high figure of the military leader set atop a granite pedestal almost 20 feet high. Alongside the pedestal are two groups. In the one called "Commemoration", a seated female figure, unclothed above the waist, represents America instructing a small child from a scroll he holds up to her as he kneels at her feet. In the other, "Military Instruction", a seated adult soldier, naked but for an elaborate helmet, "in the prime of life", holds an empty scabbard in one hand. With his other hand, as if providing instruction, he points to his unsheathed sword, held by the naked young man at his side.[3]

When the U.S. government selected sculptors to create figures for the U.S. Custom House in New York City, each of which was to represent an historic seafaring powers, Jaegers won the commission to create the one for Germany, which he planned as "an armed female figure, leaning on an antique shield, inscribed 'Kiel'".[4] Following the U.S. declaration of war on Germany in 1917, Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo asked him to modify it to represent Belgium, a U.S. ally in World War I. Jaegers refused to alter it, but the sculpture was modified over his objections.[5][6] He said his work could not be seriously modified with "a little camouflage with a relabel" and called the change of name "a somewhat dubious honor for plucky little Belgium".[1]

His sculptures of German-American historical figures were sometimes targeted when the U.S. and Germany were at war. The dedication of his figure of Monsignor Anthony Stein met with protest and threats of violence.[7] The dedication of his statue of Francis Daniel Pastorius, the founder of Germantown, Pennsylvania, was delayed until after the end of World War I and it was later removed from view during World War II.[8]

In 1918 he contributed a small sculpture call "The Grenade Thrower" to a show of patriotic and war-related pieces.[9]

Jaegers was a member of the National Sculpture Society and the National Institute of Arts and Letters.[1] He was the brother of sculptor Augustine Jaegers (1878 - 1952), whose career paralleled his.[10]

He lived on Washington Square Park in New York City.[11]

He died from heart disease on July 22, 1925 in Suffern, New York, and was buried at Airmont Cemetery, there.[12]

Select Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f New York Times: "Albert Jaeger, Sculptor, Dies," July 23, 1925, accessed June 22, 2012
  2. ^ New York Times: "Statues for St. Louis," February 17, 1903, accessed June 22, 2012
  3. ^ New York Times: "Steuben Honored by Nation he Helped to Create," November 27, 1910, accessed June 22, 2012
  4. ^ New York Times: "World's Greatest Custom House Will Soon be Completed," January 14, 1906, accessed June 22, 2012. Kiel was a principal member of the Hanseatic League.
  5. ^ New York Times: Grace Glueck, "The Fountainhead and Father of the Woolworth Building," December 29, 2000, accessed June 22, 2012
  6. ^ SIRIS: "Belgium, (sculpture)".
  7. ^ SIRIS: "Monsignor Anthony Stein, (sculpture)".
  8. ^ Hans A. Pohlsander, German Monuments in the Americas: Bonds Across the Atlantic (Peter Lang, 2010), 6, available online, accessed June 22, 2012
  9. ^ New York Times: "November Exhibitions in Great Variety," November 17, 1918, accessed June 22, 2012
  10. ^ New York Times: "Augustine Jaegers," December 8, 1952, accessed June 22, 2012
  11. ^ "Fourteen Story Apartment Building for Artists". The New York Times. April 2, 1916. 
  12. ^ http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=7459487
  13. ^ C"Catalogue of Sculpture," Columbia University Quarterly, description 510, photograph 511, available online, accessed June 22, 2012
  14. ^ Ben Macomber, The Jewel City: its Planning and Achievement... (San Francisco: John H. Williams, 1915), 76, 196, [books.google.com/books?id=ib5jAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA196& available online], accessed June 22, 2012

External links[edit]