He was ordained a Baptist minister and held pastorates at Stillwater, N. Y. (1882–85) and at Utica, N. Y. (1885–91). From 1892 onward, he worked in the field of geology at different places and in different positions.
Besides having been editor of the Bulletin of the American Geographical society, he was author of:
A Text-Book of Geology (1900)
Geographic Influences in American History (1903)
Student's Laboratory Manual of Physical geography (1904)
From Trail to Railway through the Appalachians (1907)