Albert Praun

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Albert Praun
Born (1894-12-11)11 December 1894
Bad Staffelstein, Würzburg
Died 3 March 1975(1975-03-03) (aged 80)
Munich
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1913–1945
Rank General der Nachrichtentruppe
Commands held 18th Panzer Division
129th Infantry Division
277th Infantry Division
Chief Signals Officer of the OKW and OKH
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

General Albert Praun (11 December 1894, Bad Staffelstein – 3 March 1975) was a General in the German army who became the Chief Signals Officer of the Wehrmacht during World War II.

Career[edit]

He joined the Bavarian Telegraph Battalion in 1913 as an officer cadet and served as a leutnant in Imperial German Army during World War I. He was retained in the Reichswehr and appointed the head of the telegraph force at Königsberg in 1933. In 1935 he was appointed commander of the 38th Signals Battalion.

In 1940 he was appointed Commanding Officer of the 396th Signals Regiment with the rank of Oberst. He was then appointed Chief Signals Officer of Panzer Group Hoth and Panzer Group Guderian in France where he was Chief Signals Officer at Military District C from 1940 to 1941. He was then posted to the Eastern Front where he served as Chief Signals Officer of the 2nd Panzer Group and was promoted to Generalmajor on 1 August 1942. He was the commanding officer of the 482nd and 486th Regiments and the 4th Panzer Grenadier Brigade. He was then appointed the commander of the 18th Panzer Division in February 1943 with the rank of Generalleutnant and the 129th Division and he served as the Chief Signals Officer of Army Group Centre and commander of the 277th Division.

When General Erich Fellgiebel and then his deputy Fritz Thiele were arrested and subsequently executed for their roles in the July 20 plot, Praun was appointed to succeed them on 1 November 1944 as Chief Signals Officer at the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht and Oberkommando des Heeres and was promoted to General der Nachrichtentruppe. Following his appointment he requested to Ernst Kaltenbrunner at the RSHA that no further signals officers be arrested as it would damage the operational effectiveness of the signals service and he acceded to the request.

At the end of the war in May 1945 Praun was taken into captivity by the western allies and interrogated in France about his activities when serving there. At the end of August 1945 he was moved to prison camps at Neustadt, Hesse and Bad Hersfeld and he was released from captivity in June 1947. In 1950 France requested Praun's extradition for war crimes committed when he served there, but the request was refused by the Americans on grounds of lack of evidence. He lived in Munich until his death aged 80. In describing his military service, he wrote: Soldat in der Telegraphen- un Nachrichtentruppe.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 344.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtsteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Karl Freiherr von Thüngen
Commander of 18. Panzer-Division
July 1942 – 24 August 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Karl Freiherr von Thüngen
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Stephan Rittau
Commander of 129. Infanterie-Division
22 August 1942 – 25 September 1943
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Karl Fabiunke
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Helmuth Huffmann
Commander of 277. Infanterie-Division
5 April 1944 – August 1944
Succeeded by
reformed as 277. Volks-Grenadier-Division