Albert Richard Smith
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Albert Richard Smith (24 May 1816 – 23 May 1860), was an English author, entertainer, and mountaineer.
Smith was born at Chertsey, Surrey. The son of a surgeon, he studied medicine in London and in Paris, and his first literary effort was an account of his life in Paris, which appeared in the Mirror. He gradually abandoned his medical work in favour of writing. Though a journalist rather than a literary figure, he was one of the most popular writers of his time, and a favourite humorist. He was one of the early contributors to Punch and was also a regular contributor to Richard Bentley's Miscellany, in whose pages his first and best book, the novel The Adventures of Mr Ledbury, appeared in 1842. His other novels were The Fortunes of the Scattergood Family (1845), The Marchioness of Brinvilliers: The Poisoner of the Seventeenrh Century (1846), The Struggles and Adventures of Christopher Tadpole (1848), and The Pottleton Legacy: A Story of Town and Country (1849). He also published a novella, The Adventures of Jack Holiday, with Something about His Sister (1844).
In 1842 Smith's first play, Blanche Heriot, or The Chertsey Curfew, based on a legend from his home town, was produced at the Surrey Theatre. In 1843 he published The Wassail-Bowl: A Comic Christmas Sketchbook, which included a short story on the same subject as his play of the year before, "Blanche Heriot: A Legend of Old Chertsey Church". He also wrote a series of so-called natural histories: The Gent (1847), The Ballet Girl (1847), 'Stuck-Up' People (1847), The Idler upon Town (1848) and The Flirt (1848). Smith wrote several extravaganzas for the Lyceum Theatre, including Aladdin (1844), Valentine and Orson (1844) and Whittington and His Cat (1845), and adapted for the same theatre Charles Dickens's The Cricket on the Hearth (1845) and The Battle of Life (1846). With Angus Bethune Reach he founded and edited a monthly magazine called The Man in the Moon, which ran from January 1847 to June 1849.
Travels and mountaineering
In 1849 Smith went on a tour to Constantinople and the Near East. On his return he published A Month at Constantinople, and shortly afterwards he appeared at Willis's Rooms in a public entertainment about his travels called "The Overland Mail", which proved a hit. In August 1851 he ascended Mont Blanc. The year after he published a book about his adventures, The Story of Mont Blanc, and produced at the Egyptian Hall an entertainment called "Mont Blanc", describing the ascent of the mountain and the Englishman abroad, which became the most popular exhibition of the kind ever known. In May 1854 he gave his performance before Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Osborne House. Smith's "Mont Blanc" show ran for 2000 performances over six years and helped to popularize mountain climbing in mid-Victorian Britain. He was one of the founder members of the Alpine Club in 1857. In July 1858 Smith traveled to Hong Kong. On his return he published To China and Back (1859), and in December 1858 he commenced at the Egyptian Hall a third entertainment, called "Mont Blanc to China", which was also very popular.
In 1859 Smith married Mary Lucy Keeley (circa 1830–1870), who had been an actress and was the elder daughter of the comedian Robert Keeley and the distinguished actress Mary Anne Keeley. In 1860 he died from bronchitis in Fulham, London, and was buried in Brompton Cemetery. Smith received great help from his brother, Arthur W.W. Smith (1825–1861), who had also been educated in medicine and who managed the entertainments at the Egyptian Hall from 1852 to 1860. Arthur also planned Charles Dickens's readings in 1858, and made arrangements for a second series, but died before they were completed.
- Hansen, Peter H. (2004). "Smith, Albert Richard (1816-1860)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2013-Sept-01.
- Chisholm, Hugh, Editor (1911). "'Albert Richard Smith'". Encyclopedia Britanica. Retrieved 2013-Sept-01.
- Peter H. Hansen, ‘Smith, Albert Richard (1816–1860)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004. The first edition of this text is available as an article on Wikisource: "Smith, Albert Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Walter Goodman, The Keeleys on Stage and at Home. London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1895. Chapter XVII: "Albert Smith", pp. 224–234.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Smith, Albert Richard". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
- Cousin, John William (1910). " Smith, Albert". A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons. Wikisource
- Darren Bevin, Cultural Climbs: John Ruskin, Albert Smith and the Alpine Aesthetic, 2010.
- Smith, Albert (1845). The Fortunes of the Scattergood Family, Vol. 1. London, UK: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street.
- Smith, Albert (1848). The Struggles and Adventures of Christopher Tadpole at Home and Abroad. London, UK: Richard Bentley, New Burlington Street.
- Smith, Albert (1853). The Story of Mont Blanc. New York, N.Y.: G. P. Putnam & Co.
- Smith, Albert Richard; Smith, Arthur, ed (1861). The London Medical Student. London: Routledge, Warne, and Routledge.
- Yates, Edmund (1871). "Albert Smith in Memoriam". Mont Blanc by Albert Smith. London: Ward, Lock and Tyler. Retrieved 2013-Sept-01.