Albert Rose (physicist)
|Known for||The Rose Criterion, Detective quantum efficiency|
|Notable awards||IEEE Edison Medal (1979)|
Albert Rose (born New York City, 30 March 1910, died on 26 July 1990) was an American physicist, who made major contributions to TV video camera tubes such as the orthicon, image orthicon, and vidicon.
Rose was an expert on photoconductivity. He wrote a book "Concepts in photoconductivity and allied problems", which was published by John Wiley & Sons, New York in 1963.
He also did research on the visibility of objects in a noisy signal, such as from TV tubes. He found that human could distinguish small objects in noisy images near 100% accuracy if the object brightness differed from the background by 5 or more times the noise standard deviation; this signal-to-noise relationship is known as the Rose Criterion.
Rose also originated the concept of detective quantum efficiency, today widely used in optical and X-ray imaging.
He died in 1990.
- U.S. Patent 4,139,796 Photoconductor for imaging devices
- U.S. Patent 3,952,222 Pickup tube target
- U.S. Patent 3,934,180 Method of reproducing an electrostatic charge pattern in intensified form
Honors and awards
- IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) Edison Medal in 1979
- IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Award
- SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers) David Sarnoff Gold Medal Award
- Fellow, IEEE
- Fellow, American Physical Society
- "Albert Rose, a Research Scientist Known for TV Tube, Dies at 80.". New York Times. "Albert Rose, a research scientist whose work in converting optical images to electrical signals led to the development of the modern television picture tube, died on Thursday at the Princeton Medical Center in New Jersey. He was 80 years old and lived in Princeton. He died of lung cancer, a family member said. He is survived by his wife, Lillian; a son, Mark, of Mendham, N.J.; a daughter, Jane Speiser, who lives in Italy; a brother, Martin Rosenblum of Middletown, N.Y., and two grandchildren."
- Johnson, Walter; Weimer, Paul K.; Williams, Richard (December 1991). "Obituary: Albert Rose". Physics Today 44 (12): 98. Bibcode:1991PhT....44l..98J. doi:10.1063/1.2810377.
- Debbie Stokes (2008). Principles and Practice of Variable Pressure/Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (VP-ESEM). John Wiley & Sons. p. 55. ISBN 9780470065402.
- IEEE Global History Network bio with photo