Albert Stewart Meek

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Albert Stewart Meek
Born Bow, London, England
Died Bondi, Sydney, Australia
Occupation bird collector and naturalist.

Albert Stewart Meek (1871–1943) was an English bird collector and naturalist.

Biography[edit]

Meek was born on 26 October 1871 in Bow, London,[1] the son of a merchant in natural history. In 1893 he travelled to Australia and spent some time at George Barnard’s cattle station at Coomooboolaroo, the only place in Australia where the now-extinct paradise parrot had occurred. It is not known if Meek ever saw this species.[2]

In 1894 he began collecting bird and insect specimens for Lionel Walter Rothschild; first in England, then in Australia. Later, in the Pacific region (in particular the Solomon Islands, New Guinea and Bougainville, he was the first naturalist who observed the birdlife).[3]

Meek also collected reptiles for the Natural History Museum in London, including the holotype and paratype of the venomous Woodlark Island snake (Toxicocalamus longissimus) from Woodlark Island, off the east coast of British New Guinea, and described by George Albert Boulenger in 1896 as Apistocalamus longissimus. A third specimen, reported to have come from Fergusson Island in the d'Entrecasteaux Islands also off the east coast of British New Guinea, is also believed to have originated from Woodlark Island. Today this rare snake is still only known from twelve specimens in four museums.

Meek became a dealer in feathers and insects. In 1904 he travelled to Choiseul, where he collected the last specimens of the Choiseul crested pigeon. But, due to the horrible reputation of the islanders as cannibals, he was protected by an armed escort to bring the skins to his vessel.[4] On an expedition in New Guinea in 1906 he discovered and shot the first specimen of the Queen Alexandra's birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae), the largest butterfly in the world.[5] While on a visit to New Guinea he estimated that the headdress of a chief needed the feathers of more than 23 killed birds (e.g., Birds of Paradise), just to create the middle part.[6]

His collection of bird skins and insects is held by the Natural History Museum in London. Specimens from Meek's collections can also be seen in the American Museum of Natural History.

Species named after Meek include seven full bird species: Choiseul crested pigeon (Migrogoura meeki), Meek's lorikeet (Charmosyna meeki), Meek's pygmy parrot (Micropsitta meeki), Bougainville crow (Corvus meeki), white-throated white-eye (Zosterops meeki), yellowish-streaked honeyeater (Ptiloprora meekiana), and the Manus hawk owl (Ninox meeki). Also several butterfly and moth species were named after Meek, including Graphium meeki, Gnathothlibus meeki, Delias meeki, Angonyx meeki, Macroglossum meeki, Oxycanus meeki, Bindahara meeki, Acupicta meeki, and Udara meeki. In 1896, Oldfield Thomas described Emballonura beccarii meeki, a subspecies of the Beccari's sheath-tailed bat of which Meek had collected the type series on Kiriwina, Trobriand Islands.[7]

Meek died on 1 October 1943 at his home in Bondi, Sydney.[1] He had two sons and two daughters: Wilfred, Victor, Gladys and Marie.[8]

Literature by and about Meek[edit]

  • Rothschild, M. 1983. Dear Lord Rothschild: Birds, butterflies and history. Balaban, Philadelphia. xx + 398 pp. Mentions Walter Rothschild's collectors in New Guinea, including William Doherty, Albert S. Meek, Ernst Mayr, etc.
  • Rothschild, W., and E. Hartert. 1913. List of the collections of birds made by Albert S. Meek in the lower ranges of the Snow Mountains, on the Eilanden River, and on Mount Goliath during the years 1910 and 1911.Novitates Zoologicae 20:473–527. Notes on Lepidoptera collected by Albert S. Meek in Irian Jaya during 1910 and 1911, including descriptions of localities
  • Barbara and Richard Mearns, The Bird Collectors, Academic Press, 1998, ISBN 0-12-487440-1
  • Albert S. Meek, A Naturalist in Cannibal Land, 1913, Fischer Unwin, London

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Albert Meek". Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 88: 129. 1967. 
  2. ^ Catalogue 39 Albert Stewart Meek at the Wayback Machine (archived September 28, 2007)
  3. ^ British Museum (1906). The history of the collections contained in the Natural history departments, Vol. II. London: Trustees of the British Museum. p. 426. 
  4. ^ Flannery, Tim Fridtjof and Peter Schouten (2001). A Gap in Nature: Discovering the World's Extinct Animals. New York: Atlantic Monthly Press. p. 108. ISBN 0871137976. 
  5. ^ Barton, Gerry; Dietrich, Stefan (2010). This Ingenious and Singular Apparatus. Heidelburg: Books on Demand. p. 204. ISBN 9783839168745. 
  6. ^ Barbara and Richard Mearns, The Bird Collectors, Academic Press, 1998, ISBN 0-12-487440-1
  7. ^ Oldfield Thomas: On Mammals collected by Mr. Albert Meek on Woodlark Island and on Kiriwina in the Trobriand Group. In: Novitates Zoologicae Vol. III (1896). p 527
  8. ^ "Family notices". The Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Qld. : 1933 - 1954). 7 October 1943. Retrieved 9 February 2013.