Albert W. Tucker

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Albert W. Tucker
Born (1905-11-28)28 November 1905
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
Died 25 January 1995(1995-01-25) (aged 89)
Hightstown, N.J., U.S.
Residence U.S.
Nationality Canadian
American
Fields Mathematician:
Combinatorial topology
Optimization
Institutions Princeton University
Alma mater University of Toronto, Princeton University
Doctoral advisor Solomon Lefschetz
Doctoral students David Gale
John R. Isbell
Marvin Minsky
John Forbes Nash
Torrence Parsons
Lloyd Shapley
Known for Prisoner's dilemma
Karush–Kuhn–Tucker conditions
Combinatorial linear algebra
Influenced Harold W. Kuhn
David Gale
R. Tyrrell Rockafellar

Albert William Tucker (28 November 1905 – 25 January 1995) was a Canadian mathematician who made important contributions in topology, game theory, and non-linear programming.[1]

Albert Tucker was born in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, and earned his B.A. at the University of Toronto in 1928 and his M.A. at the same institution in 1929.[2] In 1932, he completed his Ph.D. at the Princeton University under the supervision of Solomon Lefschetz, with a thesis entitled An Abstract Approach to Manifolds.

In 1932–33 he was a National Research Fellow at Cambridge, Harvard, and the University of Chicago. He then returned to Princeton to join the faculty in 1933, where he stayed till 1974. He chaired the mathematics department for about twenty years, one of the longest tenures. His extensive relationships within the field made him a great source for oral histories of the mathematics community.

His Ph.D. students include Michel Balinski, David Gale, Alan Goldman, John Isbell, Stephen Maurer, Marvin Minsky, Nobel Prize winner John Nash, Torrence Parsons, Nobel Prize winner Lloyd Shapley, Robert Singleton, and Marjorie Stein. Although he wasn't his dissertation advisor, Tucker did advise and collaborated with Harold W. Kuhn on a number of papers and models.

In 1950, Albert Tucker gave the name and interpretation "prisoner's dilemma" to Merrill M. Flood and Melvin Dresher's model of cooperation and conflict, resulting in the most well-known game theoretic paradox. He is also well known for the Karush–Kuhn–Tucker conditions, a basic result in non-linear programming, which was published in conference proceedings, rather than in a journal.

In the 1960s, he was heavily involved in mathematics education, as chair of the AP Calculus committee for the College Board (1960–1963), through work with the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM) of the MAA (he was president of the MAA in 1961–1962), and through many NSF summer workshops for high school and college teachers.

In the early 1980s, Tucker recruited Princeton history professor Charles Gillispie to help him set up an oral history project to preserve stories about the Princeton mathematical community in the 1930s. With funding from the Sloan Foundation, this project later expanded its scope. Among those who shared their memories of such figures as Einstein, von Neumann, and Gödel were computer pioneer Herman Goldstine and Nobel laureates John Bardeen and Eugene Wigner.

Albert Tucker noticed the leadership ability and talent of a young mathematics graduate student named John G. Kemeny, whose hiring Tucker suggested to Dartmouth College. Following Tucker's advice, Dartmouth recruited Kemeny, who became Chair of the Mathematics Department and later College President. Years later, Dartmouth College recognized Albert Tucker with an honorary degree. Tucker died in Hightstown, N.J. in 1995 at age 89.

Works[edit]

  • with Evar Nering: Linear Programs and related problems, Academic Press 1993
  • with H. W. Kuhn (eds.): Contributions to the theory of games, Annals of Mathematical Studies 1950
  • with H. W. Kuhn (eds.): Linear inequalities and related systems, Annals of Mathematical Studies 1956
  • with Allan Gewirtz, Harry Sitomer: Constructive linear algebra, Englewood Cliffs 1974

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cervone, Barbara Tucker; Duren, Bill; Kohn, J. J.; Snell, J. Laurie; Stein, Marjorie L. (1995), "A. W. Tucker: some reminiscences", Notices of the American Mathematical Society 42 (10): 1143–1147, MR 1350012 
  2. ^ Gass, Saul I. (2011). "Albert W. Tucker". Profiles in Operations Research. International Series in Operations Research & Management Science 147. pp. 95–11. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6281-2_6. ISBN 978-1-4419-6280-5.  edit

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Emil Artin
Dod Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University
1954–1974
Succeeded by
Elias Stein