Albert W. Tucker
|Albert W. Tucker|
Albert William Tucker
28 November 1905|
Oshawa, Ontario, Canada
|Died||25 January 1995
Hightstown, N.J., U.S.
|Alma mater||University of Toronto, Princeton University|
|Doctoral advisor||Solomon Lefschetz|
|Doctoral students||David Gale
John R. Isbell
John Forbes Nash
|Known for||Prisoner's dilemma
Combinatorial linear algebra
|Influenced||Harold W. Kuhn
R. Tyrrell Rockafellar
|Notable awards||John von Neumann Theory Prize (1980)|
Albert Tucker was born in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada, and earned his B.A. at the University of Toronto in 1928 and his M.A. at the same institution in 1929. In 1932, he earned his Ph.D. at Princeton University under the supervision of Solomon Lefschetz, with a dissertation entitled An Abstract Approach to Manifolds. In 1932–33 he was a National Research Fellow at Cambridge, Harvard, and the University of Chicago.
He then returned to Princeton to join the faculty in 1933, where he stayed till 1974. He chaired the mathematics department for about twenty years, one of the longest tenures. His extensive relationships within the field made him a great source for oral histories of the mathematics community.
His Ph.D. students include Michel Balinski, David Gale, Alan Goldman, John Isbell, Stephen Maurer, Marvin Minsky, Nobel Prize winner John Nash, Torrence Parsons, Nobel Prize winner Lloyd Shapley, Robert Singleton, and Marjorie Stein. Although he wasn't his dissertation advisor, Tucker did advise and collaborated with Harold W. Kuhn on a number of papers and models.
In 1950, Albert Tucker gave the name and interpretation "prisoner's dilemma" to Merrill M. Flood and Melvin Dresher's model of cooperation and conflict, resulting in the most well-known game theoretic paradox. He is also well known for the Karush–Kuhn–Tucker conditions, a basic result in non-linear programming, which was published in conference proceedings, rather than in a journal.
In the 1960s, he was heavily involved in mathematics education, as chair of the AP Calculus committee for the College Board (1960–1963), through work with the Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics (CUPM) of the MAA (he was president of the MAA in 1961–1962), and through many NSF summer workshops for high school and college teachers.
In the early 1980s, Tucker recruited Princeton history professor Charles Gillispie to help him set up an oral history project to preserve stories about the Princeton mathematical community in the 1930s. With funding from the Sloan Foundation, this project later expanded its scope. Among those who shared their memories of such figures as Einstein, von Neumann, and Gödel were computer pioneer Herman Goldstine and Nobel laureates John Bardeen and Eugene Wigner.
Albert Tucker noticed the leadership ability and talent of a young mathematics graduate student named John G. Kemeny, whose hiring Tucker suggested to Dartmouth College. Following Tucker's advice, Dartmouth recruited Kemeny, who became Chair of the Mathematics Department and later College President. Years later, Dartmouth College recognized Albert Tucker with an honorary degree. Tucker died in Hightstown, N.J. in 1995 at age 89. His sons, Alan Tucker and Thomas W. Tucker, and his grandson Thomas J. Tucker are all also professional mathematicians.
- with Evar Nering: Linear Programs and related problems, Academic Press 1993
- with H. W. Kuhn (eds.): Contributions to the theory of games, Annals of Mathematical Studies 1950
- with H. W. Kuhn (eds.): Linear inequalities and related systems, Annals of Mathematical Studies 1956
- with Allan Gewirtz, Harry Sitomer: Constructive linear algebra, Englewood Cliffs 1974
- Cervone, Barbara Tucker; Duren, Bill; Kohn, J. J.; Snell, J. Laurie; Stein, Marjorie L. (1995), "A. W. Tucker: some reminiscences", Notices of the American Mathematical Society 42 (10): 1143–1147, MR 1350012
- Gass, Saul I. (2011). "Profiles in Operations Research". International Series in Operations Research & Management Science 147. pp. 95–11. doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-6281-2_6. ISBN 978-1-4419-6280-5.
- Nasar, Sylvia (January 27, 1995). "Albert W. Tucker, 89, Pioneering Mathematician". New York Times.
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Albert Tucker", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- News from PRINCETON UNIVERSITY
- Albert W. Tucker at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- A Guide to Albert William Tucker Papers
- Extract from an obituary
- Kuhn Tucker conditions
- The Princeton Mathematics Community in the 1930s An oral history project initiated by Tucker, also contains a series of interviews with Tucker.
- Oral History Interview with Albert W. Tucker, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota.
|Dod Professor of Mathematics at Princeton University