Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz

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Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz
Adamkiewicz.jpg
Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (1850–1921)
Born August 11, 1850
Żerków
Died October 31, 1921
Nationality Poland
Fields pathology
Alma mater University of Breslau
Jagiellonian University
Known for central nervous system Adamkiewicz reaction
Influences Rudolf Peter Heinrich Heidenhain

Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz (August 11, 1850 – October 31, 1921) was a Polish-Jewish pathologist born in Żerków.[1]

In 1873 he earned his medical doctorate from the University of Breslau, where he was a student-assistant to physiologist Rudolf Peter Heinrich Heidenhain (1834–1897). From 1879 until 1892 he was chief of general and experimental pathology at the Jagiellonian University in Cracow.[2]

Adamkiewicz is remembered for his pathological examinations of the central nervous system. His research of the variable vascularity of the spinal cord was an important factor in regards to modern clinical vascular surgery. He is credited with describing the major anterior segmental medullary artery, which is now known as the artery of Adamkiewicz.[2]

In the early 1890s Adamkiewicz published a series of articles claiming the discovery of a cancer-causing parasite he called Coccidium sarcolytus, as well as the existence of an anti-cancer serum. Further testing proved the serum a failure, and Adamkiewicz was severely criticized by the medical community at Jagiellonian University. Soon afterwards he relocated to Vienna, where he practiced medicine at Rothschild Hospital.[2] He is also credited for the creation of the Adamkiewicz test, a test for detecting tryptophan.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Books My Own Private Germany: Daniel Paul Schreber's Secret History of Modernity by Eric L. Santner
  2. ^ a b c Skalski JH, Zembala M (November 2005). "Albert Wojciech Adamkiewicz: the discoverer of the variable vascularity of the spinal cord". Ann. Thorac. Surg. 80 (5): 1971–5. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2005.06.022. PMID 16242505. 

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