|Saint Albert Avogadro|
Albert Avogadro. Madonna del Carmine, Milan.
|Patriarch of Jerusalem|
|Died||14 September 1214
Akko (Acre), Palestine
|Roman Catholic Church|
Born in Parma, Italy, Albert was educated in theology and law and served as Bishop of Bobbio until 1184, when he was appointed as Bishop of Vercelli. He served the Papacy as a mediator and diplomat between Pope Clement III and Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. He served as papal legate in 1199 and helped end the war between Parma and Piacenza, Italy.
In 1204 he was named Patriarch of Jerusalem by Pope Innocent III, whom he also served as papal legate in the Holy Land. As Patriarch he helped found the Carmelite Order around 1209, in particular by his composition of what came to be called the Carmelite Rule of St. Albert. This order was based on Mount Carmel, across the Bay of Haifa from Acre where he resided as Patriarch. Additionally he mediated in disputes between the Kingdom of Jerusalem and the Kingdom of Cyprus and between the Knights Templar and the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. In 1214 he had been invited to the Fourth Lateran Council, but a disgruntled cleric assassinated him "in the Church of Saint John of Acre while he was part of the procession" in Acre, Palestine on the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross.
He was succeeded by Raoul of Merencourt.
St. Albert Avogadro is commemorated on 17 September in the Roman Catholic Church.
|Catholic Church titles|
|Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
Raoul of Merencourt
- Carmelite Rule of St. Albert
- Book of the First Monks
- Constitutions of the Carmelite Order
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- Catholic Online: Saints & Angels: St. Albert of Jerusalem (first article)
- Catholic Online: Saints & Angels: St. Albert of Jerusalem (second article)
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