Alberta Highway 1
|Length:||534 km (332 mi)|
|Existed:||1941 – present|
|West end:||B.C. border near Lake Louise
continues west as BC 1
| Hwy 93 near Banff
Hwy 2 in Calgary
Hwy 36 near Brooks
Hwy 3 in Medicine Hat
|East end:||Saskatchewan border near Walsh
continues east as Hwy 1
|I.D. No. 9, Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Kananaskis I.D., Rocky View County, Wheatland County, Newell County, Cypress County|
|Major cities:||Calgary, Brooks, Medicine Hat|
|Towns:||Banff, Canmore, Chestermere, Strathmore, Bassano, Redcliff|
Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1, or Trans-Canada Highway 1, is the main east-west highway traversing southern Alberta, Canada. It is designated a core route in Canada's National Highway System and spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east. As of 2014, the route is divided throughout the province (twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12), with a minimum of two lanes in each direction.
Banff National Park
British Columbia Highway 1 becomes Alberta Highway 1 as it crosses Kicking Horse Pass into Alberta. It generally travels in a southeast direction along the Bow River through Banff National Park (Improvement District No. 9), passing by the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Town of Banff. The segment of Highway 1 through the national park is maintained by the Government of Canada.
Banff National Park to Calgary
Upon exiting Banff National Park, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 91 km (57 mi) until it reaches the City of Calgary. This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through the rural municipalities of the Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Rocky View County. It also briefly crosses a portion of Kananaskis Improvement District. For urban communities, this segment passes by the Hamlet of Harvie Heights, through the Town of Canmore, and by the hamlets of Dead Man's Flats and Lac des Arcs. Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Canmore to Calgary, is an alternate route to this segment of Highway 1, providing access to the Hamlet of Exshaw, the Summer Village of Ghost Lake, and the Town of Cochrane.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2011)|
Within Calgary, Highway 1 is named 16 Avenue North and maintained by the City of Calgary. Certain stretches of 16 Avenue North function as either a freeway or an expressway, while other stretches function as an urban arterial road, particularly between Bow River and Bowness Road and between Crowchild Trail and Deerfoot Trail where there are numerous at-grade intersections. As a result, speed limits on 16 Avenue North drop as low as 50 km/h (31 mph). The recently completed northwest and northeast legs of Stoney Trail (Highway 201) provide an alternate higher speed route across the city. The length of Highway 1 within Calgary is 27 km (17 mi).
Calgary to Medicine Hat
Upon exiting Calgary, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 273 km (170 mi) until it reaches the City of Medicine Hat. This segment of the highway generally travels in a southeast direction through the rural municipalities of Rocky View County, Wheatland County, the County of Newell, and Cypress County. For urban communities, this segment passes through the towns of Chestermere and Strathmore, by the Town of Bassano, the City of Brooks, and the Hamlet of Suffield, and through the Town of Redcliff. Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Calgary to Chestermere, is an alternate route to initial portion of this segment of Highway 1.
Within the City of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is named Trans Canada Highway and maintained by Alberta Transportation. Stretches of the highway function as a freeway, while stretches between the South Saskatchewan River and Seven Persons Creek function as an urban arterial road. One at-grade intersection exists beyond 13 Avenue SE at Dunmore Road/South Boundary Road before exiting the city. The length of Highway 1 within Medicine Hat is 13 km (8.1 mi).
Medicine Hat to Saskatchewan
Upon exiting Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 48 km (30 mi) until it enters the Province of Saskatchewan, continuing as Saskatchewan Highway 1. This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through Cypress County. For urban communities, this segment passes through the Hamlet of Dunmore and by the hamlets of Irvine and Walsh.
Planning is underway to realign Highway 1 around the Town of Strathmore. Strathmore is the only low-speed signalized section of the highway between Calgary and Saskatchewan without a bypass plan. The route under consideration for the realignment begins northwest of Gleichen, continuing west to run south of Eagle Lake and then continuing northwest where it will rejoin the existing alignment between Highway 24 and Strathmore. The proposed plan also contemplates a link to the Highway 22X corridor.
Construction of an interchange at Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road in Medicine Hat is expected to start in the fall of 2012, with completion estimated by the summer of 2014.
|Improvement District No. 9
(Banff National Park)
|Alberta–British Columbia border||0||0||BC 1 west – Field, Golden, Revelstoke, Kamloops||Enters Banff National Park
Kicking Horse Pass
|7||4||Hwy 93 north (Icefields Parkway) – Saskatchewan River Crossing, Rocky Mountain House, Jasper||Concurrency with Highway 93 begins|
|10||6||Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) – Lake Louise, Castle Mountain|
|35||22||Hwy 93 south (Banff-Windermere Highway) – Radium Hot Springs, Invermere, Cranbrook||Concurrency with Highway 93 ends|
|56||35||Sunshine Road to Sunshine Village|
|59||37||Hwy 1A west (Bow Valley Parkway) – Castle Mountain|
|Banff||65||40||Mt. Norquay Road|
|81||50||East gate of Banff National Park|
|M.D. of Bighorn No. 8||83||52||83||Harvie Heights Road|
|Canmore||86||53||86||Bow Valley Trail / Palliser Trail|
|91||57||91||Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Trail) – Exshaw, Morley, Cochrane|
|93||58||93||Hwy 742 south (Three Sisters Parkway)|
|98||61||98||George Biggy Sr. Road / Dead Man's Flats|
|105||65||105||Lac Des Arcs|
|Kananaskis Improvement District||114||71||114||Hwy 1X north – Seebe, Exshaw|
|M.D. of Bighorn No. 8||118||73||118||Hwy 40 south (Kananaskis Trail)|
|137||85||137||Bear Hill Road|
|Rocky View||143||89||143||Hwy 68 south (Sibbald Creek Trail)|
|156||97||156||Jumping Pound Road|
|161||100||161||Hwy 22 – Cochrane, Bragg Creek|
|169||105||169||Range Road 33 (Calaway Park)|
|172||107||172||Hwy 563 east (Old Banff Coach Road)|
|City of Calgary||176||109||Valley Ridge Boulevard / Crestmont Boulevard|
|177||110||177||Hwy 201 north (Stoney Trail)|
|179||111||Canada Olympic Drive to Canada Olympic Park / Bowfort Road|
|180||112||Sarcee Trail to Hwy 2 south|
|184||114||West Campus Boulevard|
|185||115||University Drive to University of Calgary|
|186||116||Hwy 1A west (Crowchild Trail)|
|187||116||14 Street NW to City Centre|
|188||117||10 Street NW|
|189.5||117.7||Centre Street N|
|192||119||Hwy 2 (Deerfoot Trail) – Edmonton, Red Deer, Fort Macleod (link to Calgary International Airport)|
|195||121||36 Street NE|
|197||122||52 Street NE|
|199||124||68 Street NE|
|200||124||Hwy 201 (Stoney Trail)|
|Rocky View||Chestermere||208||129||Hwy 1A west (17 Avenue SE / Township Road 242) – Chestermere, Calgary|
|212||132||Hwy 791 (Range Road 280) – Delacour, Indus|
|219||136|| Hwy 9 north – Beiseker, Drumheller
Hwy 797 south (Range Road 272) – Langdon
|Wheatland||228||142||Hwy 24 south – Cheadle, Lethbridge|
|Strathmore||238||148||Hwy 817 (Wheatland Trail) – Ardenode, Carseland|
|248||154||Hwy 21 north – Rockyford, Three Hills|
|260||162||Hwy 561 east – Hussar|
|278||173||Hwy 547 west – Gleichen, Arrowwood, Mossleigh, Aldersyde|
|282||175||Hwy 901 west – Gleichen|
|292||181||Hwy 842 – Chancellor, Cluny, Milo|
|308||191||Hwy 56 north – Drumheller, Stettler|
|330||205||Hwy 550 east – Rosemary|
|364||226||Hwy 36 (Veteran Memorial Highway) – Hanna, Taber|
|Brooks||373||232||Hwy 873 (2nd Street W) – Duchess, Rainier|
|376||234||Hwy 542 west (Cassils Road) – Cassils Road|
|385||239||Hwy 875 south – Rolling Hills, Hays|
|394||245||Hwy 876 – Tilley, Patricia|
|Cypress||439||273||Hwy 884 north – Ralston, Jenner, CFB Suffield|
|465||289||Hwy 524 west – Hays, Vauxhall|
|City of Medicine Hat||476||296||Box Springs Road|
|477||296||3 Street NW|
|478||297||1 Street SW|
|480||298|| Hwy 3 west (Crowsnest Highway) – Bow Island, Taber, Lethbridge
Hwy 41A east (Gershaw Drive)
|482||300||College Avenue / South Ridge Drive|
|483||300||13 Avenue SE|
|485||301||Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road|
|Cypress||Dunmore||492||306||Eagle Butte Road|
|494||307||Hwy 41 north (Buffalo Trail) – Oyen, Consort||Highway 41 concurrency begins|
|510||317||Hwy 41 south (Buffalo Trail) – Wild Horse, Cypress Hills||Highway 41 concurrency ends|
|Alberta–Saskatchewan border||534||332||Hwy 1 east – Maple Creek, Swift Current, Moose Jaw, Regina|
- Department of Public Works (1939). "Highway Map of Province of Alberta Canada". Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation. Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2011 ed.). Section L–3, L-4, L–5, L–6, M–6, M–7, M–8, and N–8.
- Provincial Highways Designation Order, Alberta Transportation, p. 1
- "National Highway System". Transport Canada. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- "2010 Provincial Highways 1 - 216 Series Progress Chart". Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- "Crews complete twinning of Trans-Canada through Banff National Park". CTV Calgary. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
- "The Trans-Canada Highway". Transport Canada. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "August 2009 Contract Maintenance of Provincial Highways". Alberta Transportation. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Alberta Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2011-02-20.
- "Exit Numbering – Recommended Practices". Alberta Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- "TSB Newsletter – Volume 4, Issue 1". Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- "Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network East of Calgary, Highway 842 to Highway 797, Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- "Open House #1 - Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network, Highway 842 to Highway 797 Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- "Dunmore Road interchange drives forward in Medicine Hat". Government of Alberta. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
- 2010 Provincial Highways 1 - 216 Series Progress Chart (map, 8 MB) by Alberta Transportation.
BC Highway 1
AB Highway 1
SK Highway 1