Alberta Highway 1

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Alberta Highway 1 shield

Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
Route information
Length: 534 km[2] (332 mi)
Existed: 1941[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: B.C. border near Lake Louise
continues west as BC 1
  Hwy 93 near Banff
Hwy 2 in Calgary
Hwy 36 near Brooks
Hwy 3 in Medicine Hat
East end: Saskatchewan border near Walsh
continues east as Hwy 1
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
I.D. No. 9, Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Kananaskis I.D., Rocky View County, Wheatland County, Newell County, Cypress County
Major cities: Calgary, Brooks, Medicine Hat
Towns: Banff, Canmore, Chestermere, Strathmore, Bassano, Redcliff
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 986 Hwy 1A

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1,[3] or Trans-Canada Highway 1, is the main east-west highway traversing southern Alberta, Canada. It is designated a core route in Canada's National Highway System[4] and spans approximately 534 km (332 mi) from Alberta's border with British Columbia in the west to its border with Saskatchewan in the east.[2][5] As of 2014, the route is divided throughout the province (twinning of the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border was completed by Parks Canada and opened to traffic on June 12), with a minimum of two lanes in each direction.[2][6]

Route description[edit]

Banff National Park[edit]

British Columbia Highway 1 becomes Alberta Highway 1 as it crosses Kicking Horse Pass into Alberta.[2] It generally travels in a southeast direction along the Bow River through Banff National Park (Improvement District No. 9), passing by the Hamlet of Lake Louise and the Town of Banff.[5] The segment of Highway 1 through the national park is maintained by the Government of Canada.[7]

Banff National Park to Calgary[edit]

Upon exiting Banff National Park, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 91 km (57 mi) until it reaches the City of Calgary.[5][8] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through the rural municipalities of the Municipal District of Bighorn No. 8 and Rocky View County.[9] It also briefly crosses a portion of Kananaskis Improvement District.[9] For urban communities, this segment passes by the Hamlet of Harvie Heights, through the Town of Canmore, and by the hamlets of Dead Man's Flats and Lac des Arcs.[5] Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Canmore to Calgary, is an alternate route to this segment of Highway 1, providing access to the Hamlet of Exshaw, the Summer Village of Ghost Lake, and the Town of Cochrane.[5]

Calgary[edit]

Within Calgary, Highway 1 is named 16 Avenue North[2] and maintained by the City of Calgary. Certain stretches of 16 Avenue North function as either a freeway or an expressway, while other stretches function as an urban arterial road, particularly between Bow River and Bowness Road and between Crowchild Trail and Deerfoot Trail where there are numerous at-grade intersections. As a result, speed limits on 16 Avenue North drop as low as 50 km/h (31 mph). The recently completed northwest and northeast legs of Stoney Trail (Highway 201) provide an alternate higher speed route across the city. The length of Highway 1 within Calgary is 27 km (17 mi).

Calgary to Medicine Hat[edit]

Upon exiting Calgary, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 273 km (170 mi) until it reaches the City of Medicine Hat.[5][8] This segment of the highway generally travels in a southeast direction through the rural municipalities of Rocky View County, Wheatland County, the County of Newell, and Cypress County.[9] For urban communities, this segment passes through the towns of Chestermere and Strathmore, by the Town of Bassano, the City of Brooks, and the Hamlet of Suffield, and through the Town of Redcliff.[5] Highway 1A, the original Highway 1 from Calgary to Chestermere, is an alternate route to initial portion of this segment of Highway 1.[5]

Medicine Hat[edit]

Within the City of Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is named Trans Canada Highway and maintained by Alberta Transportation.[8] Stretches of the highway function as a freeway, while stretches between the South Saskatchewan River and Seven Persons Creek function as an urban arterial road. One at-grade intersection exists beyond 13 Avenue SE at Dunmore Road/South Boundary Road before exiting the city. The length of Highway 1 within Medicine Hat is 13 km (8.1 mi).[5]

Medicine Hat to Saskatchewan[edit]

Upon exiting Medicine Hat, Highway 1 is maintained by Alberta Transportation for 48 km (30 mi) until it enters the Province of Saskatchewan,[5][8] continuing as Saskatchewan Highway 1.[2] This segment of the highway generally travels in an east direction through Cypress County.[9] For urban communities, this segment passes through the Hamlet of Dunmore and by the hamlets of Irvine and Walsh.[5]

History[edit]

A review of historical Alberta Official Road Maps shows that Highway 1 was numbered Highway 2 prior to 1941 (while Highway 2 as it is known today was numbered Highway 1 prior to 1941).[1]

Exit numbering along Highway 1 began in 2005.[10][11] As of March 2010, only the stretch of Highway 1 between Banff National Park and Calgary had been assigned exit numbers.[5]

Future[edit]

Parks Canada has completed twinning the final 8.5 km (5.3 mi) of Highway 1 between Lake Louise and the British Columbia border, with the new alignment opened to traffic on June 12, 2014.[6]

Planning is underway to realign Highway 1 around the Town of Strathmore.[12] Strathmore is the only low-speed signalized section of the highway between Calgary and Saskatchewan without a bypass plan.[13] The route under consideration for the realignment begins northwest of Gleichen, continuing west to run south of Eagle Lake and then continuing northwest where it will rejoin the existing alignment between Highway 24 and Strathmore. The proposed plan also contemplates a link to the Highway 22X corridor.[13]

Construction of an interchange at Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road in Medicine Hat is expected to start in the fall of 2012, with completion estimated by the summer of 2014.[14]

Major intersections[edit]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km[2][5] Mile Exit Destinations Notes
Improvement District No. 9
(Banff National Park)
Alberta–British Columbia border 0 0 BC 1 west – Field, Golden, Revelstoke, Kamloops Enters Banff National Park
Kicking Horse Pass
  7 4 Hwy 93 north (Icefields Parkway) – Saskatchewan River Crossing, Rocky Mountain House, Jasper Concurrency with Highway 93 begins
  10 6 Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Parkway) – Lake Louise, Castle Mountain
  35 22 Hwy 93 south (Banff-Windermere Highway) – Radium Hot Springs, Invermere, Cranbrook Concurrency with Highway 93 ends
  56 35 Sunshine Road to Sunshine Village
  59 37 Hwy 1A west (Bow Valley Parkway) – Castle Mountain
Banff 65 40 Mt. Norquay Road
69 43 Banff Avenue
  81 50 East gate of Banff National Park
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8   83 52 83 Harvie Heights Road
Canmore 86 53 86 Bow Valley Trail / Palliser Trail
89 55 89 Palliser Trail
91 57 91 Hwy 1A east (Bow Valley Trail) – Exshaw, Morley, Cochrane
93 58 93 Hwy 742 south (Three Sisters Parkway)
98 61 98 George Biggy Sr. Road / Dead Man's Flats
  105 65 105 Lac Des Arcs
Kananaskis Improvement District   114 71 114 Hwy 1X north – Seebe, Exshaw
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8   118 73 118 Hwy 40 south (Kananaskis Trail)
  124 77 124
  131 81 131 Morley Road
  137 85 137 Bear Hill Road
Rocky View   143 89 143 Hwy 68 south (Sibbald Creek Trail)
  156 97 156 Jumping Pound Road
  161 100 161 Hwy 22 – Cochrane, Bragg Creek
  169 105 169 Range Road 33 (Calaway Park)
  172 107 172 Hwy 563 east (Old Banff Coach Road)
City of Calgary 176 109 Valley Ridge Boulevard / Crestmont Boulevard
177 110 177 Hwy 201 north (Stoney Trail)
179 111 Canada Olympic Drive to Canada Olympic Park / Bowfort Road
180 112 Sarcee Trail to Hwy 2 south
183 114 Bowness Road
183.5 114.0 Shaganappi Trail
184 114 West Campus Boulevard
185 115 University Drive to University of Calgary
186 116 Hwy 1A west (Crowchild Trail)
187 116 14 Street NW to City Centre
188 117 10 Street NW
189.5 117.7 Centre Street N
190 118 Edmonton Trail
192 119 Hwy 2 (Deerfoot Trail) – Edmonton, Red Deer, Fort Macleod (link to Calgary International Airport)
194 121 Barlow Trail
195 121 36 Street NE
197 122 52 Street NE
199 124 68 Street NE
200 124 Hwy 201 (Stoney Trail)
Rocky View Chestermere 208 129 Hwy 1A west (17 Avenue SE / Township Road 242) – Chestermere, Calgary
212 132 Hwy 791 (Range Road 280) – Delacour, Indus
  219 136 Hwy 9 north – Beiseker, Drumheller
Hwy 797 south (Range Road 272) – Langdon
Wheatland   228 142 Hwy 24 south – Cheadle, Lethbridge
Strathmore 238 148 Hwy 817 (Wheatland Trail) – Ardenode, Carseland
  248 154 Hwy 21 north – Rockyford, Three Hills
  260 162 Hwy 561 east – Hussar
  278 173 Hwy 547 west – Gleichen, Arrowwood, Mossleigh, Aldersyde
  282 175 Hwy 901 west – Gleichen
  292 181 Hwy 842 – Chancellor, Cluny, Milo
  308 191 Hwy 56 north – Drumheller, Stettler
Newell Bassano 327 203 6 Avenue
  330 205 Hwy 550 east – Rosemary
  364 226 Hwy 36 (Veteran Memorial Highway) – Hanna, Taber
Brooks 373 232 Hwy 873 (2nd Street W) – Duchess, Rainier
376 234 Hwy 542 west (Cassils Road) – Cassils Road
  385 239 Hwy 875 south – Rolling Hills, Hays
  394 245 Hwy 876 – Tilley, Patricia
Cypress   439 273 Hwy 884 north – Ralston, Jenner, CFB Suffield
  465 289 Hwy 524 west – Hays, Vauxhall
Redcliff 471 293 Mitchell Street
City of Medicine Hat 476 296 Box Springs Road
477 296 3 Street NW
478 297 1 Street SW
480 298 Hwy 3 west (Crowsnest Highway) – Bow Island, Taber, Lethbridge
Hwy 41A east (Gershaw Drive)
482 300 College Avenue / South Ridge Drive
483 300 13 Avenue SE
485 301 Dunmore Road / South Boundary Road
Cypress Dunmore 492 306 Eagle Butte Road
  494 307 Hwy 41 north (Buffalo Trail) – Oyen, Consort Highway 41 concurrency begins
  510 317 Hwy 41 south (Buffalo Trail) – Wild Horse, Cypress Hills Highway 41 concurrency ends
Irvine 514 319 Wilhelm Street
Walsh 531 330 4 Avenue
Alberta–Saskatchewan border 534 332 Hwy 1 east – Maple Creek, Swift Current, Moose Jaw, Regina

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Department of Public Works (1939). "Highway Map of Province of Alberta Canada". Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Alberta Tourism, Parks and Recreation. Alberta Official Road Map (Map) (2011 ed.). Section L–3, L-4, L–5, L–6, M–6, M–7, M–8, and N–8.
  3. ^ Provincial Highways Designation Order, Alberta Transportation, p. 1 
  4. ^ "National Highway System". Transport Canada. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "2010 Provincial Highways 1 - 216 Series Progress Chart". Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Crews complete twinning of Trans-Canada through Banff National Park". CTV Calgary. 2014-06-13. Retrieved 2014-06-13. 
  7. ^ "The Trans-Canada Highway". Transport Canada. 2009-12-13. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  8. ^ a b c d "August 2009 Contract Maintenance of Provincial Highways". Alberta Transportation. 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Alberta Provincial Highway Projects". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2011-02-20. 
  10. ^ "Exit Numbering – Recommended Practices". Alberta Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  11. ^ "TSB Newsletter – Volume 4, Issue 1". Alberta Transportation. March 2005. Retrieved 2011-02-12. 
  12. ^ "Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network East of Calgary, Highway 842 to Highway 797, Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  13. ^ a b "Open House #1 - Highway 1 Alignment and Area Network, Highway 842 to Highway 797 Planning Study". Alberta Transportation. Retrieved 2010-04-14. 
  14. ^ "Dunmore Road interchange drives forward in Medicine Hat". Government of Alberta. 2012-02-29. Retrieved 2012-02-29. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
BC Highway 1
Trans-Canada Highway
AB Highway 1
Succeeded by
SK Highway 1