Alberta Highway 1A

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Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1A[1] is the designation of three alternate routes off the Alberta portion of the Trans-Canada Highway. However, it is not the only name used for spurs off Highway 1 - Highway 1X is another such designation. These highways, however, are not part of the Trans-Canada Highway network, and only have Alberta's provincial primary highway shields instead of the ones used for the Trans-Canada Highway.

Bow Valley Parkway[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A shield

Highway 1A
Bow Valley Parkway
Route information
Maintained by Parks Canada
Length: 51 km (32 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Hwy 1 at Lake Louise
East end: Hwy 1 west of Banff
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
I.D. No. 9
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1 Hwy 1A

The Lake Louise to Banff section of the Banff National Park 1A route is also known as the Bow Valley Parkway.[2] It begins at Highway 1 at Lake Louise, generally paralleling it until it meets Highway 1 again approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of Banff. It provides more immediate access to attractions in Banff National Park such as Castle Mountain and Johnston Canyon. This spur has a reduced speed limit of 60 km/h (37 mph), and provides opportunity to view wildlife at various times of the year.

Parks Canada introduced planned and marked pullovers along the route to enhance and educate visitors about the region. The Bow Valley Parkway is one of only two parkways between Lake Louise and Banff, and the only one that allows views of the mountain scenery, waterfalls, and various view points of the nearby rivers and creeks. It was the original highway that connected the valley and holds heritage appeal to many locals.[citation needed]

A former section of Highway 1A precedes the Bow Valley Parkway. Known as Lake Louise Drive, the former route begins at Highway 1 in British Columbia, 2.9 km (1.8 mi) into Yoho National Park. It meanders eastward to Lake Louise, generally paralleling the main Highway 1 and CPR rail line to the south.

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the west end of Highway 1A:[3]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km Mile Destinations Notes
Columbia-Shuswap Regional District Yoho National Park −13 BC 1 West to Field and Golden
East to formal Banff National Park entrance
51°26′52″N 116°19′32″W / 51.44778°N 116.32556°W / 51.44778; -116.32556 (1A:01 km 00)
Columbia-Shuswap Regional District
Improvement District No. 9
Continental Divide −10 Kicking Horse Pass British Columbia / Alberta border
51°27′3″N 116°17′9″W / 51.45083°N 116.28583°W / 51.45083; -116.28583 (1A:01 km 03)
Improvement District No. 9 Banff National Park −3 Lake Louise Drive Lake Louise
West to Chateau Lake Louise
51°25′7″N 116°12′13″W / 51.41861°N 116.20361°W / 51.41861; -116.20361 (1A:01 km 10)
−2 Moraine Lake Road South to Moraine Lake
51°24′48″N 116°11′27″W / 51.41333°N 116.19083°W / 51.41333; -116.19083 (1A:01 km 11)
0 0 Hwy 1 West to Hwy 93 north and British Columbia / Alberta border
East to Hwy 93 south
Grade separated
51°25′34″N 116°10′24″W / 51.42611°N 116.17333°W / 51.42611; -116.17333 (1A:01 km 13)
27 17 Castle Junction
South to Highway 1, Hwy 93 south, & Radium Hot Springs
51°16′9″N 115°55′6″W / 51.26917°N 115.91833°W / 51.26917; -115.91833 (1A:01 km 40)
34 21 Johnston Creek 51°14′42″N 115°50′26″W / 51.24500°N 115.84056°W / 51.24500; -115.84056 (1A:01 km 47)
51 32 Hwy 1 East to Banff and Canmore
West to Hwy 93 south and Lake Louise
Grade separated
51°10′11″N 115°39′23″W / 51.16972°N 115.65639°W / 51.16972; -115.65639 (1A:01 km 64)
  •       Closed/former

Bow Valley Trail[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A.svgAlberta Highway 1A (Bow Valley).svg

Highway 1A
Bow Valley Trail, Crowchild Trail
Route information
Maintained by Alberta Transportation
Length: 89 km (55 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Hwy 1 in Canmore
  Hwy 40
Hwy 22
Hwy 201
East end: 12 Mile Coulee Road, west Calgary limits
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
Bighorn No. 8 M.D., Rocky View County
Major cities: Calgary
Towns: Canmore, Cochrane
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1A Hwy 1A

The second of the 1A routes, known as the Bow Valley Trail, begins in Canmore, off of the Trans-Canada Highway at exit 91. It extends west into Canmore, carrying "Bow Valley Trail" as the name of the street, while it is not a highway itself. This extension through Canmore rejoins the Trans-Canada Highway at exit 86.

From exit 91, it heads eastbound, along the Canadian Pacific Railway tracks, until it reaches the Hamlet of Exshaw. From Exshaw, Bow Valley Trail heads to the northeast, past Highway 1X and Highway 40.

Just east of Highway 1X, Bow Valley Trail narrows and the speed limit is reduced to 80 km/h (50 mph) for approximately thirty kilometres as it passes through the Stoney Indian Reserve, where warning signs that there may be livestock and/or pedestrians on the road are posted. Highway 1A passes Morley approximately eight kilometres from the reserve's eastern boundary; the community is situated just south of the highway. As the highway leaves the reserve, it widens and the speed limit increases back to 100 km/h (62 mph). Shortly after leaving the reserve, the highway skirts the north shore of Ghost Lake, a manmade glacier lake that is a popular spot for Calgary's boating and sailing enthusiasts in the summer, as well as ice sailing in the winter.[citation needed] The lake also supplies most of the water power for Calgary through TransAlta Utilities. Highway 1A meets northbound Highway 40 three kilometres after passing Ghost Lake.

From Highway 40, Bow Valley Trail proceeds towards the east, and then slightly to the southeast, before reaching the Town of Cochrane, where it intersects with Highway 22. There, the highway proceeds a short distance to the southeast. The highway widens to 4 lanes just west of Highway 766 until it reaches Calgary, where it continues as Crowchild Trail, a major north-south expressway, (although it travels in a southeasterly direction from the city limits to 24 Avenue NW) through the northwest and southwest parts of the city. While within the Calgary city limits, it crosses Stoney Trail (Highway 201) as well as a number of major streets, before reuniting with the Trans-Canada Highway (known as 16 Avenue North in Calgary) near McMahon Stadium and the University of Calgary. Although Crowchild Trail extends into Calgary, it does not carry a highway designation because it is maintained by the City of Calgary rather than Alberta Transportation.

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the west end of Highway 1A:[3]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km Mile Destinations Notes
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8 Canmore −5 Hwy 1 – Lake Louise, Banff, Calgary Exit 86
Grade separated
51°6′36″N 115°22′8″W / 51.11000°N 115.36889°W / 51.11000; -115.36889 (1A:02 km 00)
0 0 Hwy 1 – Lake Louise, Banff, Calgary Exit 91
Grade separated
51°4′29″N 115°19′53″W / 51.07472°N 115.33139°W / 51.07472; -115.33139 (1A:02 km 00)
  14 9 Exshaw 51°3′31″N 115°9′53″W / 51.05861°N 115.16472°W / 51.05861; -115.16472 (1A:02 km 14)
  21 13 Hwy 1X / Hwy 40 south – Seebe, Kananaskis Country Highway 40 concurrency begins
51°6′9″N 115°5′13″W / 51.10250°N 115.08694°W / 51.10250; -115.08694 (1A:02 km 21)
  43 27 South to Morley 51°10′46″N 114°50′42″W / 51.17944°N 114.84500°W / 51.17944; -114.84500 (1A:04 km 43)
  55 34 Ghost Lake 51°12′37″N 114°45′46″W / 51.21028°N 114.76278°W / 51.21028; -114.76278 (1A:04 km 50)
Rocky View   58 36 Hwy 40 north – Waiparous, Sundre, Nordegg Highway 40 concurrency ends
51°13′27″N 114°39′36″W / 51.22417°N 114.66000°W / 51.22417; -114.66000 (1A:04 km 58)
Cochrane 71 44 Hwy 22 – Sundre, Cremona, Bragg Creek, Turner Valley Range Road 42
Traffic lights
51°11′54″N 114°29′10″W / 51.19833°N 114.48611°W / 51.19833; -114.48611 (1A:06 km 71)
  83 52 Hwy 766 north (Lochend Road) – Madden Range Road 32
51°10′18″N 114°19′38″W / 51.17167°N 114.32722°W / 51.17167; -114.32722 (1A:06 km 83)
City of Calgary 89 55 12 Mile Coulee Road, Range Road 25 Calgary city limits
Traffic lights
51°8′37″N 114°15′25″W / 51.14361°N 114.25694°W / 51.14361; -114.25694 (1A:06 km 89)
92 57 Hwy 201 (Stoney Trail) Grade separated
51°7′52″N 114°13′40″W / 51.13111°N 114.22778°W / 51.13111; -114.22778 (1A:07 km 092)
98 61 Shaganappi Trail Grade separated
51°5′53″N 114°8′58″W / 51.09806°N 114.14944°W / 51.09806; -114.14944 (1A:07 km 098)
103 64 Hwy 1 (16 Avenue NW) – Medicine Hat, Banff Grade separated
51°4′1″N 114°7′5″W / 51.06694°N 114.11806°W / 51.06694; -114.11806 (1A:07 km 103)
  •       Closed/former
  •       Concurrency terminus

Calgary to Chestermere[edit]

Alberta Highway 1A shield

Highway 1A
Chestermere Boulevard[4]
Route information
Maintained by Town of Chestermere[4]
Length: 4.4 km (2.7 mi)
Major junctions
West end: Calgary/Chestermere limits (100 Street SE/Conrich Road)
  Hwy 2
Hwy 201
East end: Hwy 1 in Chestermere
Location
Major cities: Calgary
Towns: Chestermere
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1A Hwy 1X

The third segment of Highway 1A is located within the Town of Chestermere. It begins 3.2 km (2.0 mi) south of Highway 1 at the town's western boundary with the City of Calgary. It parallels Highway 1 as it travels 5.1 km (3.2 mi) east through Chestermere ending at Range Road 281A after crossing over Highway 1.[3] The Town of Chestermere took over control of the segment in June 2013.[4]

In Calgary, the highway is preceded by 17 Avenue SE (International Avenue), until it crosses Highway 2 (Deerfoot Trail, at exit 254), where it then becomes Blackfoot Trail. The highway is succeeded by Township Road 243, which connects to Range Road 281 that provides access to Rocky View County.[3]

Major intersections[edit]

Starting from the west end of Highway 1A:[3][5]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km Mile Destinations Notes
City of Calgary -9.8 −6.1 Hwy 2, Deerfoot Trail Continues as Blackfoot Trail
Grade separated
51°2′13″N 114°0′17″W / 51.03694°N 114.00472°W / 51.03694; -114.00472 (1A:07 km 24)
−3.9 Hwy 201, Stoney Trail Grade separated
51°2′16″N 113°55′16″W / 51.03778°N 113.92111°W / 51.03778; -113.92111 (1A:07 km 30)
0.0 0.0 100 Street SE, Range Road 284, Conrich Road City / town limits
51°2′16″N 113°51′55″W / 51.03778°N 113.86528°W / 51.03778; -113.86528 (1A:08 km 0.0)
Rocky View Chestermere 3.5 2.2 Chestermere Drive Chestermere
Traffic lights
51°2′59″N 113°49′23″W / 51.04972°N 113.82306°W / 51.04972; -113.82306 (1A:08 km 3.5)
4.4 2.7 Hwy 1 East to Strathmore
Grade separated
51°3′9″N 113°48′45″W / 51.05250°N 113.81250°W / 51.05250; -113.81250 (1A:08 km 4.4)
5.1 3.2 Range Road 281A Continues as Township Road 243
51°3′9″N 113°48′7″W / 51.05250°N 113.80194°W / 51.05250; -113.80194 (1A:08 km 4.4)
  •       Closed/former

Highway 1X[edit]

Alberta Highway 1X shield

Highway 1X
Route information
Maintained by Alberta Transportation
Length: 4.5 km (2.8 mi)
Major junctions
South end: Hwy 1 west of Seebe
North end: Hwy 1A east of Exshaw
Location
Specialized
and rural
municipalities:
Kananaskis I.D., Bighorn No. 8 M.D.
Highway system

Provincial highways in Alberta

Hwy 1A Hwy 2

Alberta Provincial Highway No. 1X[1] is a spur highway between Highway 1 and Highway 1A approximately 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Exshaw near the western edge of the Stoney Indian Reserve. It serves as the only Bow River crossing between Canmore to the west and Morley to the east, providing access to First Nations lands and communities in the area. At 4.5 km (2.8 mi) in length, it is one of Alberta's shortest provincial highways.[3] Highway 40 runs concurrent with it for its entire length.

Major intersections[edit]

Rural/specialized municipality Location km[3] Mile Destinations Notes
Kananaskis Improvement District   0.0 0.0 Hwy 1 West to Canmore
East to Calgary
Grade separated
Highway 1X begins
Highway 40 concurrency begins
51°4′41″N 115°3′27″W / 51.07806°N 115.05750°W / 51.07806; -115.05750 (1X km 0.0)
M.D. of Bighorn No. 8   2.2 1.4 Crosses Bow River 51°5′48″N 115°3′51″W / 51.09667°N 115.06417°W / 51.09667; -115.06417 (1X km 2.2)
  3.0 1.9 Seebe
  4.5 2.8 Alberta Highway 1A.svg Hwy 1A West to Exshaw
East to Ghost Lake
Highway 1X ends
Highway 40 concurrency ends
51°6′9″N 115°5′14″W / 51.10250°N 115.08722°W / 51.10250; -115.08722 (1X km 4.2)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Provincial Highways Designation Order, Alberta Transportation, p. 1 
  2. ^ Lake Louise Road & Trail Map
  3. ^ a b c d e f g 2010 Provincial Highways 1 - 216 Progress Chart (map, 8 MB) by Alberta Transportation.
  4. ^ a b c "Highway 1A Becomes Chestermere Boulevard". Town of Chestermere. June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ Alberta Transportation (2010-01-01). Provincial Highway Designation – Highway 1A.

External links[edit]