Alberta general election, 1940

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Alberta general election, 1940
Alberta
1935 ←
members
March 21, 1940 (1940-03-21) → 1944
members

57 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta
29 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  W aberhart.jpg
Leader William Aberhart Andrew Davison
Party Social Credit Independent Movement
Leader since September 3, 1935 1940
Leader's seat Calgary Calgary
Last election 56 seats, 54.2% pre-creation
Seats before 47
Seats won 36 19
Seat change -11
Popular vote 132,507 131,172
Percentage 42.9% 42.5%
Swing -11.3%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Leader unknown Edward L. Gray
Party Labour Liberal
Leader since June 4, 1937
Leader's seat ran in unknown
Last election 0 seats, 1.7% 5 seats, 23.1%
Seats before 0 6
Seats won 1 1
Seat change +1 -5
Popular vote 3,258 2,755
Percentage 1.1% 0.9%
Swing -0.6% -22.2%

Premier before election

William Aberhart
Social Credit

Premier-designate

William Aberhart
Social Credit

The Alberta general election of 1940 was the ninth general election for the Province of Alberta, Canada, was held on March 21, 1940 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta.

Despite its failure to implement its key policy, providing prosperity certificates to all Albertans, the Social Credit Party of Premier William Aberhart won a second term in government. Nevertheless, it lost a considerable number of seats that it had gained in the 1935 landslide.

Unity Movement[edit]

The Conservative and Liberal parties as well as the remains of the United Farmers, recognizing the widespread popularity of the Social Credit party, ran joint candidates as independents in what was called the "Independent Movement" or the "Unity Movement". Although independent candidates won almost as many votes as Social Credit, the strategy was unsuccessful in preventing Social Credit from winning a majority of the seats in the legislature.

The Liberal party under leader Edward Gray chose only to support Independent candidates that it played a hand in nominating and it nominated other candidates under its own banner. Gray felt that candidates should not be machined into the field and left it up to the individual Liberal constituency associations to decide if they would support a candidate or not.[1]

Co-operative Commonwealth[edit]

The social democratic Cooperative Commonwealth Federation nominated candidates for the first time, but failed to win any seats in the legislature, despite winning over 10% of the popular vote under the leadership of former United Farmers of Alberta MLA Chester Ronning. Like Ronning, most of the CCF's candidates had run in the 1935 election for the UFA.

Results[edit]

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1935 Elected % Change # % % Change
     Social Credit
William Aberhart
56 56 36 -35.7% 132,507 42.90% -11.35%
     Independent
Andrew Davison
59 - 19   131,172 42.47% +41.57%
     Labour 2 - 1   3,258 1.05% -0.63%
Liberal
Edward Gray
2 5 1 -80.0% 2,755 0.89% -22.25%
     Cooperative Commonwealth
Chester Ronning
36   -   34,316 11.11%  
  Independent Progressive 4   -   1,726 0.56%  
  Independent Liberal 1 - - 1,136 0.37% 0.06%
     Communist 1 - - - 1,067 0.35% -1.56%
Independent Social Credit 1   -   362 0.12%  
     Independent Farmer 2   -   314 0.10%  
  Independent Labour 1 - - - 251 0.08% +0.01%
Total 165 63 57 -9.5% 308,8641 100%
 
Source: Elections Alberta

Notes:

1 First vote count used.

Members elected[edit]

For complete electoral history, see individual districts

9th Alberta Legislative Assembly
  District Member Party
     Acadia-Coronation Clarence Gerhart Social Credit
     Alexandra Selmer Berg Social Credit
     Athabasca Gordon Lee Social Credit
     Banff-Cochrane Frank Laut Independent
     Beaver River Lucien Maynard Social Credit
     Bow Valley-Empress Wilson Cain Social Credit
     Bruce James L. McPherson Social Credit
     Calgary James Mahaffy Independent
     Fred Anderson Social Credit
     Andrew Davison Independent
     William Aberhart Social Credit
     John J. Bowlen Independent
     Camrose David B. Mullen Social Credit
     Cardston Nathan Eldon Tanner Social Credit
     Clover Bar Floyd Baker Social Credit
     Cypress Fay Jackson Independent
     Didsbury Ernest M. Brown Independent
     Drumheller Gordon Taylor Social Credit
     Edmonton Ernest Manning Social Credit
     John P. Page Independent
     Norman James Social Credit
     David Milwyn Duggan Independent
     Hugh John Macdonald Independent
     Edson Angus James Morrison Labour
     Gleichen Donald McKinnon Independent
     Grande Prairie Lewis O'Brien Independent
  Grouard Joseph Tremblay Liberal
     Hand Hills Wallace Cross Social Credit
     Lac Ste. Anne Albert Bourcier Social Credit
     Lacombe Duncan MacMillan Social Credit
     Leduc Ronald Ansley Social Credit
     Lethbridge Peter M. Campbell Independent
     Little Bow Peter Dawson Social Credit
     Macleod James Hartley Social Credit
     Medicine Hat John Lyle Robinson Social Credit
     Okotoks-High River John Broomfield Independent
     Olds Norman E. Cook Social Credit
     Peace River Eld J. Martin Independent
     Pembina George MacLachlan Independent
     Pincher Creek-Crowsnest Ernest Duke Social Credit
     Ponoka Percy McKelvey Independent
     Red Deer Alfred Speakman Independent
     Redwater James Popil Social Credit
     Rocky Mountain House Alfred Hooke Social Credit
     Sedgewick Albert Fee Social Credit
     Spirit River Henry DeBolt Social Credit
     St. Albert Lionel Tellier Independent
     St. Paul Joseph Beaudry Social Credit
     Stettler Chester Reynolds Social Credit
     Stony Plain Cornelia Wood Social Credit
     Taber Roy S. Lee Social Credit
     Vegreville George Woytkiw Social Credit
     Vermillion William Fallow Social Credit
     Wainwright William Masson Social Credit
     Warner James H. Walker Independent
     Wetaskiwin John Wingblade Social Credit
     Willingdon William Tomyn Social Credit

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Liberals Against Independents If "Machined into Field" - Gray". The Lethbridge Herald. January 23, 1940. p. 7. 

See also[edit]