Albertine (1886 novel)
Albertine is a novel written in 1886 by Norwegian painter and writer Christian Krohg.
The novel is set in Norway's capital, Christiania, and deals with the life of the unmarried seamstress Albertine, who is eventually forced into prostitution due to the social system of the time. The book was confiscated shortly after its publication. In 1888 the Supreme Court of Norway upheld the confiscation, and Krohg was sentenced to pay a fine of NOK 100. Krohg also made several paintings based on the "Albertine" motif, including Trett in 1885 and Albertine i politilægens venteværelse in 1887. 
Albertine is a poor seamstress, living in the eastern part of Christiania. She is being seduced by a "Winther", a police officer, who eventually rapes her while she is unconscious. Later she experiences a humiliating visit to the police doctor's office. She finally ends up as a prostitute, operating in the Vika district of the city.
Confiscation, trial and reactions
The book was published on 20 December 1886, and the next day it was confiscated by the police, following orders from the Minister of Justice. A fierce newspaper feud developed, but the confiscation was upheld by the court, both the City Court and the Supreme Court. A demonstration held outside Prime Minister Johan Sverdrup's office in January 1887 gathered 5,000 protesters, largely workers and students. The Prime Minister defended his fellow Minister's actions and the confiscation, but expressed the view that he would exterminate the problems described in the novel.
- Berg, Knut. "Christian Krohg". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 18 September 2011.
- Jæger, Henrik; Anderssen, Otto (1896). Illustreret norsk Literaturhistorie (in Norwegian) 2. Kristiania: Hjalmar Biglers forlag. pp. 886–887.
- Berg, Knut (1991). Norges Malerkunst (in Norwegian) 1. Oslo: Gyldendal. pp. 430–431. ISBN 82-05-20587-6.
- Beyer, Edvard (1975). Norges Litteraturhistorie (in Norwegian) 3. Oslo: Cappelen. pp. 587–589. ISBN 82-02-02996-1.
- Dahl, Willy (1984). Tid og tekst 1884–1935. Norges litteratur (in Norwegian) 2. Oslo: Aschehoug. pp. 32–37. ISBN 82-03-10571-8.
- Beyer, Edvard. "Albertine". In Henriksen, Petter. Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 22 September 2011.