Albinus (consul 493)

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Albinus, or Caecina Decius Faustus Albinus,[1] (floruit 490–525) was a Roman politician during the reign of Theodoric the Great. He held the consulship with Flavius Eusebius in 493. Albinus is best known for being identified with the senator whom Boethius defended from accusations of treasonous correspondence with the Eastern Roman Empire by the referandarius Cyprianus -- only to have Cyprianus then accuse Boethius of the same crime.[2]

Albinus was son of Caecina Decius Maximus Basilius (consul in 480), and brother of Avienus (consul in 501), Theodorus (consul in 505) and Inportunus.[3] John Moorhead argues that the brothers were on different sides of the Laurentian schism, with Albinus and Avienus supporting Symmachus and Theodore and Inportunus supporting Laurentius.[4] The Liber Pontificalis reports that Albinus and his wife Glaphyra, during the pontificate of Symmachus, built a basilica dedicated to Saint Peter on the Via Trebana at the 27th milepost, on the farm of Pacinianus.[5]

In 523 or 524, the referandarius Cyprianus accused Albinus of treasonous correspondence before king Theodoric in his court at Verona. Boethius, who later explained himself as having "countless times interposed my authority to protect wretched men from danger when they were hounded by the endless false accusations of the barbarians in their continuous and unpunished lust for wealth",[6] stepped up to shield Albinus. Cyprianus then accused Boethius of the same crime; Boethius was imprisoned, and eventually executed. In the words of Thomas Hodgkin, "Albinus disappears from the narrative, but was probably condemned along with Boethius" [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The complete form of his name as given by Alan Cameron and Diane Schauer, "The Last Consul: Basilius and His Diptych", The Journal of Roman Studies, 72 (1982), p. 128
  2. ^ Anonymus Valesianus, 14.85-87. Text and English translation of this document is in J.C. Rolfe (trans.), Ammianus Marcellinus (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972), vol. 3 pp. 560ff
  3. ^ Cassiodorus, Variae III.6.2; translated by S.J.B. Barnish, Cassiodorus: Variae (Liverpool: University press, 1992), p. 50
  4. ^ Moorhead, "The Decii under Theoderic", Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte, 33 (1984), p. 109
  5. ^ Raymond Davis (translator), The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis), first edition (Liverpool: University Press, 1989), p. 46
  6. ^ De consolatione philosophiae I.14; translated by V.E. Watts, Boethius: The consolation of philosophy (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1969), pp. 42f
  7. ^ Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders (Oxford, 1896), vol. 3 p. 496
Preceded by
Flavius Anastasius Augustus
Flavius Rufus
Consul of the Roman Empire
493
Succeeded by
Flavius Turcius Rufius Apronianus Asterius,
Flavius Praesidius