Alblasserdam

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Alblasserdam
Municipality
Church in background white pedestrian bridge in foreground
Church in Alblasserdam
Coat of arms in flag, the flag's top half is yellow, the bottom half red
Flag
Lion rampant, top half yellow on red background, bottom half red on yellow background
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Alblasserdam in a municipal map of South Holland
Location in South Holland
Coordinates: 51°52′N 4°39′E / 51.867°N 4.650°E / 51.867; 4.650Coordinates: 51°52′N 4°39′E / 51.867°N 4.650°E / 51.867; 4.650
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Bert Blase (PvdA)
Area[2]
 • Total 10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi)
 • Land 8.79 km2 (3.39 sq mi)
 • Water 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 4 m (13 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 19,838
 • Density 2,257/km2 (5,850/sq mi)
Demonym Alblasserdammer
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 2950–2954
Area code 078
Website www.alblasserdam.nl
Topographic map of Alblasserdam, Sept. 2014

Alblasserdam (Dutch: [ɑlˌblɑsərˈdɑm] ( )) is a town and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. It covers an area of 10.06 km2 (3.88 sq mi), of which 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi) is water, and has a population of 19,838 as of 2014. Alblasserdam is officially a part of the Drechtsteden region. A portion of the small village of Kinderdijk, which boasts the largest and most famous concentration of windmills in the Netherlands, is part of Alblasserdam.

Etymology[edit]

The name Alblasserdam is derived from its location near the creek Alblas where a dam was built. Inhabitants of Alblasserdam are called Alblasserdammers (singular: Alblasserdammer).

History[edit]

The town of Alblasserdam was first mentioned in the chronicles of Melis Stoke in 1299, but the municipality wasn't formed until 1447. Before that, it was part of Oud-Alblas.

Because of its location on the Noord river, one of the busiest waterways in Western Europe, water has played a major role in Alblasserdam's history. The river was important for its development and makes it an advantageous location for industry. Alblasserdam's strategic location also brought it negative consequences, however; between 1350 and 1821, the Alblasserwaard polder flooded 32 times. It also suffered during the German raid on Rotterdam on May 11, 1940, when its town centre was seriously damaged. The historic Kerkstraat (Church Street) and the characteristic dike construction along the river, however, were spared. The North Sea flood of 1953 also affected a portion of Alblasserdam.

Today, because of reinforcements to the dikes and improvement of the locks, water does not pose a direct danger to Alblasserdam any more.

Public transportation[edit]

Map of Alblasserdam

Sister and twin cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Portefeuilleverdeling" [Task distribution]. Bestuur en Organisatie (in Dutch). Gemeente Alblasserdam. Retrieved 15 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 2951 ED". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 16 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 

External links[edit]