Alboraya

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Alboraia
Alboraya/Alboraia
Municipality
Huerta Alboraya.jpg
Coat of arms of Alboraia
Coat of arms
Alboraia is located in Spain
Alboraia
Alboraia
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 39°30′0″N 0°21′8″W / 39.50000°N 0.35222°W / 39.50000; -0.35222Coordinates: 39°30′0″N 0°21′8″W / 39.50000°N 0.35222°W / 39.50000; -0.35222
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Horta Nord
Judicial district Moncada
Government
 • Alcalde Miguel Chavarria (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 8.3 km2 (3.2 sq mi)
Elevation 5 m (16 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 22,174
 • Density 2,700/km2 (6,900/sq mi)
Demonym Alborayense, "Chufero/a"
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46120
Official language(s) Spanish, Valencian
Website Official website

Alboraya[1] (Spanish: [alβoˈɾaʝa]) or Alboraia (Valencian: [aɫβoˈɾaja]) is a town and municipality of the province of Valencia, Spain. It is situated very close to the city of Valencia.

Originally a farming community, Alboraia has grown in the last decades following the development of the metropolitan area of Valencia. Better transport connections (including 2 stations of the Valencia metro system : Alboraia-Palmaret and Alboraia-Peris Aragó),[2] urban exodus from the city and foreign immigration have increased the population from 11,267 (1986) to 18,656 (2002 census). Of these 58.84% declared themselves to be Valencian speakers.

In 1994, 45.8% worked in the service sector, 33% in industry, 16.7% in agriculture and 3.60% in construction.

In the elections of May 2011, the People's Party (PP) lost their absolute majority, as they fell from 11 to 8 council seats. The remaining seats were won by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) (5), Unión Popular de Alboraya (3), Coalició Compromís (3) and Ciudadanos por Alboraya (Citizens for Alboraya) (2)[3] Subsequently a coalition of everyone but the PP was formed, with Miguel Chavarria becoming the first PSOE Mayor since 1999.[4]

Traditional crops are based on irrigated, intensive farming. Especially important are the tiger nuts (Spanish: Chufas; Valencian: Xufes), which are used to produce the world famous horchata, a popular refreshment. The town has many orxateries – bars in which to relax and chill out while having an horchata in the hot Valencian summers.

Geography[edit]

The town still preserves large open fields, with intensive crops that are the essential richness that this land has always had. As the years pass, the extension of farmland is shrinking due to urban pressure. The designation of the city of Valencia as host city for the 2007 America's Cup has been a major development for the land which the tertiary sector in the municipality of Alboraya, due to its proximity to the future race, the availability of a port Active Sports and the current status of its three industrial parks that have resulted in an approximate percentage of 75% of the teams sailors have set their bases of operations for the sports event in this population.

However, since there are such large areas of irrigation, the municipality is divided into eight parts: Calvet, Desamparados, Mar, Masamardá, Masquefa, Miracle, Savoy and Vera.

Alboraya is connected to the rest of the Valencian metropolitan area by Line 3 of the Valencia Metro with two stations called Alboraya and Palmaret and Line 70 of the Municipal Transport Company of Valencia, EMT, in Patacona provides buses on Line 31 of the EMT bus company. The future Line 10 of the Valencia Metro will connect the Port Saplaya area to Valencia port.

The Council offers the people a local bus service, which runs through the villages of Alboraya, linking the village with Port Saplaya and Patacona seven days a week, with a frequency of one bus every hour.

Neighbouring towns[edit]

Alboraya is bordered by Almàssera to the northwest by Meliana to the north, by Tavernes Blanques to the west, Valencia city to the south and the Mediterranean Sea to the east. All in the province of Valencia.

History[edit]

Alquería Muslim King James I of Aragon gave the bishop of Huesca, Canyelles Vidal. Teresa Gil de Vidaura, managed the property through a land swap with the bishop, to which add to the heritage of James Jericho, and his son King James II of Aragon. In the year 1331, passed into the hands of Gilberto Zanoguera [1], who founded the lordship of Alboraya. During the 15th century, was held by the Crown. At the end, is the outback of Rafelterras.

The church was built in the 15th century under the advocation of St. Mary. Along the Barranco de Carraixet won a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Desamparados, its first building dates from 1414 and was ordered built by the General Council of Valencia the year 1400 for that to consecrate a cemetery where the executed were buried and the disadvantaged. The present building is new.

The main activity is agriculture, and the most important crop is the plug, which has become popular in the Alboraya horchata.

The year 1646 population census provides a calculation of 88 houses; Cavanilles population figure, the year 1794, in 560 neighbors in the mid-19th century the number of points Madoz 3301 inhabitants; Sanchís Sivera, 1922 given notice of 4265.

Demography[edit]

The population has grown considerably: in 1986 there were 11,267 people, and by 2002 the figure had risen to 18,656, of which, 58.84% reported in the 2001 census that they knew about Valencia . It has a population of 22,174 inhabitants according to (INE 2008).

Demographic trends
1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2000 2005 2008
4.700 4.807 5.712 6.124 6.749 6.885 8.073 9.126 10.727 11.687 16.943 20.514 22.174

Business[edit]

Economic activity in the population is distributed as follows (1994 data): 45.80% work in the service sector, 33% in industry, 16.70% in agriculture, and finally, 3.60% in construction.[citation needed]

Arts and architecture[edit]

Alboraya still taste typical of people in an important part of the town, with the addition may also have a coastline of nearly four miles long, with two cores or residential neighborhoods separated by the mouth of the Barranco del Carraixet: Port Saplaya and Patacona. The first has a marina that offers the possibility of having the boat in the same door, in a residential complex and walk characterized by the warm ochres and temples, the Blue and pale pink, traditionally used in the painting of housing and the second born of the space occupied by a former paper mill buildings and adjoining first and second home, both areas with excellent beaches.

From its monuments include the church parish of the Assumption of Our Lady (18th century) with the home abbey formed a block. The people of Alboraya has other shrines such as the Christ of the Holy Souls in Mas Vilanova disappeared, the shrine of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Rectoret) in the house of the Rector, the hermitage of Santa Barbara (recently restored ) in the neighborhood of the same name, the chapel of San Cristobal near the industrial estate and at the mouth of the Barranco del Carraixet the chapel of the Miracle of the fish. All of them are guarding an important historical and artistic heritage, rich in sculptures, paintings, retablos, pottery.

The architecture of Alboraya displayed by modern townhouses late 19th and early 20th century and the farm houses and Moorish garden (Alquería El Machistre, where the museum is located in the plug and the Chufa ), testimony of a remote past, dotted with small ceramic home devotional altarpieces. It should be noted the "Puente del Moro" 5m wide by 8 long, that saved the Canal de Vera, and now can be seen in the gardens of the Paseo de Aragon, the Casa del Conde de Zanoguera [2] in the middle of the village square.


Cuisine[edit]

Typical foods include paella made with rice, beans and turnips (arròs amb naps fesols i); baked rice (arròs forn); rice with spinach; ox-liver paella (paella fetge); spicy snails (avellanencs). Local desserts include the fartón and the so-called "Christian cake" (escudella).


References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alboraya is the name used (as of 2006) by the [[Instituo Nacional de Estadística (Spain)|]]
  2. ^ Metro Valencia website.
  3. ^ Dades electorals detallades de les Eleccions Locals 2011, ARGOS, accessed 4 December 2012
  4. ^ El Bloc se hace con la alcaldía de Burjassot, Levante-EMV, 11 June 2011, accessed 4 December 2012

External links[edit]