Mayer sang as a child in the Cathedral Choir in Bamberg. He was a student of Gerhard Scheuer, Georg Meerwein, Maurice Bourgue and Ingo Goritzki, and began his professional career as principal oboist for the Bamberg Symphony Orchestra in 1990. He joined the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra as principal oboist in 1992, and has been principal oboist there since, together with Jonathan Kelly.
Mayer used to play a Green Line Oboe by the French company Buffet Crampon, but in 2009 switched to a line of wind instruments (Oboe, Oboe d'amore and English Horn) named after him by the German instrument maker Gebrüder Mönnig.
Albrecht Mayer joins the Berliner Philharmonisches Bläserensemble and the Berlin Philharmonic Winds Soloists ensemble, amongst other chamber musicensembles.
Bonjour Paris - Works by Fauré, D'Indy, Françaix, Hahn and Satie. Decca. (2010)
Albrecht Mayer in Venice (In Venedig) - Works by Marcello, Vivaldi and Albinoni. Decca. (2009)
New Seasons - transcriptions of music by Händel for oboe and orchestra played by Mayer with the Sinfonia Varsovia (Deutsche Grammophon 4760472)
Lieder ohne Worte (Songs Without Words) - transcriptions of music by J.S. Bach for oboe and orchestra with Mayer on the oboe, Nigel Kennedy on violin and the Sinfonia Varsovia (Deutsche Grammophon 4760472)
Auf Mozarts Spuren (In search of Mozart) August 2004, with Claudio Abbado and the Sinfonia Varsovia (Deutsche Grammophon 6231046)
Music for Oboe, Oboe d'amore, Cor anglais, and Piano - chamber music from the 19th century, with Markus Becker on piano (EMI Classics 5731672)
J.S. Bach's Double concerto for oboe and violin with Mayer on oboe and Nigel Kennedy on violin with the Berlin Philharmonic (EMI Classics 5570162)