Albury

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Albury
New South Wales
Over looking Albury.jpg
Albury, as viewed from the War Memorial on Monument Hill
Albury is located in New South Wales
Albury
Albury
Coordinates 36°04′50″S 146°54′57″E / 36.08056°S 146.91583°E / -36.08056; 146.91583Coordinates: 36°04′50″S 146°54′57″E / 36.08056°S 146.91583°E / -36.08056; 146.91583
Population 45,627 (2011)[1]
Established 1839
Postcode(s) 2640
Elevation 165.0 m (541 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Summer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
LGA(s) City of Albury
County Goulburn
State electorate(s) Albury
Federal Division(s) Farrer
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
22.1 °C
72 °F
8.7 °C
48 °F
701.3 mm
27.6 in

Albury /ˈɔːlbəri/[3] is a major regional city in New South Wales, Australia, located on the Hume Highway on the northern side of the Murray River. It is wholly within the boundaries of the City of Albury local government area. Albury has an urban population of 45,627 people.[1] It is separated from its twin city in Victoria, Wodonga by the Murray River. Together, the two cities form an urban area with a population of more than 80,000.[4] It is 462 kilometres (287 mi) from the state capital Sydney and 259.2 kilometres (161.1 mi) from the Victorian capital Melbourne.[5]

Geography[edit]

Albury is situated above the river flats of the Murray River, in the foothills of the Great Dividing Range. At the airport, Albury is 164 metres (538 ft) above sea level.[6]

Climate[edit]

Albury has a warm, temperate, four-season climate, with cool to mild winters and very warm to hot summers.[7] In summer, the mean daily maximum temperature is around 30 °C (86 °F) with low humidity; however, this is subject to substantial daily variation. An average of 17 days with a maximum above 35 °C (95 °F) occur in this summer period. Mean winter maximums are around 14 °C (57 °F) with many crisp, sunny days. Frosts are commonplace in winter, with approximately 20 days per year featuring minimums of below freezing.

Albury's mean annual rainfall is about 701.3 millimetres (27.61 in), which is more than Melbourne but less than Sydney. Rain can occur all year round, but most of it falls in the winter months with July's high mean of 82.3 mm (3.24 in) comparing with the March low of 37.9 mm (1.49 in). Albury has quite a high evaporation rate, giving the environment a drier look compared to drier cities like Melbourne with the city enjoying a high amount of sunshine annually.[8]

Climate data for Albury Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
41.9
(107.4)
39.0
(102.2)
35.7
(96.3)
27.6
(81.7)
22.5
(72.5)
19.5
(67.1)
25.0
(77)
28.9
(84)
36.5
(97.7)
39.5
(103.1)
42.2
(108)
44.6
(112.3)
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
30.9
(87.6)
27.6
(81.7)
22.7
(72.9)
17.8
(64)
13.9
(57)
13.0
(55.4)
14.8
(58.6)
17.7
(63.9)
21.2
(70.2)
25.4
(77.7)
28.8
(83.8)
22.1
(71.8)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
15.4
(59.7)
12.4
(54.3)
8.5
(47.3)
5.5
(41.9)
3.4
(38.1)
2.7
(36.9)
3.6
(38.5)
5.5
(41.9)
7.9
(46.2)
10.9
(51.6)
13.3
(55.9)
8.7
(47.7)
Record low °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
5.8
(42.4)
3.0
(37.4)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.4
(32.7)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
−4.0
(24.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 48.6
(1.913)
40.1
(1.579)
37.9
(1.492)
45.1
(1.776)
55.4
(2.181)
69.8
(2.748)
82.3
(3.24)
80.7
(3.177)
66.3
(2.61)
63.5
(2.5)
57.0
(2.244)
50.9
(2.004)
701.3
(27.61)
Avg. rainy days 6.1 5.6 5.3 6.3 9.9 13.6 15.9 15.0 12.3 10.0 8.6 7.2 115.8
Source: [7]

City and suburbs[edit]

Aerial view of the city
Albury skyline at sunset
Albury War Memorial by night
Albury Botanical Gardens
Typical Thurgoona street

The city itself comprises a number of suburbs.

Central Albury comprises the central business district (CBD) and lies between the railway line, the Murray River and Monument Hill. Much commercial activity is concentrated here, with Dean Street forming the axis of the main shopping and office district. A cultural precinct is centred on QE2 Square, including the Albury Library Museum, Albury Regional Art Gallery, Albury Performing Arts Centre and Convention Centre, and the Murray Conservatorium. In the same block are the Post Office, Police Station and Courthouse, as well St Matthew's Anglican Church which was rebuilt after being destroyed by fire in 1990. The Albury City council offices are located on Kiewa Street.

Forrest Hill lies directly north west and covers the saddle between Monument Hill and Nail Can Hill. West over the ridge lies West Albury. West Albury is primarily a residential area, but it is home to the First World War Memorial (locally known as the Monument), Riverwood Retirement Village, Albury Wodonga Private Hospital (which lies on the corner of Pemberton Street and the Riverina Highway), and the Albury sewerage treatment plant. All of West Albury was once wetland and bush. The only remnant of this is Horseshoe Lagoon to the south-west of the suburb, which has been declared a Wildlife Refuge by NSW Parks & Wildlife and incorporated into the Wonga Wetlands. To the north-west of West Albury is Pemberton Park.

East Albury lies east of the railway line/freeway from the CBD and houses cover the Eastern Hill alongside the Albury Base Hospital, while the flat land directly north of it is covered by parkland, housing and light industry, and a retail park including Harvey Norman and Spotlight franchises, as well as the city airport. The Mungabareena Reserve lies on the Murray south of the airport, and is considered an Aboriginal cultural site of some significance. Mungabareena means "place of plenty talk" in the Wiradjuri language.[9]

South Albury is a mix of residential and industrial areas, with the floodplains south of the railway line and freeway still used for farming and grazing. Flood mitigation works in the 1990s have dramatically reduced the risk of flooding in the residential areas of South Albury.

North Albury was once covered by orchards and vineyards in the first half of the 20th century, as was a swamp where the James Fallon High School now stands, but after the second world war housing development in the area increased and Waugh Road was extended from David Street to the "Five Ways" intersection at Union Road, which ascribes the border between North Albury and Lavington. The locality of Glenroy is adjacent to North Albury, west of the Bungambrawartha Creek, and housing development was developed in the 1970s, including a significant Housing Commission public housing estate.

Lavington is the largest suburb of Albury, and the only suburb which has its own postcode (2641, as opposed to 2640 for the balance of Albury). The suburb was originally named Black Range in the 1850s and 1860s, before being renamed Lavington in 1910.[10] Originally within the boundaries of Hume Shire, it was absorbed into the City of Albury Local Government Area in the 1950s. Housing and commercial development has continued from that point until this day. Prior to 2007, the Hume Highway – passed north-east through the suburb, with Urana Road passing north-west though the suburb from the "Five Ways" road junction. In 2007, an internal bypass of the Hume Freeway was opened,[11] with the former name of the Hume Highway section officially reverting to the commonly used "Wagga Road". The suburb of Lavington also includes the localities of Springdale Heights, Hamilton Valley and Norris Park. Albury's lawn cemetery and crematorium lies at the western end of Union Road.

Thurgoona, to the east of Lavington, was established as a new residential suburb by the Albury Wodonga Development Corporation in the 1970s. In the 1990s a new campus of the Charles Sturt University was established here, as was an office of the Murray Darling Freshwater Research Centre. A major golf club known as the Thurgoona Country Club Resort is also situated in this suburb.[12]

Further outlying localities include Splitters Creek – a small residential/farming community to the west, Ettamogah (home of the Ettamogah Pub, Bowna and Table Top to the north, and Wirlinga and Lake Hume village to the east. Howlong (20 km west) and Jindera (16 km north) are the closest towns outside of the Albury city area, and act as commuter dormitories as well as service centres for the local rural industry.

Albury's houses and buildings are numbered using a special system introduced in 1920. The centre of the city, which is defined as the intersection of Dean and Olive Streets, is numbered 500, and all other houses are numbered depending on whether they are north, south, east or west of the centre.[13]

Lake Hume[edit]

Lake Hume is situated on the Murray River 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) upstream of Albury. The Hume Dam (colloquially termed the Weir locally) wall construction took 17 years, from 1919–1936. A hydro-electric power plant supplies 60 megawatts (80,000 hp) of power to the state grid. When full, the lake covers 80 square kilometres (31 sq mi).

The lake was created for irrigation purposes and has caused significant changes to the flow patterns and ecology of the Murray River. Before the construction of the Hume Weir, flows in normal (non-drought) years were low in summer and autumn (though still significant overall), rising in winter due to seasonal rainfall and reaching a flood-peak in late spring due to snowmelt in the Murray and tributaries' alpine headwaters. The flow is effectively reversed now, with low flows in winter and sustained, relatively high flows in late spring, summer and early autumn to meet irrigation demands, although the spring flood peak has been virtually eliminated. In addition, the water released from the base of the Hume Weir is unnaturally cold. This flow reversal, temperature depression and removal of the spring flood peak has led to the drying out and loss of many billabongs and has harmed the populations of native fish of the Murray River such as the iconic Murray Cod.[14]

History[edit]

There are few remainders of the indigenous population of the area, although the Wiradjuri people occupied the area for many thousands of years before. Little history is documented about the relationship of Aboriginal people and the European settlers.

European exploration[edit]

The explorers Hume and Hovell arrived at what their maps named 'Crossing Point', but is now known as the Murray River at Albury, on 16 November 1824. They named the river the Hume River, after Hume's father, and the next day inscribed a tree by the river bank before continuing their journey south to Westernport in Victoria. In 1829,[citation needed] explorer Captain Charles Sturt discovered the Hume River downstream at its junction with the Murrumbidgee River. Not realising it was the same river, he named it the Murray River. Both names persisted for some time, Hume falling into disuse eventually in favour of Murray. The aboriginal name for the river was Millewa. A crossing place for the Murray became popular close to where Hovell inscribed the tree. In summer it was usually possible to cross the river by foot.

European settlement[edit]

Among the first squatters to follow in the steps of the explorers and settle in the district were William Wyse and Charles Ebden.

The first European buildings erected at the crossing place were a provisions store and small huts. A survey for a town was commissioned in 1838 by Assistant Surveyor Thomas Townsend who mapped out Woodonga Place (the present Wodonga Place) as the western boundary, Hume Street as the northern boundary, Kiewa Street to the east and Nurigong to the south, with Townsend Street being the only other north-south road, and Ebden and Hovell Streets being the other two east-west roads. Townsend proposed the settlement be named 'Bungambrewatha', the Aboriginal name for the area, but when his plan was eventually approved and published in the Government Gazette on 13 April 1839 the name had been changed to Albury.[15]

Albury is said to be named after a village in Kent, England which it resembled.[16]

By 1847, the Albury settlement included two public houses and a handful of huts, a police barracks and blacksmiths. A log punt established in 1844 serviced the crossing of the Murray River. Albury Post Office opened on 1 April 1843, closed in 1845, then reopened in the township on 1 February 1847.[17]

Development[edit]

Overlooking Albury from Monument Hill
Albury High School
Albury LibraryMuseum

In 1851, with the separation of Victoria from New South Wales and the border falling on the Murray River, Albury found itself a frontier town. With increase in commerce with Melbourne, the first bridge was built in 1860 to the design of surveyor William Snell Chauncy. Albury at this time became a customs post between the two colonies as New South Wales held a protectionist stance on gaining its constitution in 1856.

Albury was at this time starting to grow substantially with German speaking immigrants using the area to grow grapes for wine. Albury boasted by the 1870s a butter factory, flour mill, wineries and locally brewed cider and soft drinks.

In 1888, Albury built its first school house. The city's first mayor James Fallon was an innovator of the Public School, funding a demonstration High School to be built on Kiewa Street.

The railway line from Sydney arrived at Albury in 1881 (see Transport-Rail below). A temporary wooden railway bridge joined the line to the Victorian network 1883. New South Wales and Victoria had different track gauges until 1962, when the first train ran straight through from Sydney to Melbourne. The states could not initially agree which should be the transfer point so they had an expensive and attractive iron lattice bridge sent from Scotland which accommodated both gauges. The bridge is still standing astride the Murray and is in daily use.

Albury's proximity to Wodonga has spurred several efforts to achieve some kind of municipal governmental union (see Albury-Wodonga). In 1973, Albury-Wodonga was selected as the primary focus of the Whitlam federal government's scheme to redirect the uncontrolled growth of Australia's large coastal cities (Sydney and Melbourne in particular) by encouraging decentralisation. Grand plans were made to turn Albury-Wodonga into a major inland city and large areas of the surrounding farmland was compulsorily purchased by the government. Some industries were enticed to move there, and a certain amount of population movement resulted. However, the current population of approximately 101,597 residents is far below the 300,000 projected by Whitlam in the 1970s.[citation needed]

Heritage[edit]

Albury has a large number of heritage buildings. The following are listed on the Register of the National Estate.[18]

  • Public School, designed by W. E. Kemp, circa 1881
  • Soden's Hotel Australia, circa 1855
  • Court House, designed by Alexander Dawson, circa 1860
  • Post Office, circa 1875
  • Town Hall, circa 1907
  • Burrows House, circa 1860
  • Technical College (formerly Telegraph Office), circa 1885
  • CML Building, circa 1930
  • ANZ Bank, designed by Walter Butler, circa 1915
  • T&G Building, circa 1935
  • Turk's Head Museum (formerly Turk's Head Hotel), circa 1860–70
  • Bellevue Home, circa 1860
  • Headmaster's Cottage, Kiewa Street
  • Railway Station, circa 1881
  • Railway Stationmaster's Residence, circa 1881
  • S M Abchair Haberdashery Store, circa 1917
  • Albury Public School, circa 1861

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Hume Highway internal bypass running beside the railway station

Situated on the old Hume Highway, Albury is a major transit point for interstate commerce. From March 2007, Albury was bypassed by the new Hume Freeway. The new freeway includes the new Spirit of Progress Bridge over the Murray River and cost $518 million, the most expensive road project ever built in regional Australia.[19]

The other minor highways which connect to Albury are the Riverina Highway, which continues west through Berrigan to Deniliquin and east to Lake Hume; and the Olympic Highway (renamed from the Olympic Way) which diverges left from the Hume 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) north of Albury, into the centre of NSW, passing through Wagga Wagga and terminating with the Mid-Western Highway at Cowra.

In 1888, the Smollett Street wrought iron arch bridge was constructed over Bungambrawatha Creek. Smollet Street was extended westward through the botanical gardens to give direct access from the Albury Railway Station to Howlong Road by a straight street. The bridge is near the botanic gardens and the local swimming pool. The bridge is a rare example of a metal arch bridge in New South Wales, and is the oldest of only two metal arch bridges in New South Wales, the other being the Sydney Harbour Bridge.[20]

Rail[edit]

Albury Railway station, built in 1881 in the Italianate style

Albury railway station is on the main Sydney-Melbourne railway line. Originally, New South Wales and Victoria had different track gauges, which meant that all travellers in either direction had to change trains at Albury. To accommodate this, a very long railway platform was needed; the 450-metre (1,480 ft) long covered platform is possibly the longest in Australia.[citation needed] The broad gauge section of track between Seymour and Albury has now been converted to standard gauge; there is no longer a break-of-gauge at Albury station. The station is served by a three daily V/Line train services from Melbourne (terminating at Albury) and the NSW TrainLink Melbourne-Sydney XPT service, which run twice daily in each direction.

The long platform at Albury railway station

In 1873, the 5-foot-3-inch (1.60 m) broad gauge railway line from Melbourne reached the township of Belvoir/Wodonga. In 1881, the New South Wales 4-foot-8.5-inch (1.435 m) standard gauge railway line reached Albury, with a railway bridge joining the two colonies in 1883. Albury became the stop over, where passengers on the Melbourne-Sydney journey changed trains until 1962, when a standard gauge track was opened between the two capitals. After World War II, in an attempt to overcome the difference in gauges and speed up traffic, a bogie exchange device lifted freight wagons and carriages allowing workers to refit rolling stock with different gauged wheel-sets.

The break of railway gauge at Albury was a major impediment to Australia's war effort and infrastructure during both World Wars, as every soldier, every item of equipment, and all supplies had to be off-loaded from the broad gauge and reloaded onto a standard gauge railway wagon on the opposite side of the platform. In his book Tramps Abroad, writer Mark Twain spoke of the break of gauge at Albury and changing trains: "Now comes a singular thing, the oddest thing, the strangest thing, the unaccountable marvel that Australia can show, namely the break of gauge at Albury. Think of the paralysis of intellect that gave that idea birth" (cited by Fischer below).

Military armouries and warehouses were established in the vicinity of Albury. Similar stores were also established at Tocumwal and Oaklands.

The conversion of the broad gauge track to a second standard gauge track, between Seymour and Albury, was substantially completed in 2011.

Air[edit]

Albury Airport from the air
The Uiver being pulled out of the mud after its emergency landing in Albury

Albury Airport, owned and operated by the City of Albury, is the second busiest regional airport in New South Wales with around 280,000 passenger movements per year. The airport, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) east of the city centre, has scheduled daily flights to Sydney and Melbourne through commercial carriers QantasLink, Regional Express Airlines and Virgin Australia; in addition to several charter services. The ATA airport code for Albury is ABX.[21] The road leading from Albury Airport to the city was renamed Borella Road in 1979, in honour of Victoria Cross recipient Albert Chalmers Borella, who was buried at Albury.[citation needed]

In 1934, a Douglas DC-2 airliner of KLM (the "Uiver"), a competitor in the MacRobertson Air Race (also known as the London to Melbourne Air Race), made an emergency night landing at the town's racecourse after becoming lost during severe thunderstorms. After signalling by Morse code A-L-B-U-R-Y to the lost aircrew by using the entire town's public lighting system, the "Uiver" was guided in to land safely. The makeshift runway at the racecourse was illuminated by the headlights of cars belonging to local residents who had responded to a special news bulletin on ABC Radio 2CO. After refuelling the next day, many local volunteers helped pull the stranded aircraft out of the racecourse's mud and the aircraft was able to take off and continue to Melbourne where it won the first prize in the race's handicap category and became second overall.[22][23]

Public transport and cycling[edit]

Local public transport is provided exclusively by private bus operators, Martin's Albury and the Dyson Group who run day time bus services. The overwhelming majority of local transport is by private car, however traffic is generally moderate. The opening of the Hume Freeway bypass on 4 March 2007,[24] has greatly eased previous traffic congestion on the Lincoln Causeway, allowing vastly better flow between Albury and Wodonga.

There is a good network of bicycle paths in the city, including one to the outlying suburb of Thurgoona and across the state border to Wodonga. A new program has built many more bike tracks, including one from the riverside parks to Wonga Wetlands.[25]

Industry[edit]

Albury serves as an administrative centre for the agricultural communities around the area, and the city is the home of the Norske Skog newsprint paper mill which processes the pine logs planted in the mountains to the east, an engineering plant which produces automatic transmissions for cars, a major processing centre of the Australian Taxation Office, and many other smaller secondary industries. Other large employers are: The Commercial Club Albury and Hume Building Society.

Albury's major employer was ION Automotive Group. In 2003, it employed 1,100 people manufacturing transmissions for Ford Australia. Since then the plant has had several owners and experienced a significant reduction in employee numbers. In 2009 ownership of the plant changed to Drivetrain Systems International. Chinese car maker Geely Group purchased the bankrupt DSI company for $48 million in March 2009. The plant now exports automatic transmissions to Geely, Ssangyong and Mahindra.

The Australian pizza chain Eagle Boys was founded in Albury.

The Hume Power Station is a hydro-electric power station located at the Hume Dam on the Murray River, near Albury. The power station is operated by Eraring Energy and has two 29-megawatt (39,000 hp) turbines.

Tourism[edit]

The region surrounding Albury provides a variety of tourist attractions, including the wine region around Rutherglen, the historic goldfield towns of Beechworth and Yackandandah, boating and fishing on the many rivers and lakes, including Lake Hume, the forests and mountains of the Great Dividing Range and slightly further afield are the snowfields Falls Creek and Mount Hotham.

Within the city of Albury itself, Monument Hill, at the western end of the CBD is the location of the city's distinctive First World War Memorial and provides a good view of the city. Wonga Wetlands, 2.5 kilometres (1.6 mi) west of the city and adjacent to the River Murray is a key feature of Albury's use of treated wastewater and consists of a series of lagoons and billabongs. Wonga Wetlands features more than 150 species of birdlife and the Aquatic Environment Education Centre.

Mount Buffalo is visible from higher vantage points in the city.
Alpine areas such as Mount Bogong are visible from Albury on clear days.

Education[edit]

Albury is home to one of the campuses of Charles Sturt University. The original Albury campus was located in the northern part of the CBD between Kiewa and David Streets. Charles Sturt University relocated to a new purpose built campus at Thurgoona in 2009. CSU offers courses in Arts, Business, Education and Science. It plays a key role in drawing aspiring students to the area, taking candidates from all over Australia.

Riverina Institute of TAFE operates a campus in Albury. There is also a campus of the UNSW Rural Clinical School of Medicine adjacent to the Albury Base Hospital.

Albury is home to nine public primary schools (Albury Public School, Albury North Public School, Albury West Public School, Glenroy Public School, Hume Public School, Lavington Public School, Lavington East Public School, Springdale Heights Public School, and Thurgoona Public School) and three public high schools (Albury High School, James Fallon High School and Murray High School). Several non-government high schools operate in the area including Xavier High School, The Scots School Albury, Border Christian College, St Paul's College and Trinity Anglican College. The city is the base for NSW Department of Education South West Riverina regional office.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Albury serves as a regional media centre. A daily tabloid owned by Fairfax Media, the Border Mail, is printed in Wodonga. The Border Mail has offices in both Albury and Wodonga. An independently owned weekly publication called the Albury Wodonga News Weekly is also freely distributed.

In September 2013, a new free monthly independent community newspaper, The Situation, was launched in Albury-Wodonga as well as the north and north-east Victorian communities of Bendigo, Seymour, Shepparton, and Wangaratta.


Television[edit]

Albury has access to all major TV networks, with channels available including Prime7 (part of the Seven Network), WIN Television (part of the Nine Network), Southern Cross Ten (part of Network Ten), as well as the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) and the Special Broadcasting Service, more commonly known as SBS. Several of these networks also offer additional digital channels, including ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, SBS Two, 7Two, 7mate, One HD, Eleven, GEM and GO!.

Regional news coverage of Albury is featured on all three main commercial networks. Prime7 airs a 30-minute local news bulletin each weeknight at 6pm, produced from a newsroom in the Lavington suburb of the city and since March 2011, broadcast from Prime's Canberra studios.[26] WIN Television's 30-minute bulletin airs at 7pm, produced from a newsroom in the city and broadcast from studios in Ballarat. Southern Cross Ten also airs short local news updates from its Canberra studios throughout the day.

On 5 May 2011, Analogue television transmissions ceased in most areas of regional Victoria and some border regions including Albury-Wodonga.[27] All local free-to-air television services are now broadcasting in digital transmission only. This was done as part of the Federal Government's plan for Digital terrestrial television in Australia where all analogue transmission systems are gradually turned off and replaced with modern DVB-T transmission systems.

Radio[edit]

There are three commercial radio stations in Albury - 1494 2AY, 105.7 The River, and Star FM on 104.9 FM. Star FM's south eastern network is programmed out of the Albury/Wodonga Hub, going to centres on New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and into South Australia. Broadcast out of the same building is 105.7 The River, which is also networked to local stations around New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania and South Australia.

Albury/Wodonga is one radio market, thus advertisements are directed to both sides of the border. The Albury/Wodonga market underwent significant change in 2005 when Macquarie Southern Cross Media bought 105.7 The River from RG Capital Radio Network, and 2AY and Star FM from the DMG Radio Australia. Due to cross-media ownership laws preventing the ownership of more than two stations in one market, Macquarie was required to sell one of these stations and in September 2005 sold 2AY to the Ace Radio network. 2AY takes its night time programming from 3AW Melbourne.

The ABC produces breakfast and morning radio programs through its local radio network, from the studios of ABC Goulburn Murray located in Wodonga. The rest of their content is delivered from Melbourne. The ABC also deliver, ABC Radio National, ABC Classic FM, and Triple J on 103.3 FM.

There is also a community radio station known as 2REM 107.3 FM. The Albury Wodonga Community Radio station play a large amount of speciality programs including those for the retiree, ethnic and aboriginal communities throughout the day and a range of musical styles including underground and independent artists from 8:00 pm onwards.

In addition, the area is serviced by a Radio for the Print Handicapped station, 2APH, on 101.7 FM. Wodonga TAFE's broadcasting training station, 87.8 Wodonga TAFE Radio. Albury-Wodonga Christian Broadcasters transmits as 98.5 The Light [1] and by the dance music station Raw FM on 87.6 MHz.

Sport[edit]

Despite being located in New South Wales, Albury is a stronghold of Australian rules football. The local Ovens & Murray Football League is one of the strongest regional leagues in the nation, with the Oven's & Murray Grand Final regularly drawing 15,000 spectators. The league contains three teams from Albury; Albury Football Club, Lavington Panthers Football Club and North Albury Football Club. Many footballers from Albury have gone on to play in the Australian Football League, including Haydn Bunton Senior, who won three Brownlow Medals and was an inaugural legend of the Australian Football Hall of Fame; and South Melbourne Brownlow medallist Fred Goldsmith.[28]

Albury also has a rugby league team, the Albury Thunder, competing in the Group 9 Rugby League competition.

The Albury-Wodonga Steamers are the local rugby union club playing in the Southern Inland Rugby Union competition. The Steamers have produced several players for the Australian Rugby Union National Talent Squad.

The Albury Wodonga Bandits compete in the South East Australian Basketball League (SEABL) East Conference of the Australian Basketball Association (ABA) playing their home games at the Albury Sports Stadium (known now as the Lauren Jackson Sports Centre). The Lady Bandits joined the women's SEABL in 2006. The Albury Gold Cup horse race is the major autumn event for the district. In 2005, it attracted a record crowd in excess of 18,600 racegoers.[29] Albury has lately become a stronghold of junior hockey, boasting one of the few synthetic fields in the area. The town also has the Albury Grass Tennis Courts. V8 Supercar Team, Brad Jones Racing and drivers Brad Jones and his nephew Andrew also calls Albury home.

Albury is the birthplace of Tennis Player Margaret Smith, court winner of 62 Women's grand Slam titles including eleven Australian titles, four grand slam singles titles played in one year in 1970, four mixed doubles titles with Ken Fletcher in 1963 and many other titles around the world. WNBA MVP winner Lauren Jackson, NRL Player Adrian Purtell, and test cricketer Steve Rixon, among other champion sports people.

Culture[edit]

The Murray River Performing Group (MRPG) is Albury's main theatre company. It spawned The Flying Fruit Fly Circus in 1979, and these days conducts many productions through the Hothouse Theatre located on Gateway Island between Albury and Wodonga, though still in Victoria rather than New South Wales.

Jazz Albury Wodonga also regularly hosts national and international artists at the Jazz Basement which is located on Gateway Island.

Touring productions often pass through the Albury Entertainment Centre.[which?]

Albury has a growing local scene of rock music bands and fans. The Youth Cafe is a supporter of local acts providing resources for young musicians and performers to be recognised. The Youth Cafe has been visited by bands such as Thy Art Is Murder, Sienna Skies, Addison and locals Bloodloss Vegas, Radio Shock Therapy, Executor & Chelsea Wont Jump. The Sodens Australia Hotel previously hosted local and touring bands from Australia and overseas. A major youth music event, the Border Music Camp held at Scot's School, attracts people from as far as Sydney. Groovin The Moo Music Festival visits every November providing Albury with acts like Hilltop Hoods, Urthboy and Midnight Juggernauts.[30]

In 2003, a sister city relationship with Nanping in north western Fujian province, People's Republic of China, was formalised.[31]

Notable crime[edit]

Albury's most famous crime is also one of Australia's most famous, the 'Pyjama Girl Murder'. In 1996, a local teenager, Kim Meredith was murdered in Albury; a memorial to Kim was later placed in Queen Elizabeth II Square by the citizens of Albury.[32]

Politics[edit]

Mate's Department Store – site of the second meeting of the Liberal Party

Albury is the largest city in the Federal electorate of Farrer, of which the current representative is Sussan Ley of the Liberal Party. The previous Federal MP was Tim Fischer, who was leader of the National Party and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. In State politics, the Electoral district of Albury is currently represented by Greg Aplin, also of the Liberal Party. The member for Albury between 1932 and 1946, Alexander Mair, was the Premier of New South Wales from 1939 to 1941.[33]

Local government is the responsibility of the Albury City Council, whose area of responsibility has gradually been enlarged to cover new housing estates at Albury's fringes. Amanda Duncan-Strelec became Albury's first female Mayor in 1995, serving for one year. The current Mayor of Albury is Alice Glachan, who was elected in 2009.

Albury has a longstanding connection to conservative politics. Following the first convention in Canberra to form the Liberal Party of Australia, delegates, including Sir Robert Menzies, met for a second conference in Albury at Mate's Department Store between 14 and 16 December 1944. The delegates agreed on the structure of the party organisation, adopted a provisional constitution and appointed a federal executive until one could be formally elected.[34][35]

Notable people[edit]

Tennis players Margaret Court and Dianne Fromholtz, singer Malcolm McEachern, actors Richard Roxburgh and Maggie Kirkpatrick, actor/writer Noel Hodda, barrister and author Charles Waterstreet, V8 Supercar driver David Reynolds, and Australian rules footballer Brett Kirk. The actor Matt Holmes, who played Swain in Sea Patrol. Olympic Games swimmer Clementine Stoney, anti-communist priest Dr `Paddy' Ryan, fashion designer Lisa Ho, and cartoonist Ken Maynard of Ettamogah Pub fame, were all born in Albury. Basketballer Lauren Jackson, who currently plays with the Seattle Storm of the WNBA, was also born in Albury. Filmmaker and Tropfest winner Nicholas Clifford, is a former resident and was a student of Albury High School.

Others who lived in Albury – but weren't necessarily born there – include the filmmaker Dean Murphy (Strange Bedfellows), the writer Clint Morris, the actor Malcolm Kennard (E Street), singer/songwriters Lisa Mitchell and Lee'Mon who released his first single 'Albury' in 2012.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Albury - Wodonga (Albury Part)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Travelmate. Travelmate. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  3. ^ Butler, Susan, ed. (2009). Macquarie Dictionary (5th ed.). Sydney: Macquarie Dictionary Publishers Pty Ltd. 1952 pages. ISBN 978-1-876-42966-9. 
  4. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Albury - Wodonga (Significant Urban Area)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  5. ^ "Albury Wodonga". Tourism Victoria. Visit Victoria. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "Airspace review Albury July 2009". p. 8. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Monthly climate statistics". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 9 July 2010. 
  8. ^ Albury Wodonga Climate
  9. ^ Microsoft Word – nht report 2002.doc[dead link]. (PDF) . Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  10. ^ Jess, Allison. (17 June 2009) Lavington celebrates – ABC Goulburn Murray – Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Abc.net.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  11. ^ Home – RTA Road Projects. Rta.nsw.gov.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  12. ^ Thurgoona Country Club Resort. Thurgoonagolf.com.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
  13. ^ Albury & District Historical Society, Inc. Bulletin: March 2011, p. 6, Albury Street Numbering
  14. ^ Norman Mackay and David Eastburn (editors), ed. (1990). The Murray. Canberra, Australia: Murray-Darling Basin Commission. ISBN 1-875209-05-0. 
  15. ^ "Albury". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales. Retrieved 16 November 2007. 
  16. ^ "PLACE NAMES.". The Australian Women's Weekly (1932–1982) (1932–1982: National Library of Australia). 13 May 1964. p. 61. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  17. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 11 April 2008. 
  18. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/178
  19. ^ "Opening of $518 million Albury Wodonga Hume Freeway Project" (Press release). Australian Government. 4 March 2007. Retrieved 16 June 2007. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Smollet Street Bridge over Bungambrawatha Creek". Heritage and conservation register. Roads and Traffic Authority. 13 November 2003. Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  21. ^ "Albury Airport". City of Albury. Retrieved 14 May 2007. [dead link]
  22. ^ "The Uiver Memorial Aircraft". Albury City website. Albury City. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2008. [dead link]
  23. ^ "Flight of the Uiver". ABC Goulburn Murray website. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 16 June 2008. 
  24. ^ "Hume Freeway". Abi Group. Retrieved 21 June 2007. 
  25. ^ "Bike and walking trails". City of Albury. Retrieved 28 November 2006. [dead link]
  26. ^ Anthony Bunn (23 March 2011). "First-night flop for new-look Prime7". The Border Mail. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  27. ^ Partenza, Nathan (6 May 2011). "Analogue TVs pile up at dump". The Border Mail. Retrieved 17 May 2011. 
  28. ^ "Australian Football Hall of Fame – Legends". AFL World. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 
  29. ^ "ALBURY: Cup Carnival The Envy Of Country Racing". Racing and Sports. 17 April 2005. Retrieved 21 May 2007. 
  30. ^ "Groovin' The Moo". 2007. 
  31. ^ "Sister City – Nanping". History and Heritage. Albury City. 2005. Retrieved 20 April 2006. [dead link]
  32. ^ Robinson, Gareth (24 October 1999). "Challenging Behaviour". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2006. [dead link]
  33. ^ "The Hon. Alexander Mair (1889–1969)". Members of Parliament. Parliament of New South Wales. Archived from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  34. ^ "Formation of the Liberal Party of Australia". Party History. Liberal Party of Australia – Queensland Division. Archived from the original on 26 April 2007. Retrieved 11 April 2007. 
  35. ^ Ian Hancock. "The Origins of the Modern Liberal Party". Harold White Fellowships. National Library of Australia. Retrieved 11 April 2007. 

Further reading and viewing[edit]

  • Tim Fischer, "Forward", in Bill 'Swampy' Marsh, Great Australian Railway Stories, ABC Books, 2005.
  • the DVD on Albury's break of gauge railway, 'Journey of a Nation' (1947) on Film Australia, Just Australian Trains (1986) by the ABC

External links[edit]

Media related to Albury, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons