Albury, Surrey

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Albury
Albury St Peter and St Paul.jpg
St Peter and St Paul Church in Albury Park
Albury Church - geograph.org.uk - 669465.jpg
The parish church, field, woods and St Martha's Hill
Albury is located in Surrey
Albury
Albury
 Albury shown within Surrey
Area  16.28 km2 (6.29 sq mi)
Population 1,191 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  73/km2 (190/sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ0447
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Guildford
Postcode district GU5
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Mole Valley
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°13′09″N 0°30′05″W / 51.2193°N 0.5015°W / 51.2193; -0.5015

Albury is a village and civil parish in the borough of Guildford in Surrey, England, about 4 miles (6.4 km) south-east of Guildford town centre. The village is within Surrey Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and part of it forms the 63 acres (0.25 km2) Colyer's Hanger SSSI, financially supported by Natural England. Farley Green, Little London and adjacent Brook form part of the secular parish.

Albury Park mansion

Geography and Economy[edit]

South chapel of the old church including window by Augustus Pugin

Albury civil parish spans the small village and three hamlets, which are Farley Green, Little London and adjacent Brook – spaced out by Albury Heath, Foxholes Wood, small fields and Albury Park. About a third of Blackheath Common on the Greensand Ridge is in the parish, which centrally nestles in the 'Vale of Holmesdale'. Albury new village is at the point where the Sherborne flowing from near Newlands Corner via the Silent Pool joins the Tillingbourne that runs through the centre of the village and until the 20th century fed the flour mill at the Chilworth edge of the village, which has now given way to a small estate of houses. The old village lies within Albury Park, described in History. There is another brook leading into Chilworth called Law Brook which Brook is centred on.

The following is based on 2011 statistics: the population was 1,191,.[1] This was an increase of one since 2001 when the population lived in 527 homes (52 of which had their lowest floor level above street level and 298 of which were owner-occupied). While 583 people were economically active: 372 commuted by motor vehicle and 61 commuted by public transport, the average Albury commuter travelled 17 kilometres (11 mi).[2]

The village offers a post office, general shop and the Drummond Arms; Little London offers another public house the William IV and a petrol station with shop.

The nearest railway stations are just beyond the borders: Chilworth railway station 1 mile (1.6 km) west and Gomshall railway station 2 miles (3.2 km) east of the parish boundaries on the Reading to Gatwick Airport line.

Part of Albury holds the 63 acres (0.25 km2) Colyer's Hanger SSSI.[3]

History[edit]

Farley Heath in the southwest of the parish has remains of a Romano-Celtic temple within a temenos in a clearing by Heath Road containing an inner cella, nearby a pottery kiln and tumbled columns can be seen.[4][5]

The village appears in the Domesday Book as Eldeberie. It was held by Roger d'Abernon from Richard de Tonebrige. Its Domesday Assets were: 2½ hides, 1 church, 1 mill worth 5s, 8½ ploughs, 1-acre (4,000 m2) of meadow, woodland worth 30 hogs. It rendered £9.[6]

Albury village is next to Albury Estate which is an estate of 150 acres (0.61 km2); within it is the Saxon church, the listed as II* building[7] The Mansion or Albury Park House (now a retirement home), a few houses and surviving homes of the old village of Albury. The Duke of Northumberland owns the estate – the Mansion was once home to the Duke and Duchess. The gardens are designated Grade I[8] and were designed by author and gardener John Evelyn noted for his mansion 6 miles (9.7 km) east in Wotton, Surrey.

The William IV in close-by Little London dates back to the 16th century.[9]

the main street through Albury
Listed houses in Albury

Sports[edit]

Fishing is available in the stocked Albury Estate ponds at Weston, Vale End, Albury Park and at Powder Mills, Chilworth with the Albury Estate Fisheries club.

Albury Cricket Club play at the Albury Heath ground that adjoins Albury Eagles FC – the clubs have a combined social events like sports dinners, close to Albury and to Little London in Sandy Lane. The football club's stated aim is to cover the wider Tillingbourne community and has several U16, U13 and U9 teams.[10]

Churches[edit]

The parish of Albury has four churches:

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes Shared housing[1]
(Civil Parish) 235 134 56 51 3 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average which were apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households Owned outright Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,191 479 34.2% 27.1% 1,628[1]

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Albury landfill[edit]

Albury landfill

Albury, a large area of Surrey, has one of the two active landfill sites in the county; it only takes household waste. There is a landfill liaison committee which has been organised to work with SITA in existence to keep the villagers aware of all issues. This landfill generates revenue for Albury Estate which is owned by the Duke of Northumberland. Residents of the village suffer little if any effects, being generally more than 1 mile (1.6 km) from it, however the parish council expressed discontent to the borough council when permission was granted for the use in the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty and will work with the Duke to ensure complete restoration of the entire landscape when operations cease.[14]

References[edit]

External links[edit]