Alcabón

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Alcabón, Spain
Location of Alcabón within the province
Location of Alcabón within the province

Flag

Seal
Country Spain
Autonomous community Castile-La Mancha
Province Toledo
Municipality Alcabón
Government
 • Mayor Julio Jesús Gonzalo Valverde
Area
 • Total 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Elevation 534 m (1,752 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Total 707
 • Density 88.4/km2 (229/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 45523
Area code(s) 925

Alcabón is a municipality located in the province of Toledo, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. According to the 2006 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 707 inhabitants.

Toponym[edit]

The term "Alcabón" is of Arabic origin, and could mean the "cove". It is thought that its origin is due to the presence of some farmhouses, hence its old name was "Alcabón Homes".

Location[edit]

The municipality is located in the Torrijos region and adjoins the populations of Santo Domingo-Caudilla, Carmena and Santa Olalla, all of which are in Toledo.

History[edit]

There is data which indicates Alcabón's existence since 1095. By cession of Alfonso VII of Castile in 1156, it passed into the hands of Count Nuño Petriz or Pérez de Lara who handed over the Alcabón castle to the archbishop of Toledo, Don Juan, in exchange for "La Rinconada de Perales".

In 1179 Queen Eleanor of England donated Alcabón to the St. Thomas Cantuariense chapel, located within the Santa Maria de Toledo cathedral, remaining so until its sale in 1482 to Gutierre de Cardenas, first Duke of Maqueda.

During the War of Spanish Independence it suffered violently under the hands of the French army. Thinking that the Spanish troops were in the town, they ordered its looting and destruction.

Administration[edit]

List of mayors since the democratic elections of 1979
Term Name of Mayor Political Party
1979–1983 Longinos García Gutiérrez Independiente
1983–1987 Longinos García Gutiérrez AP/PDP/UL
1987–1991 José Antonio Rodríguez Garrido PSOE
1991–1995 José Antonio Rodríguez Garrido PSOE
1995–1999 José Antonio Rodríguez Garrido PSOE
1999–2003 José Antonio Rodríguez Garrido PSOE
2003–2007 María Rubí Rodríguez del Pozo PSOE
2007–2011 José Antonio Rodríguez Garrido PSOE
2011– Julio Jesús Gonzalo Valverde PP

Demography[edit]

Vertical bar chart demographic of Alcabón between 1900 and 2006
  Population evolution according to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística.

Monuments[edit]

Among the monuments in Alcabón are the Virgen de la Aurora Hermitage, a small shrine of great devotion in the county built in 1606, the St. Thomas Cantuariense and Rollo de Justicia churches, which have octagonal shaft columns and capitals decorated with balls and having a brick base, the Alcabón Mill Museum of Oil and Wine (16th century). There are details in this mill that suggest that its age could be traced back to the time of Arab domination (8th to 11th century). Possibly in its typology, the most complete and oldest of which have remained to present day.

Celebrations[edit]

  • 8 September - Patron feasts in honor of the Virgin of la Aurora.
  • 29 December - Saint Thomas Cantuariense

Coordinates: 40°00′N 4°22′W / 40.000°N 4.367°W / 40.000; -4.367