Alcides Arguedas

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Alcides Arguedas

Alcides Arguedas (15 July 1879 – 8 May 1946) was a Bolivian writer and historian.

Background and political and diplomatic roles[edit]

He was born in La Paz, where he studied law and political science. He later studied sociology in Paris and represented his country at several diplomatic missions in both Europe and America. He was also a deputy and a senator, and for a while served as minister of agriculture.

Themes as a writer[edit]

Arguedas was a keen observer of – and much of his work was inspired by – the indigenous inhabitants of the Andean altiplano, their cultures, and their customs. More controversially, he believed that Bolivia's best hopes lay in a decidedly Western or European orientation, at the expense of majority indigenous culture. Indeed, he tended to see the latter as a handicap impeding Bolivia's progress. His most famous works are Pueblo Enfermo (1910) and Raza de Bronce (1919).


He died in Chulumani, department of La Paz.

Important works[edit]

  • Pueblo enfermo 1909 (social commentary)
  • Raza de bronce (1919) (novel)
  • La fundación de la República (1920) (history)
  • Historia general de Bolivia (1922) (history)
  • Política y la Guerra del Chaco (1926) (history)
  • La dictadura y la anarquía (1926) (history)
  • Los caudillos bárbaros (1929) (history)
  • La danza de las sombras (1934) (memoirs)