Alcobendas

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Alcobendas
Municipality
Flag of Alcobendas
Flag
Coat of arms of Alcobendas
Coat of arms
Alcobendas (Madrid) mapa.svg
Alcobendas is located in Spain
Alcobendas
Alcobendas
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°32′N 3°38′W / 40.533°N 3.633°W / 40.533; -3.633Coordinates: 40°32′N 3°38′W / 40.533°N 3.633°W / 40.533; -3.633
Country Spain Spain
Region Community of Madrid Community of Madrid
Comarca Madrid metropolitan area
Founded Around 1208
Government
 • Alcalde Ignacio García de Vinuesa (2007) (PP)
Area
 • Total 44.98 km2 (17.37 sq mi)
Elevation 700 m (2,300 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 107,514
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Demonym Alcobendense or alcobendano
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 28100, 28108, 28109
Website Official website

Alcobendas (Spanish pronunciation: [alkoˈβendas]) is a city located in the Community of Madrid, central Spain. It is located roughly 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of Madrid and 7 kilometres (4 mi) from Barajas International Airport. It includes a central urban zone, a recently built district known as Valdelasfuentes, La Moraleja and El Soto de la Moraleja residential zones, the Valdelatas nature reserve and a light industrial estate. A huge business park called Valdelacasa for high-tech firms is being built. It is the location of a basketball museum organised by the Pedro Ferrándiz Foundation where the FIBA Hall of Fame is located.

Once a working class area, it has in more recent times become one of the more socially and economically affluent areas of the Madrid metropolitan area and also contains the neighbourhood of La Moraleja.

Transport[edit]

The Alcobendas Rugby

Alcobendas in is the B1 zone for Madrid's transport network.
Both Alcobendas and its neighbour city, San Sebastián de los Reyes are connected with Madrid with buses operated by the 'Interbús' bus company. There are currently eight bus lines that go to and from different districts of Alcobendas to Plaza de Castilla (the hub for public transport to northern Madrid). Alcobendas also has eight bus lines that connect the different zones of Alcobendas between themselves.

Metro (Underground):

Alcobendas presently has four Metro stations (La Granja, La Moraleja, Marqués de la Valdavia and Manuel de Falla) which are all on line 10 of the Madrid Metro network. These stations were recently opened by Esperanza Aguirre, President of the Autonomous Community of Madrid.

Buses

Buses going to and from Plaza de Castilla are:
151 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (FF.CC)
153 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Rosa Luxemburgo)
153B a.k.a. B53 Madrid (Pinar de Chamartín) - Alcobendas (Rosa Luxemburgo)
155 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (El Soto de la Moraleja)
155B a.k.a. B55 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (El Encinar de los Reyes)
157 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Pº de la Chopera)
157C a.k.a. C57 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Valdelasfuentes)
159 Madrid (Pza. Castilla) - Alcobendas (Arroyo de la Vega)

Buses connecting different parts of Alcobendas are:
L-1 Arroyo de la Vega - El Soto de la Moraleja - La Moraleja
L-2 Alcobendas - La Moraleja [via Pº Alcobendas]
L-3 Arroyo de la Vega - El Soto de la Moraleja - El Encinar de los Reyes
L-5 San Sebastián de los Reyes - Alcobendas - El Soto de la Moraleja
L-6 Valdelasfuentes (FF.CC) - Polígono Industrial
L-9 Alcobendas (FF.CC) - Arroyo de la Vega

Two further circular lines are:
C10 Valdelasfuentes - Arroyo de la Vega - Valdelasfuentes
C11 Arroyo de la Vega - Valdelasfuentes - Arroyo de la Vega

Cercanías Train

Alcobendas also has two suburban railway stations (one shared with San Sebastián de los Reyes):
Valdelasfuentes and
Alcobendas-San Sebastián de los Reyes.
Both form part of the C-4a Cercanías line and can get to Sol and Atocha in half an hour.

Private Transport

Alobendas is easily reached by car as well. There are a number of motorways going round Alcobendas and through it. Airport access is perfect with the recently built motorway known as the M-12 which connects the Canillejas district of Madrid with Barajas International Airport and ending up in the Arroyo de la Vega area of Alcobendas

List of motorways and main roads that go through Alcobendas: A-1-Autovía del Norte
R-2-Radial 2 (Madrid-Guadalajara)
M-50-Autopista M-50
M-12-Autopista Eje-Aeropuerto
M-603-Carretera de Fuencarral a Alcobendas
M-616-Carretera de El Pardo a Alcobendas

The difficulty of parking in Alcobendas varies depending on which district you are parking in. In the Casco district it is challenging to find a parking space. However this problem is not posed in the newer areas where ample parking facilities are available.

Economy[edit]

Air Madrid used to have its head office in Alcobendas, until the company folded in 2006.[1]

Sport[edit]

In 2010, Alcobendas was be the host city of the 2010 CIRH Women's World Cup, the most important competition in Women's Roller Hockey.

Notable people[edit]

  • Penélope Cruz, actress. During the 2008 Oscar Ceremony, after receiving the prize for best Supporting Actress, she openly acknowledged the municipality in her acceptance speech.
  • Marcos Pérez Jiménez, former Venezuelan dictator. Residence after being exiled from Venezuela where he lived until his death in 2001.

Climate[edit]

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Csa " (Mediterranean Climate).[2]

Climate data for Alcobendas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11
(51)
12
(53)
15
(59)
17
(62)
21
(70)
27
(81)
32
(90)
32
(89)
28
(82)
20
(68)
14
(58)
11
(52)
20
(67.9)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(33)
2
(35)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
12
(54)
16
(60)
16
(60)
13
(55)
8
(47)
4
(39)
2
(36)
7.5
(45.3)
Avg. precipitation days 15 18 21 24 25 21 22 21 22 20 15 17 241
Source: Weatherbase [3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Servicios Centrales." Air Madrid. 15 December 2006. Retrieved on 6 September 2009.
  2. ^ Climate Summary for Alcobendas
  3. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on July 26, 2013.

External links[edit]