Alcona Township, Michigan
|Alcona Township, Michigan|
|• Total||66.4 sq mi (171.9 km2)|
|• Land||57.5 sq mi (148.9 km2)|
|• Water||8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)|
|Elevation||797 ft (243 m)|
|• Density||17/sq mi (6.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1625815|
- Black River is an unincorporated community in the township, about 25 miles (40 km) south of Alpena on Lake Huron at the mouth of the Black River. It is just south of the Negwegon State Park at with an elevation of 590 feet (180 m) above sea level. The Black River ZIP code 48721 serves the eastern portion of Alcona Township as well as the northeast corner of Haynes Township. Black River has an excellent park and boat launch, which give access to fishing, including perch, salmon and trout. The settlement began as a fishing station, first occupied by William Cullings in 1849, and settled by French trappers and fishermen. From 1876 to 1880, it was the seat of lumber operations for Alger, Smith & Company, then the largest pine timber producers in the world. A post office was established on February 9, 1877, with Edgar O. Cheney as postmaster. The spelling was changed to "Blackriver" on May 16, 1894, and back to "Black River" in 1958. The local post office closed in 2010.
- Hubbard Lake is the name of a statistical area applied by the U.S. Census Bureau to the populated area surrounding the Hubbard Lake body of water and includes portions of three townships. In Alcona Township, the CDP includes the unincorporated community of Larson Beach on the eastern shore of Hubbard Lake.
- Lost Lake Woods is an unincorporated community in the township defined as a census-designated place.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 66.4 square miles (171.9 km2), of which 148.9 square kilometres (57.5 sq mi) is land and 8.9 square miles (23.0 km2), or 13.36%, is water. Negwegon State Park is within the township, and the southwest corner of the township is in the Huron National Forest, which offers outdoor recreational opportunities such as hunting, swimming, cross-country skiing and trout fishing. The forest contains 330 miles (530 km) of hiking trails. The Huron and Manistee National Forests were separately designated, but were combined in 1945 for administrative purposes.
The Lake Huron beaches in and around Alcona Township (including two state parks) have been recognized as being among the top ten in Michigan. "Old-fashioned lake vacations abound on this pretty stretch of Lake Huron."
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,089 people, 524 households, and 361 families residing in the township. The population density was 18.9 per square mile (7.3/km²). There were 1,313 housing units at an average density of 22.8 per square mile (8.8/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.89% White, 0.83% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population. 20.1% were of German, 15.1% English, 10.9% French, 10.8% Polish, 7.3% Irish and 6.9% French Canadian ancestry.
There were 524 households out of which 14.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.2% were married couples living together, 2.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.50.
In the township the population was spread out with 14.4% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 16.5% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 34.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 58 years. For every 100 females there were 105.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.5 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $34,125, and the median income for a family was $39,934. Males had a median income of $33,250 versus $21,364 for females. The per capita income for the township was $20,160. About 4.3% of families and 8.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.1% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
In Black River, lumber baron Russell Alexander Alger had a home while tending to his lumbering operations. He thereafter was a Michigan governor, U.S. senator and U.S. Secretary of War during the William McKinley presidential administration. Russell A. Alger street parallels the Black River.
The Alcona County Review, located in Harrisville, is the newspaper of record, and has served the community since 1877.
Alcona Township elected officials
Meetings are held the second Tuesday of each month at Alcona Township Hall, 5576 N US 23 (information as of May 2012).
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Alcona Township, Michigan
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Alcona township, Alcona County, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Black River, Michigan
- 48721 5-Digit ZCTA, 487 3-Digit ZCTA - Reference Map - American FactFinder, U.S. Census Bureau
- Romig, Walter (1986) . Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Black River Post Office
- Detroit Free Press, May 26, 2007
- Alcona County Review
- "List of Area elected officials". Alcona County Review. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- "Alcona Township, Michigan home page". Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Alcona Schools
- Alcona Township official website
- Alcona County Review
- Alcona Historical Society
- "Bibliography on Alcona County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved February 9, 2013.