Alcyone (opera)

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Alcyone is an opera by the French composer Marin Marais. It takes the form of a tragédie en musique in a prologue and five acts. The libretto, by Antoine Houdar de la Motte, is based on the Greek myth of Ceyx and Alcyone as recounted by Ovid in his Metamorphoses. The opera was first performed on 18 February 1706 by the Académie royale de musique at the Théâtre du Palais-Royal in Paris. The score is particularly famous for the storm scene (tempête) in Act Four. The Marche pour les Matelots, also part of this movement, became popular as a dance tune and is the basis of the Christmas carol Masters in this Hall.[1]

Roles[edit]

Role Voice type Premiere Cast
Alcyone soprano Marie-Louise Desmatins
Ceix haute-contre Antoine Boutelou
Pelée (Peleus) baritone Gabriel-Vincent Thévenard
Sommeil (Sleep) haute-contre Pierre Chopelet
Pan/Phorbas/Chief sailor bass Jean Dun "pére"
Tmole/High Priest/Neptune bass Charles Hardouin
Phosphore haute-contre Robert Lebel
Sailor/Morphée (Morpheus) haute-contre Louis Mantienne
Apollon (Apollo) haute-contre Jacques Cochereau

Synopsis[edit]

Prologue[edit]

The mountain god Tmolus decides a musical competition between Pan and Apollo in favour of the latter. Apollo wishes for a return to the reign of peace over the world, symbolised by the Halcyons.

Act One[edit]

Ceyx, King of Trachis, and Alcyone, daughter of Aeolus, are due to be married. Peleus, the best friend of Ceyx, is also in love with Alcyone. The wedding ceremony is disrupted by the magic of Phorbas, whose ancestors once ruled Trachis and who is bent on revenge against Ceyx.

Act Two[edit]

Ceyx goes to Phorbas's cave to entreat him to stop his evil spells. But Phorbas tells Ceyx he must journey to the oracle of Apollo on the island of Claros to hear the god's verdict. In reality, this is a plan by Phorbas to bring about the death of Ceyx.

Act Three[edit]

Ceyx sets sail from the port of Trachis. Phorbas tells Peleus that he has arranged the voyage so Peleus can be free to woo Alcyone for himself. But Peleus's conscience is troubled when he sees Alcyone faint at the departure of Ceyx.

Act Four[edit]

Alcyone goes to the temple of Juno to pray for the safe return of Ceyx. She falls asleep and in a dream conjured up by Sommeil (Sleep) she sees a ship in trouble on a stormy sea.

Act Five[edit]

Alcyone is full of foreboding. Peleus confesses his love for her and is so ashamed he offers to commit suicide. Alcyone sees a body washed up on the beach and, believing it is Ceyx, runs herself through with a sword. But Neptune restores the lovers to life and makes them responsible for calming the seas.

Recordings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Marais Project at the Wayback Machine (archived July 6, 2011)

Sources[edit]