Aldan, Russia

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For other places with the same name, see Aldan.
Aldan (English)
Алдан (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Town under district jurisdiction[1]
Aldan station.jpg
Aldan railway station
Map of Russia - Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic in Russia
Aldan is located in Sakha Republic
Aldan
Aldan
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Aldan in the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Coordinates: 58°37′N 125°25′E / 58.617°N 125.417°E / 58.617; 125.417Coordinates: 58°37′N 125°25′E / 58.617°N 125.417°E / 58.617; 125.417
AldanWapen.jpg
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic[1]
Administrative district Aldansky District[1]
Town Aldan[1]
Administrative center of Aldansky District,[1] Town of Aldan[1]
Municipal status (as of April 2012)
Municipal district Aldansky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Aldan Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Aldansky Municipal District,[3] Aldan Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 21,275 inhabitants[4]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[5]
Founded 1923[6]
Town status since 1939[citation needed]
Official website
Aldan on WikiCommons

Aldan (Russian: Алдан; IPA: [ɐˈldan]) is a gold-mining town and the administrative center of Aldansky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia. Population: 21,275 (2010 Census);[4] 24,715 (2002 Census);[7] 27,090 (1989 Census).[8]

Geography[edit]

Aldan is situated in the Aldan highlands, about 470 kilometers (290 mi) south of the republic's capital of Yakutsk in the Aldan River basin, on the stream Orto-Sala near its mouth in the Seligdar River. It is on the M56 Lena Highway and the Amur Yakutsk Mainline railway north of Neryungri and southwest of Tommot. Nizhny Kuranakh, another gold-mining settlement, is located to the north.

History[edit]

It was founded in 1923[6] as Nezametny (Незаме́тный), after discovery of rich gold deposits. It was granted town status and renamed in 1939.[citation needed] During World War II, an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian (ALSIB) air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front.[9]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Aldan serves as the administrative center of Aldansky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Aldan is classified as a town under district jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with two rural localities, incorporated within Aldansky District as the Town of Aldan.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Aldan is incorporated within Aldansky Municipal District as Aldan Urban Settlement.[2]

Economy[edit]

Aldan remains a productive gold and mica mining center, largely avoiding the large drop in population suffered by most other towns in the Russian Far East in the years after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Transportation[edit]

The town stands on the motorway connecting Yakutsk and Never, as well as on the partially complete Amur Yakutsk Mainline railway. It is served by the Aldan Airport.

Climate[edit]

Aldan has the typical eastern Siberian subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc) though it is affected by the Pacific Ocean more than localities in the lower Lena basin, which gives it much heavier rainfall during the summer than most of the republic, as well as a little more snowfall and considerably less extreme winter temperatures.

Climate data for Aldan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
9.1
(48.4)
16.1
(61)
27.4
(81.3)
34.3
(93.7)
34.4
(93.9)
35.2
(95.4)
25.8
(78.4)
15.8
(60.4)
6.1
(43)
−0.6
(30.9)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −23.1
(−9.6)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−10.4
(13.3)
0.0
(32)
9.4
(48.9)
19.6
(67.3)
22.5
(72.5)
19.1
(66.4)
9.9
(49.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
−15.2
(4.6)
−22.2
(−8)
−0.9
(30.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −26.9
(−16.4)
−24.4
(−11.9)
−15.9
(3.4)
−5.1
(22.8)
4.4
(39.9)
13.4
(56.1)
16.7
(62.1)
13.4
(56.1)
5.1
(41.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−26
(−15)
−5.8
(21.6)
Average low °C (°F) −31.1
(−24)
−29
(−20)
−21.3
(−6.3)
−10.3
(13.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
7.2
(45)
11.0
(51.8)
8.3
(46.9)
1.0
(33.8)
−10.2
(13.6)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−30
(−22)
−10.6
(12.9)
Record low °C (°F) −48.7
(−55.7)
−46.3
(−51.3)
−42
(−44)
−32.2
(−26)
−16
(3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−16.1
(3)
−30.3
(−22.5)
−44.9
(−48.8)
−48.3
(−54.9)
−48.7
(−55.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 24.1
(0.949)
21.6
(0.85)
25.6
(1.008)
34.2
(1.346)
60.6
(2.386)
78.9
(3.106)
96.0
(3.78)
104.6
(4.118)
84.4
(3.323)
58.4
(2.299)
36.2
(1.425)
27.7
(1.091)
652.3
(25.681)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 24.9 23.6 21.2 16.2 17.7 13.9 12.7 16.0 18.9 26.2 25.5 25.2 242
Mean monthly sunshine hours 65.1 118.6 192.2 210.0 248.0 261.0 275.9 226.3 144.0 93.0 72.0 40.3 1,946.4
Source #1: climatebase.ru (1948-2011)[10]
Source #2: HKO[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  3. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 16. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Igor Lebedev. Aviation Lend-Lease to Russia. Nova Publishers, 1997, pp. 44-49
  10. ^ "Barguzin, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Climatological Information for Aldan, Russia". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2011-12-06. 

Sources[edit]

  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №640-З №173-IV от 29 декабря 2008 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #640-Z No. 173-IV of December 29, 2008 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]