Alden John Bell

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Most Reverend
Alden J. Bell, DD
Bishop of Sacramento
Alden Bell.jpg
Church Catholic Church
See Sacramento
In office March 30, 1962—July 11, 1979
Predecessor Joseph Thomas McGucken
Successor Francis Anthony Quinn
Orders
Ordination May 14, 1932
Consecration June 4, 1956
Personal details
Born (1904-07-11)July 11, 1904
Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
Died August 28, 1982(1982-08-28) (aged 78)
Sacramento, California, U.S.
Previous post Auxiliary Bishop of Los Angeles (1956-1962)

Alden John Bell (July 11, 1904 – August 28, 1982) was a 20th-century bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States. He served as bishop of the Diocese of Sacramento in the state of California from 1962-1979. Bell survived being stabbed in his own office several times by a knife-wielding assailant.[1][2][3]

Early life and pastoral assignments[edit]

Alden John Bell was born in Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. He completed his undergraduate education at Saint Patrick's Seminary[4] in Menlo Park, California and his graduate studies at Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.[1]

While at this seminary in 1927, Bell was one of three pastoral interns who were assigned to St. Elizabeth Catholic Church in Altadena, California.[4] He was ordained a Roman Catholic priest for the Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego on May 14, 1932.[5] In 1935, Father Bell persuaded the Sisters of the Holy Child Jesus to teach at the Sacred Heart Mission.[4]

Episcopacy[edit]

Diocese of Los Angeles[edit]

On April 11, 1956, Bell was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Los Angeles and Titular Bishop of Rhodopolis by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on the following June 4 in St. Vibiana's Cathedral from Cardinal James Francis McIntyre,[6] with Bishops Joseph Thomas McGucken and Timothy Manning serving as co-consecrators.

On November 10, 1956, Bell blessed La Salle High School two months after it opened.[7]

On March 9, 1957 Bell consecrated the high altar at St. Kevin's Church, Los Angeles.[8]

On October 26, 1957, Bell presided over the gymnasium dedication at Junípero Serra High School in Gardena, California.[9]

Diocese of Sacramento[edit]

On March 30, 1962, Bell was appointed the sixth Bishop of Sacramento by Pope John XXIII.[5] He was installed on the following May 15 in the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament, Sacramento.

Diocesan activities[edit]

During the 1960s, Bell learned that a brass locomotive bell, donated by a retired Southern Pacific Railroad parishioner, was going to be installed in All Hallows Church in Sacramento.[10] The church had been built without a bell in 1960 with a large campanile. Bell instructed Pastor Cornelius O'Connor not to place the bell in the tower, but to buy a proper church bell instead. O'Connor declined to buy a new bell and declared that his parish would have no bells.[why?][10]

On September 17, 1963, Bell dedicated Jesuit High School to the Jesuit North American Martyrs.[11] In May 1982, Bell returned to this school to dedicate its library in memory of Rev. Joseph J. King, S.J..[11]

On April 2, 1965, Bell dedicated the fourth rebuilding of St. Joseph Church in Redding, California.[12] The original church had been constructed near some railroad tracks and later moved to the site of the second church.[12] Both the second and third St. Joseph's churches had burnt down in fires.[12]

On June 7, 1965, Bell dedicated Holy Family Parish's new church, which replaced the Camp Kohler chapel that had been purchased from the Army.[13] In 1970 he approved Monsignor Vito Mistretta's request to employ a lay staff at Holy Family.[citation needed]

In 1969, as the ordinary, Bell approved within the see of Sacramento Our Lady of Guadalupe Church as a "national shrine".[14] This shrine is known as the Sanctuary of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe or as Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe.[15] This was accomplished after the construction of its new church because at that time it had become the largest "Spanish speaking" Mexican parish.[14]

In 1973, Bell dedicated St. Joseph Parish's new church in Elk Grove, California.[16] The old church had been sold in December 1972.[16]

On May 6, 1974, Bell was the principal consecrator of Bishop John Stephen Cummins.[17] Cummins had been appointed as the diocesan auxiliary bishop on February 26, 1974.[17]

In 1977, Bell supervised the purchase and installation of a Schlicker organ from Buffalo, New York for the Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament.[18] While it had nine ranks of pipes, the organ proved to be inadequate for the music of the cathedral's liturgy.[18]

In May 1977, Bell gave $20,000, which had been a World War II relief fund for Slovaks to the Byzantine Eparch of Parma, Emil Mihalik.[19] The eparch said the money would be used to build a church in Sacramento.[19]

Ecumenical Councils[edit]

From 1962-1965 Bishop Bell attended all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council. He was responsible for implementing the reforms that resulted from the Council in the diocese. Many parishes began parish councils at this time, and he encouraged the emergence of lay ministry in the diocese. At the same time, he needed to respond to the needs of a growing diocese. Solano County was added to the diocese. He focused on the development of high schools throughout the diocese. He initiated a fund drive to ease costs, build new schools, expand religious education programs and build a home for the aged.[20]

The 17 years he spent as bishop of the diocese, which grew to nearly 250,000 members during his tenure,[2] was a period of turbulence. Issues from outside the diocese also affected day-to-day life: the Vietnam War, the civil rights movement and legislative matters on abortion. Within the diocese, his positive actions to aid Catholic education, improve interaction with the Latino community and renovate the interior of the cathedral were undermined by divisions, school closures, and world tensions.[20]

Pope John Paul II accepted Bell's resignation on July 11, 1979 at the age of 75, making him the Bishop Emeritus of Sacramento.

Assassination attempt[edit]

In October 1979, a knife-wielding assailant attacked and cut Bell several times while he was off-duty in the cathedral's chancery, which was then located two blocks north of the state capitol.[1][2][3][21] He was stabbed twice before his secretary, Jean Tamaki, found William Luthin attacking the bishop with a "dagger-like" knife.[2] Tamaki was able to pull Luthin away by his shirt because the attacker was of "medium or small build." Bell had been in his office preparing for a trip to see Pope John Paul II in Chicago, Illinois.[2] Luthin surrendered himself at a hospital and was found not guilty by reason of insanity.[1] Police arrested Luthin as a suspect because he told nurses, "Call somebody. I stabbed a priest."[2] A knife was found on the office couch together with the sales receipt from a nearby store.[2] Bell was held overnight at Mercy General Hospital[2] with hand and rib wounds.[3][21] Luthin had seen the bishop earlier that day and reportedly complained about being excommunicated.[21] The bishop's trip to meet the pope was canceled.[3]

Death[edit]

Bell died of esophageal cancer on August 28, 1982, aged 78.[2]

Quotes[edit]

- Then Governor Ronald Reagan's 1970 letter to Bell answering his request on "the tragic situation of Catholic school finances in California."[22]

- From a May 1976 letter written by Bell that was read all diocosesan Masses concerning the deaths of 27 high school choir members and their champerone.[23]

- Bishop Francis Quinn on the subject of Bell's 1982 death.[1]

- Reverend James C. Kidder, the bishop's secretary for 12 years, on the subject of Bell's 1982 death.[1]

Episcopal succession[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Joseph Thomas McGucken
Bishop of Sacramento
1962–1979
Succeeded by
Francis Quinn

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Retired Bishop Alden Bell is dead at 78". Lodi News-Sentinel. Google News. August 30, 1982. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Sacto. Bishop stabbed". Lodi News-Sentinel. Google News. October 4, 1979. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Bishop stabbed". Milwaukee Journal. Google News. October 4, 1979. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  4. ^ a b c "St. Elizabeth Catholic Church". saintelizabethchurch.org. August 30, 1982. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  5. ^ a b Bishop Alden John Bell www.catholic-hierarchy.org
  6. ^ "Consecration of Bishop Bell Set". LA Times. June 2, 1956. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  7. ^ "School History". La Salle High School (Pasadena, California). Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  8. ^ "About us". stkevinparish.org. 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  9. ^ Brother Charles Boglitz, SM (1989). "Some Serra History". Junípero Serra High School (Gardena, California). Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  10. ^ a b "Chimes and Bells". allhallowssacramento. 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  11. ^ a b "History of Jesuit High School (section)". Jesuit High School (Sacramento). Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  12. ^ a b c "St Joseph's History". stjosephredding.org. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  13. ^ "A Brief History of Holy Family Parish". holyfamilych.org. May 18, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b John Oldfield, O.A.R. (January 2007). Bishop of the Barrio: The Life of Bishop Alphonse Gallegos, O AR. Paulist Press. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  15. ^ National Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe ~ Santuario Nacional de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe; retrieved 2010-05-18.
  16. ^ a b "Elk Grove: St. Joseph Parish website". stjoseph-elkgrove.net. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  17. ^ a b "Bishop John Stephen Cummins". catholic-hierarchy.org. February 10, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  18. ^ a b Msgr. James Murphy. "Restoration of the Cathedral of the Blessed Cathedral". Cathedral of the Blessed Sacrament. Retrieved 2010-05-17. 
  19. ^ a b "Byzantine Catholic Rite Showing Rapid Growth". Toledo Blade. Google News. April 30, 1977. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  20. ^ a b The Diocese of Sacramento enjoys a rich history..., diocese-sacramento.org; accessed August 28, 2014.
  21. ^ a b c "Intruder stabs retired bishop". Lakeland Ledger. Google News. October 4, 1979. Retrieved 2010-05-18. 
  22. ^ "Bishop: Reagan Hopes To Find School Aid". Modesto Bee. Google News. September 3, 1970. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  23. ^ "Services held in Yuba City for bus victims". The Beaver County Times. Google News. May 24, 1976. Retrieved 2010-05-18.