Alderfly

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Alderfly
Sialis lutaria01.jpg
Adult Sialis lutaria
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Megaloptera
Family: Sialidae
Leach, 1815
Subfamilies
  • See text

Alderflies are megalopteran insects of the family Sialidae. They are closely related to the dobsonflies and fishflies as well as to the prehistoric Euchauliodidae. All living alderflies - about 66 species altogether[1] - are part of the subfamily Sialinae, which contains between one and seven extant genera according to different scientists' views. But in most classifications, all or almost all of these are treated as subgenera of Sialis.[citation needed]

Sialinae have a body length of less than 25 mm (1 inch), long filamentous antennae and four large dark wings of which the anterior pair is slightly longer than the posterior. They lack ocelli and their fourth tarsal segment is dilated and deeply bilobed. Dead alderfly larvae are used as bait in fishing.[2]

The females lay a vast number of eggs upon grass stems near water. The larvae are aquatic, active, armed with strong sharp mandibles, and breathe by means of seven pairs of abdominal branchial filaments. When full sized, which takes between one and two years, they leave the water and spend a quiescent pupal stage on the land before metamorphosis into the sexually mature insect. Adult alderflies stay near to the water, in which they had lived in when they were younger.

Genera and Species[edit]

In addition to the seven living genera[3] (or genus[citation needed]), there are several genera of fossil alderflies.

Family Sialidae

Sialis lutaria is the most common alderfly in the United Kingdom[4] and across much of Europe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Engel, M.S.; Grimaldi D.A. (2007). "The neuropterid fauna of Dominican and Mexican amber (Neuropterida, Megaloptera, Neuroptera)". American Museum Novitates 3587: 1–58. doi:10.1206/0003-0082(2007)3587[1:TNFODA]2.0.CO;2. 
  2. ^ fly fishing entomology alderfy entry
  3. ^ Salidae genera list at the Lacewing Digital library
  4. ^ Arkive (2006): Alderfly - Sialis lutaria. Retrieved 2006-JUN-28.

External links[edit]