Alderley Edge

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Alderley Edge
Alderley E Philip 2.jpg
St Philip's Church, Alderley Edge
Alderley Edge is located in Cheshire
Alderley Edge
Alderley Edge
 Alderley Edge shown within Cheshire
Population 4,638 [1]
OS grid reference SJ843785
Civil parish Alderley Edge
Unitary authority Cheshire East
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ALDERLEY EDGE
Postcode district SK9
Dialling code 01625
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Tatton
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°18′11″N 2°14′10″W / 53.303°N 2.236°W / 53.303; -2.236

Alderley Edge is a village and civil parish in Cheshire, England. In 2011, it had a population of 4,638.[1]

Alderley Edge is 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Macclesfield and 15 miles (24 km) south of Manchester. It is situated at the base of a steep and thickly wooded sandstone ridge, Alderley Edge, which is the area's chief topographical feature and overlooks the Cheshire Plain.

Alderley Edge is famous for its affluence and expensive houses, falling inside Cheshire's Golden Triangle.[2] Alderley Edge has a selection of cafes and designer shops and has attracted numerous Premier League footballers, actors and multi-millionaire business people.[3] It is one of the most expensive and sought-after places to live in the UK outside of central London.[4]

History[edit]

Alderley Edge in 1951
Alderley Edge Prize Band
Druid’s Circle’ on The Edge, a folly stone circle probably placed here in the 19th century
The Wizard Pub
London Road
Alderley Edge railway station
A cottage in the village
The entrance to the local cemetery
The Merlin Restaurant

The area around Alderley Edge provides proof of occupation since the Mesolithic period with flint implements being found along the line of the sandstone outcrop. Evidence of copper mining in the Bronze Age has also been found to the south of the area. In 1995 members of the Derbyshire Caving Club found a hoard of 564 coins of the Roman Empire (now in the Manchester Museum) dating from AD 317 to AD 336. There are to date 13 recorded sites on the County Sites and Monuments Record (CSMR) in the settled area of Alderley Edge and 28 in Nether Alderley, with a further 44 along the Edge.

Early mediaeval settlements are recorded at Nether Alderley, to the south of Alderley Edge. The first written evidence of Alderley Edge, known then as 'Chorlegh' (later spelt as 'Chorley') appeared in the 13th century, with the likely derivation coming from ceorl[5] and lēah,[6] meaning a peasants' clearing. Although it is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, it is included in a charter of c.1280. The name 'Alderley' first appears in 1086 as 'Aldredelie'. Several versions of the origin are known: one says it originated from Aldred and leah meaning 'Aldred's Clearing'. Another says it is most likely that the name Alderley came from Old English language 'Alðrȳðelēah' meaning "the meadow or woodland clearing of a woman called Alðrȳð.

In the 13th century and during the Middle Ages, the area comprised estates that had many owners. Since the 15th century, most of them have belonged to the De Trafford baronets. The principal manors were based on the 14th century Chorley Old Hall, which is south-west of Alderley Edge, and the Old Hall, at Nether Alderley, a 16th-century building burnt down in 1779. The economies of Chorley and Nether Alderley were dominated by agriculture with a market charter granted at Nether Alderley in c.1253. Nether Alderley Mill dates back to 1391, although the present timber structure is only 16th century. The millpond was adapted to form the moat, which surrounded the Old Hall, the home of the Stanley family. The corn mill continued to be worked until 1939 when Edward Stanley, 6th Baron Stanley of Alderley was compelled to sell it, along with the rest of the Alderley Park estate, to meet the cost of death duties. In the 1950s the National Trust bought the site and have since restored the building and opened it to the public.

Cheshire had its own system of taxes in the mediaeval period, the Mize, and in the records for 1405 Chorley was assessed at 20s 0d and Nether Alderley at 27s 0d.

Lead and copper mining on the Edge is documented in the late 17th century and 18th century. After the destruction of the Old Hall in the late 18th century, the Stanley family moved to Park House on the south edge of Alderley Park, and house and park were afterwards much extended. Throughout the 19th century Nether Alderley remained under the control of the Stanleys and the lack of development pressure meant that the dispersed medieval settlement pattern was retained. In 1830 Chorley consisted of only a few cottages, the De Trafford Arms Inn, a toll bar, and a smithy, straggling along the Congleton to Manchester Road.

The coming of the railway in 1842 with the construction of the Stockport to Crewe section of the main Manchester and Birmingham Railway changed all this. The Manchester and Birmingham Railway Company built the line through Chorley, offering free season tickets for 20 years to Manchester businessmen who built houses with a rateable value of more than £50 within a mile of the station. This 'season ticket' was in the form of a small silver oval which could be worn on a watch chain.

The railway also gave Alderley Edge its current name. As the railway network expanded and travel became easier, the railway company did not want its station called Chorley any more because of the possible confusion with Chorley in Lancashire. So, in 1880 they renamed it Alderley Edge railway station against much opposition, taking the old name for the village and the name of the sandstone escarpment already known as The Edge. The name Chorley, Macclesfield is retained by the civil parish to the northwest of Alderley Edge.

Following the construction of the railway, the local landowner, Sir Humphrey de Trafford, of Chorley Hall, laid out an extensive estate of new roads and new houses were incrementally added, filling-in most of the available sites by 1910. Of these, nine are now listed grade II. The area boundary largely reflects de Trafford's original estate boundaries. Also because of the railway, Alderley became a popular place to visit and the railway company popularised day trips and cheap excursions to the village.

This period also saw the appearance of buildings which are now landmarks. St Philip's Church, Alderley Edge with its 175 ft (53 m) spire was built in 1853 and the village primary school a year later known as Alderley Edge Community Primary School.[7] Two all-girls schools were opened, St Hilary's in 1876 and Mount Carmel in 1945, which then merged in 1999 to form Alderley Edge School for Girls. A boys' school, The Ryleys School, was opened in 1877. The Mission Hall (later known as The Institute) was built as a temperance hall for the recreation of the 'lower classes' by the wealthier residents in 1878. The Methodist Church in Chapel Road was built ten years after St Philip's.

The area is notable for its heavily wooded streets and substantial Victorian villas set in spacious gardens. The first villa was constructed in the early 1840s and by 1850 thirty "handsome residences" had been erected, some of them in what is now the Alderley Edge Conservation Area. The cotton barons from Manchester built their mansions here and now (as at around 2010) they are changing hands for several million pounds. The village winds up a high street with many restaurants, designer shops and speciality food shops. Around the village, winding lanes are covered in their original sandstone setts and front boundary walls are usually built from the same local sandstone. The buildings are varied in style with examples of Tudor, Italian, neo-Georgian and Arts and Crafts Movement designs. The wide range of materials used reflects this somewhat eclectic mix of styles, and include stone, brick (several colours) smooth render or roughcast for the walls, and Welsh slate or clay tiles for the roofs.

The growth of Alderley Edge is recorded in the census returns; with the population rising from 561 in 1841 to 2856 in 1902 (the return for Nether Alderley shows a drop from 679 to 522 within the same period). There was no church in Chorley until 1852, when the larger expansion of the town in the demanded enlarged accommodation, but St Mary's Church, Nether Alderley retains some 14th century work including a font.

The First Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1871 therefore shows "Chorley" (as it still was) with the new Queen's Hotel next to the station, new shops and terraced houses along London Road, and a Post Office at the town centre, where Macclesfield Road meets Alderley Road. To the north are wooded areas with detached villas, but to the east is a much larger area, roughly approximating to the modern conservation area, where curving roads divide generous wooded plots, usually with its own house, although some plots remained undeveloped until much later. Of interest is the use of the names "Brickfield" and "Brick kiln" on a site to the north-east of Alderley Edge, suggesting a source for the local bricks.

The 1899 map shows a similar footprint but it is much easier to make out the individual villas and their names – Holybank, Ashfield (Alderley Edge villa), The Larches etc. Also very evident on this map are the remains of the old mines towards and within Windmill Wood, immediately to the southeast. In the 20th century, Alderley Edge continued to expand with much Post WW2 Era|Post-War housing around the northeastern and western edges. Nether Alderley has remained relatively unchanged, apart from the sale of Alderley Park to Astra Zeneca (previously ICI, Imperial Chemical Industries), which now has a large research establishment based on Alderley Hall.

Administrative history[edit]

From medieval times the area was part of the Chorley township of the ancient parish of Wilmslow in the Macclesfield Hundred of Cheshire. Under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1866 Chorley became a civil parish in its own right. Alderley Edge civil parish was created on 31 December 1894 from part of Chorley civil parish. Along with Bollinfee civil parish it formed Alderley Edge Urban District. In 1974 it became a civil parish in the new non-metropolitan district of Macclesfield. Since 1 April 2009 it has been part of the unitary authority of Cheshire East.[8]

Boundary changes[edit]

The civil parish was enlarged on 30 September by gaining a further part of Chorley. On 1 October 1910 it was enlarged by gaining part of Nether Alderley civil parish. It was further enlarged on 1 April 1936 by the transfer of a further 2 acres (8,100 m2) from Chorley and 19 acres (77,000 m2) from Wilmslow civil parish and by gaining 112 acres (0.45 km2) on the abolition of Bollinfee civil parish.[9]

Economy[edit]

At the 2001 UK census, the Alderley Edge ward had a possible workforce of approximately 2157 people. The economic activity of residents in the Alderley Edge electoral ward was 36.9% in full-time employment, 10.2% in part-time employment, 29.3% self-employed, 1.7% unemployed, 1.4% students with jobs, 3.5% students without jobs, 19.3% retired, 7.5% looking after home or family, 2.8% permanently sick or disabled and 2.0% economically inactive for other reasons. Alderley Edge has a very high rate of self-employment (29.3%) compared with rest of the Macclesfield borough (22.7%) and England (16.6%). Alderley Edge also has low rates of unemployment (1.7%) compared with the rest of the Macclesfield borough (2.0%) and England (3.3%).[10] The Office for National Statistics estimated that during the period of April 2001 to March 2002 the average gross weekly income of households in Alderley Edge was £720 (£37,440 per year).[11]

Notable Residents[edit]

The village is home to a number of affluent people due to its location close to Manchester, many of whom are multi-millionaires (particularly Premiership footballers, pop stars and local business people). Footballers who live in Alderley Edge include Dwight Yorke and Manchester United players Rio Ferdinand and Michael Carrick. David Beckham and his wife Victoria Beckham previously resided in Alderley Edge.[3] A number of Coronation Street actors, including Helen Flanagan, Denise Welch and Richard Fleeshman also live in the village.[12]

Landmarks[edit]

The Edge[edit]

To The Edge sign, Alderley Edge
Woodland path at Alderley Edge

The Edge is a wide red sandstone escarpment situated above the village of Alderley. An edge is a name used as a descriptive term for high land in Cheshire and adjacent counties, such as in Wenlock Edge and Blackstone Edge. The Edge at Alderley is a ridge of land separating a narrow and short valley from the higher ground of southeast Cheshire and Derbyshire. It rises gradually from the town of Macclesfield, until, at a distance of 7 or 8 kilometres, it terminates abruptly, having reached a height of nearly 215 metres above sea level, and 110 metres above the Cheshire Plain below it.

It was formed partly by the weathering of resistant sandstone lying on top of a softer sandstone, and partly by faulting of the rocks. The scarp or slope is repeated eight times by faults of up to 200 metres, which has thrown down blocks of sandstone west to Alderley and east to the village of Kirkleyditch. The northern side of the Edge is shaped like a horse shoe or hough (pronounced huff), as this type of ridge is called in Cheshire. The Edge also marks the line of a hamlet of scattered houses called The Hough, which descend towards Alderley village.

Today, Alderley Edge is owned by the National Trust and maintained as a public access wooded area. It has been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its unique geology.[13] The Edge is a popular destination for day trippers from Manchester and the nearby towns of Wilmslow and Macclesfield. The whole woodland is riddled with old mine workings and relics of by-gone times.

Views[edit]

The view from Stormy Point over to the Pennines

From its highest point, the Edge affords panoramic views across Cheshire and the Peak District and walking paths through the property, as well as one to nearby National Trust property Hare Hill. From the Edge, the Cheshire Plain, can be seen extending from the area of Macclesfield Forest on the south east side with its with undulating land and woods, towards the extreme easterly point of the Derbyshire peaks, and northerly to Manchester and Blackstone Edge in Yorkshire.

Until trees were planted at the Edge (1745–1755), visitors to the Edge could see a full 360° panorama of the country around; today the view from the Edge itself is limited to the northerly and easterly directions. Trees now obscure the views in other directions, including views of the Wrekin in Shropshire to the south; The Cloud near Bosley and Mow Cop (where the Cheshire Plain meets the Peckforton Hills, Beeston Castle, and the Delamere Forest) to the southwest; and west to the mountains of North Wales.

History[edit]

The Edge was described as a dreary common [14] till the year 1779, when it was enclosed together with all the other waste lands of Alderley. Some hundreds of Scotch firs were planted on the highest points by Sir James and Sir Edward Stanley, between 1745 and 1755; before that time, it does not appear that a single tree grew on it.

In 1882, George Ormerod in his book The History of Cheshire[14] described Alderley Edge as "an abrupt and elevated ridge, formerly the site of a Beacon, which bears the appearance of having been detached by some great convulsion of nature from the range of the Macclesfield hills, as Helsby and Beeston seem to have been from those of Delamere and Peckforton. Near the summit, "cobalt ore, lead, and copper have been got in small quantities. The sides are varied with cultivated "land, wood, and rock; and the entire mass presents a striking object to all the surrounding district, over which it commands a most extensive prospect."

Alderley Edge mines[edit]

Passage in West Mine

The escarpment has long been a site of copper mining. Archaeological evidence indicates that mining took place here during Roman times and the Bronze Age, and written records show that mining continued here from the 1690s up to the 1920s.

Pre-history[edit]

Hammerstones recorded by Charles Roeder

In the 19th century, crudely shaped stones were found in the bottom of old workings and were thought to be Bronze Age hammer stones.[15] At the same time, a wooden shovel was found and recorded in 1878.[16] Roeder and Graves wrote two papers in the early 20th century [17][18] about the findings in 1878 and added to the theory of Bronze Age working that there was a possibility of Roman mining. The picture was transformed when in 1993 the wooden shovel was rediscovered by English novelist and long-time local citizen Alan Garner. The shovel was carbon-dated to around 1780 BC.[19] Subsequently, the Alderley Edge Landscape Project was set up and excavation around Engine Vein revealed what are believed to be Bronze Age smelting hearths dating to around 2000 BC.[20]

Roman mining was considered unlikely until the finding in 1995 of a 4th-century Roman coin hoard in an abandoned shaft at Engine Vein.[21] This dated the shaft to the 4th century and its regularity and depth suggested that the Romans may well have worked it. An archaeological excavation was undertaken by Derbyshire Caving Club members supervised by the Alderley Edge Landscape Project archaeologists and, at the bottom, timbers were revealed which were carbon-dated to the last century BC. Given that they were heartwood from cut timbers, the dating cannot be precise and the shaft is now believed to be Roman in origin. The passage from the shaft to the Vein was driven from the direction of the shaft and resembles other Roman workings in the United Kingdom, such as at Dolaucothi, and in Germany, such as at Wallerfangen.

Between the Roman working and 1690, there is scant evidence of mining except a reference to "myne holes" (reference in AELPHER archive which is currently inaccessible – May 2007). which cannot be relied on as evidence of mining in progress.

17th and 18th centuries[edit]

From 1693 [22] to the mid-19th century, various people are reported to have explored the Edge for copper and work was done at Saddlebole, Stormy Point, Engine Vein and Brinlow.[23] It is likely that the near-surface sections of Wood Mine were investigated during this period. One operator of note was Charles Roe of Macclesfield, who worked the mines from 1758 to 1768 before moving to Anglesey on the discovery of major deposits of copper at Parys Mountain.[24]

Early 19th century[edit]

Visitors in Engine Vein

Apart from Roe, the history of working up to 1857 is patchy. The best recorded period was between about 1805 and 1815 when a company of local men including a Derbyshire miner, James Ashton, tried to exploit the mines for lead. During the course of their work, they identified the presence of cobalt which was in demand during the Napoleonic blockade of supplies (Bakewell, 1811). Evidence in the field points to the working of a series of mines on a north-south fault running from Saddlebole to Findlow Hill Wood. Some parts of Engine Vein and possibly West Mine appear to have been excavated at this time. The work ended when the price of cobalt fell. The leases for the period tell the story for Ashton who sacrificed his salary for his share in the company, but even lost this when the company called for more capital than he could provide – and yet he was the man down the mine doing the work (Anon, 1808).

Late 19th century[edit]

In 1857, a Cornish man, James Michell, started work at West Mine and moved on in the 1860s to Wood Mine and Engine Vein. His company lasted 21 years (the length of the lease) although Michell died in an accident in the mines in 1862. During this working period, nearly 200,000 tons of ore were removed yielding 3,500 tons of copper metal. The mines closed in 1877 and the Abandonment Plan of 1878 shows all the workings open at that date. This period saw the mining of West Mine and Wood Mine and the reworking of Engine Vein, Brinlow, Doc Mine and other smaller mines on the Edge (Warrington, 1981, Carlon, 1979 and Carlon and Dibben, 2012).

20th century[edit]

There were some limited and unsuccessful attempts to re-open the mines in 1911 (Anon, 1911), during the First World War and shortly after but these ended in a sale of equipment in 1926 (Warrington, 1981). From the 1860s onwards, there have been many thousands of visitors to the mines, many – including the earliest – with good lighting and experienced leaders. However, many other visitors, especially between 1940 and 1960, were ill-equipped and unprepared. This led to a series of accidents that gained the mines a notoriety which still haunts them today. The West and Wood Mines were finally blocked in the early 1960s (Jones, 1961). In 1969, the Derbyshire Caving Club obtained permission from the National Trust (the owners) to re-open Wood Mine and since then much has been found by excavation and exploration and thousands of people have visited the mines in supervised groups.

Chorley Old Hall

Historic buildings[edit]

There are many historic buildings including Chorley Old Hall, which is the oldest surviving manor house in Cheshire.

To the south of the village is the Alderley Park estate, former ancestral home of the Stanley(s).

Local legends[edit]

The Weirdstone of Brisingamen: A Tale of Alderley

There are several local legends, the most famous being that of the Wizard of the Edge.

The Wizard of the Edge[edit]

Tradition says that a farmer from Mobberley was taking a milk white mare to sell at the market in Macclesfield. Whilst walking along the Edge, he reached a spot known locally as "Thieves Hole." Suddenly an old man clad in a grey and flowing garment stopped him. The old man offered the farmer a sum of money for his horse but the farmer refused, saying he could get a better price at the market. The old man told the farmer that he would be at this spot again that evening when the farmer returned, not having found a purchaser for the horse. The farmer failed to sell the horse and, cursing his luck, made the journey back home along the Edge. At the same point, the old man appeared again, repeating his offer, which this time was accepted. The old man told the farmer to follow him with the horse. As they approached an area just past Stormy Point, the old man held out a wand and muttered a spell, and, to the farmer's shock, the rock opened up to reveal a pair of huge iron gates, which the wizard – for such he clearly was – opened by casting another spell. The frightened horse threw its rider, and the farmer knelt before the wizard and begged for mercy. But the wizard assured him he would come to no harm, and told him to enter. The farmer did so, and was led through the gates into a large cavern. In the cavern, the farmer saw countless men and white horses, all asleep. In a recess there was a chest, from which the wizard took the payment for the horse, which he gave to the farmer. The astonished farmer asked what all this meant; the wizard explained that all these sleeping warriors were ready to awake and fight should England fall into danger. He then ordered the farmer to leave; the farmer complied, and the gates slammed shut and the rock face returned to its previous state. Though the farmer told his friends of his experience, when he returned with them the following day there was no sign of the mysterious iron gates.

There are several versions of the legend. It first appeared in print when a letter, sent by someone using the pseudonym "A Perambulator", was published in the Manchester Mail in 1805.[25] "A Perambulator" wrote in his letter that the story had been related to him by an old servant of the Stanley family of Alderley, and it used to be told by Parson Shrigley, former Clerk and Curate of Alderley (who was in the post from 1753 until his death in 1776 and is buried in Alderley Church). It subsequently appeared in expanded form in a tourist pamphlet, in both prose and verse forms, the former under the title The Cheshire Enchanter and the latter The Legend of the Iron Gates.[26] Several versions include parts of prophecies made by Robert Nixon in the wizard's explanation to the farmer, such as "There will come a day when these men and these horses, awakening from their enchanted slumber, will descend into the plain, decide the fate of a great battle, and save their country. This shall be when George the son of George shall reign."[27] Some later variations, such as a poem by James Roscoe,[28] say that the Wizard was Merlin and the sleeping men were King Arthur and his army. At least six versions appeared in the 19th century alone,[29] and it would subsequently appear in any book of Cheshire folktales.

Similar legends[edit]

There are a number of similar British legends which closely resemble the Alderley one, though since they are all founded in oral tradition it is not possible to know which came first. In one, set in the Eildon Hills in Scotland, and narrated by Sir Walter Scott, the old man is named as Thomas of Erceldoune and the horses are black. Once in the cave, the old man asks the farmer to choose between a sword and a horn. The farmer chooses the horn, and immediately the horses all jump up and start to stamp their hooves on the ground. The terrified farmer is expelled from the cave by a whirlwind and hears the words "Woe is the coward that ever was born, that did not draw the sword but blew the horn".[30] Another very similar one was made into a ballad called Sir Guy the Seeker by Matthew 'Monk' Lewis.,[31] and is based on a legend of Dunstanburgh Castle. In his preface to Sir Guy the Seeker Lewis pointed out the similarity to the Alderley legend.

Alan Garner used the legend of The Wizard of the Edge, and other local legends, in his novels The Weirdstone of Brisingamen and The Moon of Gomrath. Garner, born in Congleton, was raised in Alderley Edge.

Alderley Gold[edit]

Several ancient gold bars have been found at Alderley Edge. The first was found at the side of Artists Lane. Because this bar was obviously old and consisted of gold, it was declared treasure trove. A treasure trove inquest was held in Congleton on 26 February 1993.

John Cherry from the British Museum along with Adrian Tindall, the Principal Conservation Officer (Archaeology) for Cheshire County Council made reports on the bar, and determined the gold bar weighed 97.01 grams and was determined to be 73% gold,

Following this inquest the media interest increased and numerous people descended on the Edge hoping to find their own gold bars. The result of all the searching was that 5 more gold bars were found. These bars were also analysed by the British Museum. The weight and gold content of the bars has been given as:

Bars 1/2/3 found on 23 June 1993 – 101.2 grams bar determined to be 76% gold / 97 grams bar determined to be 76% gold / 100.06 grams bar determined to be 75% gold

Bar 4 found on 9 October 1997 – 81.9 grams bar determined to be 60% gold

Bar 5 was found in the 1960s but not declared to the authorities until 1997 – 100.7 grams bar determined to be 74% gold

Bypass[edit]

New bridge over bypass, Brook Lane, September 2010

After several decades of discussion, a 5 km, north-to-south A34 Alderley Edge bypass was constructed (officially named the Melrose Way[32]) to the west of Alderley Edge to reduce traffic flow through the centre of village. It starts at the Harden roundabout at the south end of the existing Wilmslow bypass and going west of Alderley Edge and rejoins the A34 at the bend about 400 yards north of the south gate of Astra Zeneca's laboratory grounds. The bypass was constructed with the hope of relieving the congestion caused by the 26,000 vehicles that previously passed through Alderley Edge daily. The project cost £56 million and the main civil engineering works were contracted to Birse Civils. The bypass was officially opened by the Chancellor of the Exchequer and MP for Alderley Edge, George Osborne, on Friday, 19 November 2010,[33] "over 6 months before schedule" according to a notice that contractors put up at its south end. The bypass was closed from 20 June 2012 to 7 July 2012 for work on electricity mains.

In popular culture[edit]

The village has been used as a major setting in various books and television shows:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ http://www.wilmslowexpress.co.uk/news/s/503/503492_towns_millionaires_make_postcode_a_money_magnet.html
  3. ^ a b http://www.dailymail.co.uk/travel/article-1347236/How-WAG-Short-breaks-Alderley-Edge-aka-WAG-land.html
  4. ^ http://www.whatsin-wilmslow.co.uk/about.asp
  5. ^ University of Michigan Electronic Middle English Dictionary Retrieval date: 17 October 2007
  6. ^ University of Michigan Electronic Middle English Dictionary Retrieval date: 17 October 2007.
  7. ^ http://www.hostedonharper.co.uk/cheshire/alderleyedge/
  8. ^ Cheshire (Structural Changes) Order 2008
  9. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/relationships.jsp?u_id=10106394
  10. ^ "Economic activity in Alderley Edge". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 July 2007. 
  11. ^ "Model-Based Estimates of Income for Wards". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 July 2007. 
  12. ^ "Tan United: Alderley Edge, the home of footie stars and Helen Flanagan, is fake tan capital of Britain". http://www.mirror.co.uk. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  13. ^ Anon. "Alderley Edge and the National Trust". The National Trust. Retrieved 6 July 2007. 
  14. ^ a b Ormerod, G (1882). The History of Cheshire. Routledge and Sons,Ludgate Hill, London. 
  15. ^ Boyd-Dawkins, W. (1876). On the Stone Mining Tools from Alderley Edge. Jour. Anthropological Inst. G.B. and Ireland, Vol. V, pp 2-5. 
  16. ^ Sainter, J.D. (1878). The jottings of ... some rambles round Macclesfield. Swinnerton and Brown, Macclesfield. 
  17. ^ Roeder, C. (1901). Prehistoric and subsequent mining at Alderley Edge, with a sketch of the archaeological features of the neighbourhood. Trans. Lancs. Cheshire Antiquarian Soc. Vol. 19, pp 77–118. 
  18. ^ Roeder, C. and Graves, F.S. (1905). Recent archaeological discoveries at Alderley Edge. Trans. Lancs. Cheshire Antiquarian Soc., Vol. 23, pp 17–2. 
  19. ^ Garner A., Prag A.J.N.W., Housley R. (1993). The Alderley Edge Shovel, An Epic in three Acts. Current Archaeology. (137) pp. 172-175. 
  20. ^ Timberlake, S. & Prag, A.J.N.W. (2005). The Archaeology of Alderley Edge. British Archaeological Reports No 396. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd. ISBN 1 84058 007 0. 
  21. ^ Anon (December 1996). The 'Pot Shaft' Hoard, Alderley Edge, Cheshire. Coins in Context: the controlled micro-excavation of a fourth-century Roman coin hoard. Final Report. University of Manchester Archaeological Unit. 
  22. ^ Bennett, J.H.E. and Dewhurst, J.C. (1940). Quarter Sessions Records ... for the County Palatine of Chester 1559-1760. The Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire. pp. 195–197. 
  23. ^ Stanley, L.D. (1843). Alderley Edge and its Neighbourhood. Didsbury: J. Swinnerton, Macclesfield. Reprinted 1972, E. J. Morten. 
  24. ^ Bentley Smith, D. (2005). A Georgian Gent & Co. - The Life and Times of Charles Roe. Ashbourne: Landmark Publishing. ISBN 1-84306-175-9. 
  25. ^ Anon (19 May 1805). "Letter to the Manchester Mail" (PDF). Retrieved 4 July 2007. 
  26. ^ Anon (no date). The Cheshire Enchanter, Or, The Legend of the Iron Gates: Containing an Explanation of the Sign of the Public House at Monk’s Heath, Near Macclesfield. Second Edition With Additions. Manchester: G. Innes Junr. 
  27. ^ Stanley, Hon. Louisa Dorothea (1843). Alderley Edge and its Neighbourhood. James Swinnerton. 
  28. ^ Roscoe, James (1839). "The Iron Gates". Blackwoods Magazine (London). 
  29. ^ The Wizard of Alderley Edge
  30. ^ Scott, Sir Walter (1830). Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft – Letter IV. London: John Murry. 
  31. ^ Lewis, Matthew (1808). Romantic Tales. London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme, Paternoster Row. pp. 291–307. 
  32. ^ http://www.alderleyedge.com/news/article/4653/alderley-edge-bypass-officially-named-melrose-way
  33. ^ http://www.alderleyedge.com/news/article/3299/alderley-edge-bypass-open-at-long-last
  34. ^ "Teens' edgy debut". 10 October 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2007. 

References[edit]

  • Anon, 1696. Concerning Rioting at Copper Mines in Over Alderley. Abstracts of Knutsford Quarter Session Records. pp. 195–197
  • Anon, 1808. Indenture between (1) Ashton, (2) Bury and Dodge and (3) Jarrold. AELP Archive
  • Anon, 1911. Alderley Edge Copper Mines – work commenced. Alderley and Wilmslow Advertiser, 17 February 1911
  • Bakewell, R., 1811. Account of a Cobalt Mine in Cheshire. Monthly Magazine No. 209 Vol. 31. pp. 7–9
  • Bentley Smith, D., 2005. A Georgian Gent & Co. – The Life and Times of Charles Roe. Ashbourne: Landmark Publishing ISBN 1-84306-175-9
  • Boyd Dawkins, W., 1876. On the Stone Mining Tools from Alderley Edge. Jour. Anthro. Inst. GB and Ireland. 5, pp. 3–5
  • Broadhurst, F.M. et al., 1970. The Area Around Manchester: Geologists Association Guide No 7
  • Carlon, Chris J., 1979. The Alderley Edge Mines, Altrincham: John Sherratt and Son Ltd. ISBN 0-85427-053-1
  • Carlon, Chris J. and Dibben, Nigel J., 2012. The Alderley Edge Mines, Nantwich: Nigel Dibben ISBN 978-1-78280-015-6
  • Cheshire County Council Records Office
  • Garner, A., Prag, J., Housley, R., 1994. The Alderley Edge Shovel, An Epic in three Acts. Current Archaeology. (137) pp. 172–175
  • Jones, W.F., 1961. "The Copper Mines of Alderley Edge". Privately Published (copy in Manchester Central Library)
  • Rail in Cheshire: Documents in the National Railway Museum York, UK
  • Roeder C., 1902. Prehistoric and Subsequent Mining at Alderley Edge etc.. Trans. Lancs. and Ches. Antiqn. Soc. Vol. 19, pp. 77–136
  • Roeder, C. and Graves, F.S., 1905. Recent Archaeological Discoveries at Alderley Edge. Trans. Lancs. and Ches. Antiqn. Soc. Vol. 23, pp. 17–29
  • Stanley, Louisa D., 1843. Alderley Edge and its Neighbourhood. Originally published by Swinnerton, reprinted by E J Morten, 2nd Ed., 1969. Manchester, UK: E.J. Morten
  • Timberlake, S. & Prag, A.J.N.W., 2005. The Archaeology of Alderley Edge, Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd ISBN 1-84058-007-0
  • Warrington, G., 1981. The Copper Mines of Alderley Edge and Mottram St Andrew, Cheshire. Jour. Chester Arch. Soc. 64, pp. 47–73

External links[edit]