Aldgate tube station

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For the train station in South Australia, see Aldgate railway station.
Aldgate London Underground
Aldgate-Station-Entrance.jpg
Aldgate is located in Central London
Aldgate
Aldgate
Location of Aldgate in Central London
Location Aldgate
Local authority City of London
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 1
OSI Fenchurch Street [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 6.03 million[2]
2011 Increase 6.24 million[3]
2012 Increase 6.65 million[3]
2013 Increase 6.88 million[3]
Key dates
18 November 1876 (18 November 1876) Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′50″N 0°04′34″W / 51.514°N 0.076°W / 51.514; -0.076

Aldgate is a London Underground station located at Aldgate on the eastern edge of the City of London. It is on the Circle line between Tower Hill and Liverpool Street, and it is also the eastern terminus of the Metropolitan line. The station is in fare zone 1.

Aldgate was opened in 1876 with its entrance on Aldgate High Street. The nearby Aldgate East station opened eight years later and is served by the Hammersmith & City and District lines.

Platforms 1 and 4 at Aldgate are two of only three platforms (along with platform 2 at Gloucester Road) on the network to be served exclusively by the Circle line (all other Circle line platforms are shared by the District, Metropolitan and/or Hammersmith & City lines).

History[edit]

Aerial view of Aldgate station

The station was opened on 18 November 1876 with a southbound extension to Tower Hill opening on 25 September 1882, completing the Circle (line). Services from Aldgate originally ran further west than they do now, reaching as far as Richmond, and trains also used to run from Aldgate to Hammersmith (the Hammersmith & City line now bypasses the station). It became the terminus of the Metropolitan line in 1941. Before that, Metropolitan trains had continued on to the southern termini of the East London Line.

In 2005, one of four bombs used in the 7 July London terrorist attacks was detonated[4] on a Circle line train that had departed Liverpool Street and was approaching Aldgate. Seven passengers[4] were killed in the explosion, as well as the suicide bomber. Of the stations affected by the bombings, Aldgate was the first to be reopened, once police had handed back control of the site to London Underground following an extensive search for evidence. Once the damaged tunnel was repaired by Metronet engineers, the line was reopened, also allowing the Metropolitan line to be fully restored, since the closure had meant all trains had to be terminated two stations early, at Moorgate.

Services[edit]

Train frequencies vary throughout the day, but the typical off-peak service pattern is:

During peak hours there are also Metropolitan line fast and semi-fast services to Amersham, Chesham and Watford, which start at Aldgate.

Connections[edit]

Main article: Aldgate bus station

To the south of the station is Aldgate bus station offering services to various parts of London.

The station is a short walk away from Fenchurch Street station but is not an official OSI station.

In literature[edit]

Aldgate station plays an important role in the Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Bruce-Partington Plans (published in the anthology His Last Bow).

In the story, the body of a junior clerk named Cadogan West is found on the tracks outside Aldgate, with a number of stolen plans for the Bruce-Partington submarine in his pocket. It seems clear enough that "the man, dead or alive, either fell or was precipitated from a train." But why, wonders Holmes, did the dead man not have a ticket? It turns out that the body was placed on top of a train carriage before it reached Aldgate, via a window in a house on a cutting overlooking the Metropolitan line. Holmes realises that the body fell off the carriage roof only when the train was jolted by the dense concentration of points at Aldgate.

Aldgate is also mentioned in John Creasy's 1955 detective novel Gideon's Day.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Laville, Sandra; Aslam, Dilpazier (14 July 2005). "Trophy-rich athlete who turned to jihad". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 23 May 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Circle line
towards Edgware Road (via Victoria)
Metropolitan line Terminus