Aldie, Virginia

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Aldie, Virginia
Unincorporated community
Village of Aldie
The Aldie Mill in September 2011
The Aldie Mill in September 2011
Aldie, Virginia is located in Virginia
Aldie, Virginia
Aldie, Virginia
Location within the state of Virginia
Coordinates: 38°58′32″N 77°38′29″W / 38.97556°N 77.64139°W / 38.97556; -77.64139Coordinates: 38°58′32″N 77°38′29″W / 38.97556°N 77.64139°W / 38.97556; -77.64139
Country  United States of America
State  Virginia
County Loudoun
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip code 20105
Website VillageofAldie.com

Aldie is an unincorporated community village located on the John Mosby Highway (U.S. Route 50) between Gilbert's Corner and Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia. It is located in a gap between the Catoctin Mountain and Bull Run Mountain, through which the Little River flows. The zip code for Aldie, Virginia, is 20105.

History[edit]

Aldie's beginnings were laid in 1765 when James and George Mercer established a mill at the location of the present historic edifice. The location was a natural choice, as the gap contained the intersection of the Belhaven road between Winchester and Alexandria and the Mountain road which ran northwest to Snickers Gap. By 1809 the Little River Turnpike was completed from Alexandria to the Mercer Mill, replacing the older rutted section of Belhaven Road. With the opening of the road, James Mercer's son, Charles Fenton Mercer, in a partnership with William Cooke, set out to develop a village on 30 acres (120,000 m2) at the turnpike's western terminus. Mercer named the village for Castle Aldie, his Scottish clan's ancestral home.

By 1811 a post office had been established in the village. Two years later, the Ashby's Gap Turnpike was completed from Aldie to Middleburg, and in 1818 the Snickersville Turnpike opened, replacing the Mountain Road. By the census of 1820, Aldie had a population of 248 residents, making it the fourth largest town in the county. The population peaked in 1830 at 260—notably more than half, 132, were slaves. With the incorporation of Middleburg the following year, Aldie began a slow decline. During the American Civil War, the village itself and lands immediately to the west and northwest were the site of the Battle of Aldie during the Gettysburg Campaign. In addition, the Confederate partisan John Singleton Mosby was active in the village, and several small skirmishes between Union cavalry and his band of rangers took place in and around Aldie.

The Aldie Mill Historic District, Furr Farm, Loudoun Agricultural and Mechanical Institute and Mount Zion Old School Baptist Church are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1]

Arts and culture[edit]

The town hosts two annual festivals: in May, the Treasures on the Turnpike, and in October, the Harvest Festival.[2]

Landmarks and other points of interest[edit]

Aldie has three sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. This includes the Aldie Mill Historic District, which includes the Aldie Mill and other historical buildings, the Loudoun Agricultural and Mechanical Institute, and the Mount Zion Baptist Church.

Notable people[edit]

Aldie was the birthplace of Julia Beckwith Neale, mother of Confederate Lieutenant General Stonewall Jackson.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Bill Goodwin (24 February 2012). Frommer's Virginia. John Wiley & Sons. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-118-22449-6. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 

External links[edit]