Aldred Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough

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Major-General Aldred Frederick George Beresford Lumley, 10th Earl of Scarbrough, KG, GBE, KCB, GStJ (16 November 1857 – 4 March 1945) was a British peer and soldier. His first name is sometimes rendered as Alfred, not Aldred.

Military career[edit]

Lumley was the son of Richard Lumley, 9th Earl of Scarbrough and was educated at Eton. He was Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire from 1892 to 1904. In early February 1900 he was appointed second in command of a Battalion of Imperial Yeomanry, with the temporary rank of Major in the Army.[1] His battalion left for South Africa to serve in the Second Boer War, and later the same year he commanded the 7th Hussars, the Yorkshire Dragoons and the Yorkshire Mounted Brigade during the war. After his return to the United Kingdom, he became an aide-de-camp to King Edward VII in 1902. He was Director-General of the Territorial Force until his retirement in 1921.

Scarbrough was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE) shortly before his retirement from the Territorial Force in 1921 for his military service.


On 8 April 1899, Scarbrough married Lucy Cecilia Dunn-Gardner (d. 24 November 1931), widow of Col. Robert Ashton (d. 1898).[2] His wife brought a stepson and stepdaughter to their marriage, and gave birth to a single daughter Lady Serena Lumley. Lucy was the daughter of Cecil Dunn-Gardner.

The Countess's father was probably Cecil Dunn-Gardner (b. 1827, possibly d. by 1880),[3] formerly of the 13th light Dragoons. If the identification is correct, he was the third surviving son of the brewer John Margetts (d. 1842) and his bigamous wife Sarah Dunn-Gardner, Marchioness Townshend, and the younger brother of John Dunn Gardner MP.

Scarbrough's stepdaughter Dorothy Violet Ashton (1885–1956) married in 1914 Lord Gerald Wellesley (1885–1972), who succeeded his nephew as Duke in 1943. The marriage was not a great success, but produced a son and daughter. The son is the present Duke of Wellington (b. 1915), still alive, in his nineties.

Scarbrough's own daughter Lady Serena Lumley married 1923 the Hon. Robert James, and later refused the marriage proposal of her brother-in-law, by then Duke of Wellington.[4] Her elder daughter Ursula James married David Allan Bethell, 5th Baron Westbury (1922–2001); their son Richard is the present 6th Baron.


  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27160. p. 691. 2 February 1900.
  2. ^ Robert Ashton (1848-1898) was a second cousin of Thomas Gair Ashton, 1st Baron Ashton of Hyde (1855-1933), whose great-grandfather Samuel Ashton (1742-1812) was his great-grandfather as well.
  3. ^ Date of birth listed in the accessions list of the National Archives. His library was partly sold in June 1880; such sales often took place after the death of the collector in question.
  4. ^ For details, see the Daily Telegraph obituary of Lady Serena James, nee Lumley

Military offices
Title last held by
The Earl FitzWilliam
Colonel of The Yorkshire Dragoons (Queen's Own)
Succeeded by
The Viscount Halifax
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl FitzWilliam
Lord Lieutenant of the West Riding of Yorkshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Harewood
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Lumley
Earl of Scarbrough
Succeeded by
Lawrence Lumley