|Alec Stratford Cunningham Reid|
Wayland, Norfolk, England
|Died||26 March 1977
Royal Air Force
No. 85 Squadron RAF
|Battles/wars||World War I|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Other work||Politician and Member of Parliament|
Captain Alec Stratford Cunningham-Reid DFC (1895 – 26 March 1977), born Alec Stratford Reid, was a British World War I flying ace credited with seven aerial victories. After the war, he entered politics as a Conservative, serving as a Member of Parliament (MP) for periods between 1922 and 1945.
He joined the Royal Engineers in World War I, and was promoted to Second Lieutenant, transferring to the Royal Flying Corps. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross in August 1918, the citation reading:
|“||Lt. Alec Cunningham Reid (formerly R.E.).
When engaging a column of infantry at a very low altitude, this officer saw a hostile balloon on the ground. This he attacked and burnt. On the two following days he shot down two aeroplanes, and a few days later destroyed a third."
At the 1922 general election, Cunningham-Reid stood as the conservative candidate in Warrington, a Conservative-held borough constituency in Lancashire where the sitting MP Sir Harold Smith was retiring. He won the seat with a comfortable majority in a two-way contest with the Labour Party candidate. However, at the next general election, in 1923, the addition of a Liberal Party candidate saw him lose to Labour's Charles Dukes.
The Liberals in Warrington did not field a candidate at the 1924 general election, and Reid was returned to the House of Commons for the next five years. At the 1929 election he did not stand in Warrington, but instead sought election in Southampton. This was a two-seat constituency, where both the sitting MPs were Conservatives who did not seek re-election. Having returned only Conservatives since 1922, this might have been regarded as safer Conservative territory than Warrington, but Labour won both seats.
Cunningham-Reid's chance of a return to the Commons came in 1932, when the Conservative MP Sir Rennell Rodd resigned from Parliament. This caused a by-election in his inner London constituency of St Marylebone, where Cunningham-Reid was adopted as the candidate of the St Marylebone Conservative and Constitutional Union, which was the official Conservative Party organisation in the area. However, a number of local Conservatives who opposed his adoption left to form the St Marylebone Conservative Association, and nominated their own candidate, Sir B. P Blackett. It was customary for the Conservative Party leader (then Stanley Baldwin) to send a letter of support to the party's candidate, but both Blackett and Cunningham-Reid each claimed to be the official Conservative nominee, and Baldwin did not endorse either of them. No other candidates were nominated, so the election became a two-way contest between the rival Conservatives.
Cunningham-Reid won the seat with a slender majority of 1,013 (4.6% of the votes), and held the seat for a further 13 years. At the 1935 general election he was returned as the official Conservative candidate with a huge majority over his Labour opponent. However, in 1943 the St Marylebone Conservative and Constitutional Union was disaffiliated from the Party in favour of the rival St Marylebone Conservative Association (which had remained in existence since the 1932 split). At the 1945 general election, Cunningham-Reid retained the support of the Conservative and Constitutional Union, but was opposed by Wavell Wakefield, a former captain of the England national rugby union team who received the official Conservative endorsement.
Without official party support, Cunningham-Reid fared poorly, finishing third with only 11% of the votes. Wavell won the seat with a comfortable majority over the second-placed Labour candidate.
On 28 July 1943, Cunningham-Reid was involved in an exchange of blows in the lobby of the House of Commons with fellow Conservative MP Oliver Locker-Lampson. Cunningham-Reid's description of the incident was that after a verbal dispute,
|“||He (Locker-Lamspon) ran whirling his arms around his head and struck me in the chest. I retaliated by hitting him on the head. He went down on his knees. I helped him up and by that time other members had gotten between us"||”|
—The Evening Independent, 29 July 1943
The following day, both MPs made a formal apology in the House of Commons. On 30 July Cunningham-Reid made a personal statement in which he explained to the House that the matter had arisen after Locker-Lampson had accused him of leaving London during The Blitz, whereas he claimed to have departed on a 14-week trip before The Blitz started. The incident became front-page news in Britain, and was reported in several major American newspapers — including the Los Angeles Times, which ran the story under the headline "England Grins as Members of Commons Trade Punches".
Cunningham-Reid was married twice. His first marriage, on 12 May 1927, was to Hon. Ruth Mary Clarisse Ashley (1906-1986), daughter of Lt.-Col. Wilfrid William Ashley, 1st and last Baron Mount Temple and Amalia Mary Maud Cassel, a multimillionaire. The couple, described by the Cincinnati Enquirer as "England's wealthiest girl and handsomest man", had two children: Michael Duncan Alec Cunningham-Reid (1928-2014) and Noel Robert Cunningham-Reid (born 1930). On their honeymoon, she insisted that they share her wealth because "no decent woman likes to have a man live with her in charity", but when the couple divorced in 1940, he sued for half of her $400,000 annual income.
- "Historical list of MPs: House of Commons constituencies beginning with "S"". Leigh Rayment's House of Commons pages. Archived from the original on 20 December 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "The Aces of World War 1". TheAerodrome.com. Retrieved 28 November 2009.
- "Alec Reid". TheAerodrome.com. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Lundy, Darryl. "Captain Alec Stratford Cunningham-Reid". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- The London Gazette: . 3 August 1918. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 267. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, op. cit. page 243
- Craig, op. cit., page 43
- "Two Members of Commons apologise for fist fighting". The Evening Independent. 28 July 1943. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Personal statements". Hansard 1803–2005. 29 July 1943 [House of Commons Debates 29 July 1943 vol 391 columns 1805-7]. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Personal statement". Hansard 1803–2005. 30 July 1943 [House of Commons Debates 30 July 1943 vol 391 columns 1931]. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "2 M. P.s Fight After Dispute in Commons". Chicago Daily Tribune. 29 July 1943. p. 1. Retrieved 21 November 2009. "A fist fight between two members of commons vied with the war news for space on the front pages of London's newspapers today"
- Los Angeles Times (29 July 1943). "England Grins as Members of Commons Trade Punches". p. 14. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Milestones: May 23, 1927". Time Magazine. 23 May 1927. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "Foreign News: Old Boys". Time Magazine. 9 August 1943. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Usborne, David (8 June 1995). "Who wants to be a billionairess?". The Independent (London). Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alec Reid
- Portraits of Alec Stratford Cunningham-Reid (1895-1977) at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Harold Smith
|Member of Parliament for Warrington
1922 – 1923
|Member of Parliament for Warrington
1924 – 1929
Sir Rennell Rodd, Bt
|Member of Parliament for St Marylebone
1932 – 1945