Alejandro Goic

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Alejandro Goic Karmelic
Bishop of Rancagua
Alejandro Goic.jpg
Church Roman Catholic Church
In office 23 April 2004 – present
Predecessor Javier Prado Aránguiz
Orders
Ordination 12 March 1966
Personal details
Born (1940-03-07) March 7, 1940 (age 74)
Punta Arenas, Chile

Alejandro Goic Karmelic (born 7 March 1940) is a Chilean bishop of the Roman Catholic Church. He is currently the bishop of the Diocese of Rancagua and President of the Chilean Conference of Bishops. He was formerly an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Concepción, and the Bishop of the Diocese of Osorno.

Biography[edit]

Early life and studies[edit]

Alejandro Goic Karmelic born in the city of Punta Arenas on 7 March 1940, the son of a family of Croatian immigrants, from the island of Brač, Dalmatia.[1] His father was Pedro Goic and his mother Margarita Karmelic; Alejandro was the youngest of four children.

Goic learned to read at a rural school,[1] and continued his studies at the Instituto Don Bosco and the Liceo Salesiano in Punta Arenas. Later, he joined the Metropolitan Seminary of Concepción, where he studied philosophy, and the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, where he studied theology.

Priesthood[edit]

Goic was ordained to the priesthood on 12 March 1966 in Punta Arenas, by the man who motivated him to explore his priestly vocation, the bishop of the diocese, Vladimiro Boric.[2] While in the Diocese of Punta Arenas, Goic served has the priest of Our Lady of Fatima parish and the chaplain of the penitentiary in Punta Arenas, until 1973.

In March 1973, he was appointed Vicar-General of Punta Arenas by Bishop Boric. Upon Boric's death, Goic went on to serve in the post of vicar capitular until the Holy See appointed a bishop for the diocese. The appointment went to Msgr. Tomas Gonzalez, and Goic continued on as vicar general until May 1979. During those years, Father Goic participated in the negotiations that the Catholic Church in Chile made with their counterparts in Argentina, in order to avoid a military conflict in the year 1978 (which would eventually be resolved by the arbitration of Pope John Paul II). Between 1975 and 1976, he continued courses in theology at the Abbey of Saint Andrew in Bruges, Belgium.

Bishopric[edit]

Pope John Paul II appointed Goic the Titular Bishop of Africa, and auxiliary bishop for the Archdiocese of Concepción,[2] receiving his episcopal ordination at Rome, on 27 May 1979.

On 30 June 1991, Goic was transferred from his ecclesiastical jurisdiction, this time as auxiliary bishop for the Diocese of Talca. This appointment lasted until 1994, when he was appointed Bishop of Diocese of Osorno.

On 10 July 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed him a coadjutor bishop for the Diocese of Rancagua—a coadjuctor bishop performs the same functions as an auxiliary bishop, but is entitled to succession when the office becomes vacant. Thus, with the resignation of Bishop Javier Prado Aránguiz (for reasons of age), Goic took over as the ordinary bishop of the Diocese of Rancagua. He has held that post since 2004, and is also the President of the Chilean Conference of Bishops. In 2007, Goic was approved for three years in that office.[3]

Social role[edit]

Bishop Goic celebrating Mass

One of the main concerns of Goic's years as a priest has been social issues. His special sensitivity to the issues of poverty and social justice originate with a deep identification with the sufferings of Jesus Christ and the principles of the Gospel.[4]

Workers' rights[edit]

During the 1980s, when Goic was auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Concepción, he decided to visit Father Enrique Moreno Laval, a vicar in the Lota coal mining area, in order to familiarize himself with the situation of native workers demanding labor improvements. In turn, he received complaints from unionists in the military regime, who gave him the epithet "Bishop Red". Goic, however, has never been afraid of reprisals, although on one occasion recordings of the radio program Testimonio—which documents human rights and labor abuses—were seized by the military.[5]

2006 student protests[edit]

Although not a formal mediator between the warring parties of the 2006 student demonstrations, Goic repeatedly expressed his desire that the demonstrations reach a successful conclusion. Goic issued a statement expressing his opinion:

There isn't anyone in Chile that doesn't want to improve the quality and equity of education here. One would like to ask the student leaders, who have proven very competent, that they have a little patience, so that [this issue] may be worked through in the parliament.[6]

On 25 May 2006, a group of students threw stones at Goic's residence in the city of Rancagua, having done the same to the city's Liceo Oscar Castro. Paradoxically, the bishop had expressed his intention to mediate only hours before.[7]

Labor outsourcing[edit]

In his capacity as Bishop of Rancagua, Goic was a key factor in the 2007 negotiations between conflicting parties in a fight over Codelco's outsourcing of workers. In a letter signed by him as President of the Chilean Conference of Bishops, dated to 18 July 2007, he stated:

Progress is needed on the subject of collective bargaining on the issue of the company's outsourcing. Recent events are a sign of insufficient legislation in this area. The right to collective bargaining in effective terms is a basic right that the international community and the Church itself recognizes as belonging to workers. This recognition is not complete without avenues to prevent the worker from collaborating with those who most directly benefit from the fruits of his labor.[8]

Other issues[edit]

During the first months of 2008, he served as a mediator between the government and Patricia Troncoso, a pro-Mapuche political prisoner who held a hunger strike for 112 days.

In 2009, the Chilean Conference of Bishops, through the Goic's influence, posed the creation of a general presidential pardon for the year 2010,[note 1] called the "Bicentennial Pardon". This appeal was subsequently recognized by the government.[9] However, the possibility that military personnel convicted of violations of human rights would benefit from the pardon was ruled out by government spokesperson Carolina Tohá.[10] The pardon was slated to take place after the 2009–2010 presidential election (that is, between mid-January and early March 2010).

Controversies[edit]

Bishop Goic pictured with 2009 presidential candidate Eduardo Frei

Ethical salaries[edit]

In 2007, just weeks after the state mining company Codelco reached an agreement with the outsourced employees, the prelate said in an interview that the minimum salary of $144,000 CLP (ca. $270 USD) should be replaced by an "ethical wage", which, in his opinion, would be not less than $250,000 CLP (ca. $470 USD).[11][12] His remarks caused mixed reactions in the country's political, social, and business spheres.

Some characters in the political and business landscape, such as Senator Evelyn Matthei,[13] were skeptical of Bishop Goic's suggestion due to the potential negative effects it could have on small- and medium-sized enterprises; some considered the measure "manipulative".[13] Nevertheless, many political parties and the Government itself were in favor of the proposal.[14]

On 23 August, following a debate launched by Goic, President Michelle Bachelet announced the formation of the Social Equity Advisory Council "Towards a Fairer Chile" (Hacia un Chile más Justo), which aims to propose reforms to Chilean labor.[15]

Homosexual unions[edit]

In November 2009, Goic expressed concern at the emergence of same-sex couples in party political broadcasts for the presidential election of that year, particularly in advertisements for the candidates Eduardo Frei and Sebastián Piñera; the latter was criticized for this issue even within his own coalition, the conservative Independent Democrat Union.

Piñera said he was in "total and absolute agreement" with Bishop Goic, but defended the use of homosexual issues in political campaigns because "a good president has to worry about all Chileans".[16] Jorge Pizarro, the chief of Eduardo Frei's campaign, said in the strongest terms that, "even in the Church there are many homosexuals, people who commit crimes as sensitive as pedophilia, and they exist everywhere: and that's not going to silence the issue".[17] Eduardo Frei was more conciliatory, saying that he could not exclude gay Chileans, because "we are all children of God and, therefore, we should all be welcome in our country".[18]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Unlike particular pardons, general pardons are not an absolute power of the President of the Republic, because they are a matter of law, under Article 60, no. 16 of Chile's constitution.
References
  • Note: All sources are in Spanish.
  1. ^ a b Allende, Salvador. "Alejandro Goic Karmelic". Agrupación de Derechos Humanos. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Monseñor Alejandro Goic Karmelic". Obispos. Conferencia Episcopal de Chile. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  3. ^ "Alejandro Goic fue reelecto como presidente de la Conferencia Episcopal". cooperativa.cl. 20 November 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  4. ^ "Mons. Alejandro Goic, 30 años de episcopado". Conferencia Episcopal de Chile. 27 May 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  5. ^ Alvarez S., Fabián (12 August 2007). "La fuerza de un obispo que siempre dará que hablar". El Sur. Retrieved 23 June 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ "Paciencia pide Mons. Alejandro Goic a los estudiantes secundarios". Prensa CECh. 18 October 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  7. ^ "Estudiantes apedrearon casa de monseñor Goic en Rancagua". La Nacional. 25 May 2006. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  8. ^ Goic Karmelic, Alejandro; Cristián Contreras Villarroel (18 July 2007). "Estudiantes apedrearon casa de monseñor Goic en Rancagua". Conferencia Episcopal de Chile. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  9. ^ "Goic: El indulto no excluye a nadie, pero el Gobierno decidirá". cooperativa.cl. 24 July 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  10. ^ Olivares, Javiera (24 July 2009). "Delitos graves quedan fuera de indulto bicentenario". La Nación. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  11. ^ "Sueldo ético versus un sueldo mínimo". Canal 13. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Monseñor Goic: Sueldo mínimo debería convertirse en sueldo ético". Emol. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "El sueldo ético de Goic es demagógico". El Sur. 8 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Velasco dijo que discusión por "sueldo ético" va en la línea para terminar con la pobreza". La Nacional. 10 August 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  15. ^ http://noticias.123.cl/entel123/html/Tele13/Noticias/Chile/313659.html
  16. ^ "Piñera responde a críticas de Goic: "No vamos a discriminar"". La Tercera. 23 November 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  17. ^ "En la Iglesia hay muchos homosexuales y delitos tan delicados como la pedofilia". El Mostrador. 23 November 2009. Archived from the original on 26 July 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 
  18. ^ "Eduardo Frei respalda inclusión de homosexuales en franja". La Tercera. 24 November 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2010. 

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Miguel Caviedes Medina
Bishop of Osorno
1994–2003
Succeeded by
Osvaldo Rebolledo Salinas
Preceded by
Javier Prado Aránguiz
Bishop of Rancagua
2004–present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa
President of the Chilean
Conference of Bishops

2004–2010
Succeeded by
Ricardo Ezzati Andrello