Alejandro Mario Yllanes
|Alejandro Mario Yllanes|
|Known for||figurative and landscape painting|
Alejandro Mario Yllanes (1913–1960) was an Aymara painter and printmaker from Bolivia. He disappeared from the public spotlight in 1946, after he was awarded, but did not claim, the Guggenheim Fellowship.
Alejandro Yllanes was born in Oruro in 1913. He first worked as a tin miner. His art career began with an exhibition in his hometown in 1930, when he was only 19 years old. He went on to show in La Paz and other cities, including Mexico City. As an easel painter, Yllanes was extremely militant and portrayed the Bolivian government's mistreatment of Indians in his paintings. The Bolivian government exiled the artist due to his political stance.
In the 1940s, Yllanes served as a cultural attache to the Bolivian Embassy in Mexico. During this time he had a solo exhibition at the Palacio de Bellas Artes, and Diego Rivera wrote the introduction to the show's catalog.
Yllanes moved to 419 West 115th Street in New York City. He returned to Mexico, leaving his artwork behind in New York. It is thought he died there in 1960, but in fact, not much is known of his later years. Who's Who in Art continued to list him until 1972.
Nicholas Clemente curated a show of Yllanes' work in New York in 1992, entitled, "Being Discovered: The Spanish Conquest from the Amer-Indian Point of View." He says that Yllanes remains a highly popular artist in Bolivia.
Yllanes was inspired by Bolivia's precolumbian heritage and the native peoples of his homelands. His stylized, figurative work often includes Andean clothing, such as woolen helmets. He also painted landscapes, often on humble supports, such as burlap. Yllanes also draw in graphite, charcoal and ink, and printed with woodblocks and lithography. His palette tended towards warm earth tones.
In 1934, he painted tempera murals on the schoolhouse walls of Warisata, a rural commune on the Bolivian shores of Lake Titicaca. Although never fully completed, these murals portray daily labors of the commune and focused on sustainable productivity. The murals included scenes of ferryman crossing Lake Titicaca on reed boats and Aymara people farming, working with leather, and having a picnic. Other murals portrayed Andean history and cultural beliefs.
- Mario Yllanes, Alejandro and Linda Weintraub. Being discovered: the Spanish conquest from the Amer-Indian point of view: Alejandro Mario Yllanes: from the collection of Edward and Teresa Ford. Annandale-on-Hudson, New York: Edith C. Blum Art Institute, 1992.
- Raynor, Vivien. ART; Works by a Vanished Bolivian Painter. New York Times. 5 April 1992 (retrieved 2 May 2009)
- Nystrom and Konn 31
- Arts and Literature. The Social Studies Lab. (retrieved 2 May 2009)
- Barnitz 97
- Weintraub, Linda. Publications with Exhibitions I Curated. (retrieved 2 May 2009)
- Alejandro Mario Yllanes. Google Books. (retrieved 21 August 2009)
- Barnitz, Jacqueline. Twentieth-century art of Latin America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001:97-87 (retrieved through Google Books, 2 May 2009). ISBN 978-0-292-70858-7
- Nystrom, Andrew Dean and Morgan Konn. Bolivia. Oakland, CA: Lonely Planet, 2004. ISBN 978-1-74104-018-0.