Aleksandr Kaleri

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Aleksandr Kaleri
Александр Калери
Kaleri.png
Cosmonaut
Nationality Russian
Status Active
Born (1956-05-13) 13 May 1956 (age 58)
Jūrmala, Latvian SSR, Soviet Union
Other occupation
Flight engineer
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Time in space
769d 6h 37min
Selection 1984 Cosmonaut Group
Total EVAs
5
Total EVA time
25 hours 46 minutes
Missions Soyuz TM-14, Soyuz TM-24, Soyuz TM-30, Soyuz TMA-3, Expedition 8, Soyuz TMA-01M, Expedition 25/26
Mission insignia
Soyuz TM-14 patch.png Soyuz TM-24 patch.png Soyuz-tm-30-patch.svg Soyuz TMA-3 Patch.png Expedition 8 insignia (iss patch).png Soyuz-TMA-01M-Mission-Patch.svg ISS Expedition 25 Patch.png ISS Expedition 26 Patch.png
Awards Hero of the Russian Federation medal.png Orden of Friendship.png

Aleksandr Yuriyevich "Sasha" Kaleri (Russian: Александр Юрьевич Калери; born Jūrmala, Latvia, 13 May 1956) is a Russian cosmonaut and veteran of extended stays on the Mir Space Station and the International Space Station (ISS). Kaleri has recently been in space aboard the ISS serving as a flight engineer for the long duration Expedition 25/26 missions. He has spent the second-longest time in space of any person and the longest time in space of any person not born in what is now Russia.

Personal[edit]

Kaleri is married to the former Svetlana L. Nosova. They have a son, Oleg Aleksandrovich Kaleri, born in 1996. Kaleri's mother, Antonina Petrovna Kaleri, resides in Sevastopol, Ukraine, and his father, Yuri Borisovich Kaleri, is deceased. Kaleri enjoys running, reading and gardening.[1]

Education[edit]

In 1979, Kaleri graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Moscow region, as a specialist in Aircraft Flight Dynamics and Control. In 1983, he completed post-graduate studies at the same institute as a specialist in the field of Mechanics of Fluids and Plasma.

Experience[edit]

In 1979, he was hired by the Energia Corporation and worked on the Mir space station. He participated in development of design and engineering documentation, full-scale tests of the Mir. Kaleri is a skilled programmer.[2]

Cosmonaut career[edit]

Kaleri participates in a training session at NASA's Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.
Kaleri inside the Zvezda service module during Expedition 8.

Kaleri was selected as the Energia RSC cosmonaut candidate in April 1984. Between 1985 and 1986, he completed basic training and evaluation at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center. In 1987 he was qualified for flight assignment as a test cosmonaut.

Kaleri took a training course for a spaceflight aboard the Mir orbital station as a backup crew flight engineer of the Mir-3 mission from 1 April to 9 December 1987. He took a training course for a spaceflight aboard the Mir as a backup crew flight engineer of the Mir-9 mission from January to April 1991. From 8 October 1991 to 25 February 1992, Kaleri was training as a primary crew flight engineer for the Mir-11 mission.

Kaleri has participated in three extended missions aboard the Mir Space Station. In 1992, he participated in a 145-day flight aboard the Soyuz-TM-14 spacecraft and the Mir. Between 17 August 1996 to 2 March 1997, Kaleri spent 197-days in space aboard the Soyuz-TM-24 spacecraft and the Mir as the Mir-22 mission flight engineer. In 2000, Kaleri performed his third spaceflight aboard the Soyuz-TM-30 spacecraft and the Mir as the Mir-28 mission flight engineer.

Expedition 8[edit]

In 2003, he first flew to the International Space Station (ISS) with NASA astronaut Michael Foale on his fourth spaceflight. Kaleri served as a Flight Engineer on Expedition 8 and spent 194 days in space from 18 October 2003 to 30 April 2004. The Soyuz TMA-3 spacecraft carrying Kaleri, Foale and ESA astronaut André Kuipers successfully landed in Kazakhstan at 00:11 GMT on 30 April 2004.[3] The landing site was located some 60 kilometers northeast of the town of Arkalyk.

Expedition 25/26[edit]

Kaleri was a member (Flight Engineer) of the ISS Expedition 25/26, that was launched on 7 October 2010 from Baikonur Cosmodrome, aboard Soyuz TMA-01M spacecraft, together with cosmonaut Oleg Skripochka and NASA astronaut Scott Kelly.[4] He served as the Soyuz commander. The mission marked Kaleri's fifth flight into space. He arrived at the ISS after the Soyuz spacecraft linked up with the space station at 00:01 UTC on 10 October 2010.[5] He remained in the ISS till March 2011. During their mission, Kaleri and the rest of the Expedition 25/26 crew participated in a wide array of research, including fundamental physics, biometric experiments and investigations of crystal growth in space, as well as education outreach.[6]

Spacewalks[edit]

Aleksandr Kaleri wearing an Orlan spacesuit is pictured in the Pirs Docking Compartment.

Kaleri has participated in five spacewalks and has accumulated 23 EVA hours.

On 8 July 1992, at 12:38 UTC Kaleri started his first career spacewalk. During the spacewalk, he and cosmonaut Aleksandr Viktorenko inspected some of Mir's gyrodynes.[7] The spacewalk lasted 2 hours and 3 minutes.

On 2 December 1996, Kaleri and fellow cosmonaut Valery Korzun completed a 5 hours 57 minutes long spacewalk. The main purpose was to complete connections of the cooperative solar array to provide more electrical power to the Mir station.[8] The spacewalk was Kaleri's second career spacewalk.

On 9 December 1996, Kaleri and fellow cosmonaut Valery Korzun completed a 6 hours 36 minutes long spacewalk. The spacewalk began at 13:50 UTC and ended at 20:28 UTC. During the spacewalk, the two cosmonauts completed connecting the solar array and attached a new Kurs docking antenna subsequently used to guide Progress vehicles docking with Mir. They also repaired the transceiver system that the Mir crew used to talk to amateur operators all around the world.[8]

On 12 May 2000, Kaleri and fellow cosmonaut Sergei Zalyotin completed a five-hour spacewalk to inspect the exterior of Mir. The two spacewalkers also tested a glue which would have been useful to seal tiny cracks, and applied the new airtight sealant to a special panel imitating a damaged section in Mir's skin.[9] The two cosmonauts also examined the exterior of the Progress M1-2 cargo spacecraft.

On 26 February 2004, Kaleri and NASA astronaut Michael Foale floated outside the ISS from the Pirs Docking Compartment airlock.[10] The spacewalk began at 4:17 EST, and Foale and Kaleri were able to complete all but two of their planned tasks, swapping out experiment packages and mounting an instrumented dummy torso on the station's hull to measure the radiation environment faced by spacewalking astronauts. Although the spacewalk was originally planned for 5 hours and 30 minutes, it was cut short due to a cooling system malfunction in Kaleri's spacesuit. Kaleri reported seeing drops of water on the inside of his spacesuit's visor.[11] The spacewalk lasted 3 hours and 55 minutes. The excursion was the fifth career spacewalk for Kaleri.

Honours and awards[12][edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  1. ^ NASA (November 2009). "Biographical Data". Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  2. ^ ENERGIA (April 2003). "Aleksandr Yurievich KALERI". Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  3. ^ RussianSpaceWeb.com. "Soyuz TMA-3 Mission to the ISS". Retrieved 14 June 2010. 
  4. ^ William Harwood (2010-10-07). "Three men launched into space for half-year voyage". SpaceflightNow. Archived from the original on 13 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-17. 
  5. ^ Denise Chow (9 October 2010). "Soyuz Spacecraft Docks at Space Station With New Crew". SPACE.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  6. ^ Clara Moskowitz (17 October 2010). "Russian Soyuz to Launch New Space Station Crew Today". SPACE.com. Archived from the original on 9 October 2010. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  7. ^ Robert Christy. "Space events - 1992". Zarya.info. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  8. ^ a b NASA. "NASA-3 John Blaha: Pulling it Together". Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  9. ^ "Mir spacewalk tests new glue". BBC News. 12 May 2000. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  10. ^ William Harwood (26 February 2004). "Suit problem forces early end to station spacewalk". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  11. ^ Tariq Malik (27 February 2004). "Space Suit Glitch Cuts EVA Short for Station Crew". SPACE.com. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 
  12. ^ "Alexander Yurievich Kaleri". 29 September 2003. Retrieved 4 June 2010. 

External links[edit]